cell renal cell carcinoma
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2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (1) ◽  
pp. 113
Jia Hwang ◽  
Heeeun Kim ◽  
Jinseon Han ◽  
Jieun Lee ◽  
Sunghoo Hong ◽  

Purpose: Although mutations are associated with carcinogenesis, little is known about survival-specific genes in clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC). We developed a customized next-generation sequencing (NGS) gene panel with 156 genes. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether the survival-specific genes we found were present in Korean ccRCC patients, and their association with clinicopathological findings. Materials and Methods: DNA was extracted from the formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissue of 22 ccRCC patients. NGS was performed using our survival-specific gene panel with an Illumina MiSeq. We analyzed NGS data and the correlations between mutations and clinicopathological findings and also compared them with data from the Cancer Genome Atlas-Kidney Renal Clear Cell Carcinoma (TCGA-KIRC) and Renal Cell Cancer-European Union (RECA-EU). Results: We found a total of 100 mutations in 37 of the 156 genes (23.7%) in 22 ccRCC patients. Of the 37 mutated genes, 11 were identified as clinicopathologically significant. Six were novel survival-specific genes (ADAMTS10, CARD6, NLRP2, OBSCN, SECISBP2L, and USP40), and five were top-ranked mutated genes (AKAP9, ARID1A, BAP1, KDM5C, and SETD2). Only CARD6 was validated as an overall survival-specific gene in this Korean study (p = 0.04, r = −0.441), TCGA-KIRC cohort (p = 0.0003), RECA-EU (p = 0.0005). The 10 remaining gene mutations were associated with clinicopathological findings; disease-free survival, mortality, nuclear grade, sarcomatoid component, N-stage, sex, and tumor size. Conclusions: We discovered 11 survival-specific genes in ccRCC using data from TCGA-KIRC, RECA-EU, and Korean patients. We are the first to find a correlation between CARD6 and overall survival in ccRCC. The 11 genes, including CARD6, NLRP2, OBSCN, and USP40, could be useful diagnostic, prognostic, and therapeutic markers in ccRCC.

2022 ◽  
Vol 2022 ◽  
pp. 1-9
Jun Wang ◽  
Jianhui Chen ◽  
Liren Jiang ◽  
Qi Wu ◽  
Dawei Wang

Purpose. Grade-dependent decrease of lipid storage in clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) leads to morphology changes in HE sections. This study investigated the role of cytoplasmic features in frozen sections of ccRCC on prognosis using the digital pathology approach. Methods. We established an automatic pipeline that performed tumor region selection, stain vector normalization, nuclei segmentation, and feature extraction based on the pathologic data from Shanghai General Hospital and The Cancer Genome Atlas database. Extracted features were subjected to survival analysis. Results. Kurtosis of the cytoplasm in the hematoxylin channel was correlated with progression-free survival (HR 0.10, 95% CI: 0.04–0.24, p = 6.52 ∗ 10 − 7 ) and overall survival (HR 0.11, 95% CI: 0.05–0.31, p = 1.72 ∗ 10 − 5 ) in ccRCC, which outperformed other texture features in this analysis. Multivariate Cox regression analysis revealed that low kurtosis of cytoplasm in the hematoxylin channel was an independent predictor for a shorter progression-free survival time ( p = 0.044 ) and overall survival time (p = 0.01). Kaplan–Meier survival analysis of progression-free survival and overall survival also showed a significantly worse prognosis in patients with low kurtosis of the cytoplasm in the hematoxylin channel (both p < 0.0001 ). Lower kurtosis of cytoplasm in the hematoxylin channel was associated with higher pathologic grade, less cholesterol ester, and more mitochondrial DNA content. Conclusion. Kurtosis of the cytoplasm in the hematoxylin channel predicts survival in clear cell renal cell carcinoma.

2022 ◽  
Vol 48 (1) ◽  
pp. 49-57
Barbara Köditz ◽  
Melanie von Brandenstein ◽  
Manuel Huerta-Arana ◽  
Jochen W. U. Fries ◽  

2022 ◽  
Vol 8 ◽  
Zhan Chen ◽  
Yan Lv ◽  
Lu He ◽  
Shunli Wu ◽  
Zhuang Wu

Background: Clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) is the most frequent and lethal type of kidney cancer. Although differential expression of cyclin-dependent kinase-like 2 (CDKL2) has been reported to be associated with tumor progression in other cancers, its prognostic value, and potential mechanism in patients with ccRCC still remain unknown.Methods: Gene expression analysis was conducted using The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA), Gene Expression Omnibus, and International Cancer Genome Consortium databases. Further, clinicopathologic analysis; Kaplan–Meier survival analysis; weighted gene co-expression network analysis; gene set enrichment analysis; gene ontology enrichment; methylation; and immune infiltration analyses were performed using TCGA-kidney renal clear cell carcinoma profiles. CDKL2 translational levels were analyzed using The Human Protein Atlas database.Results:CDKL2 expression was decreased in ccRCC samples retrieved from the four databases. Gender, survival status, histologic grade, clinical stage, TNM classification, and tumor status were closely related to CDKL2 expression. In addition, CDKL2 downregulation was an independent prognostic factor for poor prognosis in multivariate analysis. Enrichment analyses using multiple tests revealed that CDKL2 is not just closely related to immune response but this association is highly correlated as well. Further, we found that CDKL2 expression was significantly correlated with the infiltration levels of T cell CD4 memory resting; monocytes; macrophages M0, M1, and M2; dendritic cells resting; mast cells resting; plasma cells; T cell CD8; and T cell regulatory.Conclusion: This is the first report to study the expression of CDKL2 in ccRCC, wherein we suggest that decreased CDKL2 expression is closely correlated with poor prognosis in ccRCC. We consider that CDKL2 is a novel and potential prognostic biomarker associated with immune infiltrates in ccRCC.

2022 ◽  
Daniel Serie ◽  
Amanda A Myers ◽  
Daniela A Haehn ◽  
Alexander Parker ◽  
Essa Bajalia ◽  

Introduction: Limited data exists on utilization of protein post-translational modifications as biomarkers for clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC). We employed high-throughput glycoproteomics to evaluate differential expression of glycoprotein-isoforms as novel markers for ccRCC progression-free survival (PFS). Methods: Plasma samples were obtained from 77 patients treated surgically for ccRCC. Glycoproteomic analyses were carried out after liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry. Age-adjusted Cox proportional hazard models were constructed to evaluate PFS. Optimized Harrells c-index was employed to dichotomize the collective for the construction of Kaplan-Meier curves. Results: The average length of follow-up was 3.4 (range: 0.04-9.83) years. Glycoproteomic analysis identified 39 glycopeptides and 14 non-glycosylated peptides that showed statistically significant (false discovery rate p ≤0.05) differential expression associated with PFS. Five of the glycosylated peptides conferred continuous hazard ratio of > 6 (range 6.3-11.6). These included prothrombin A2G2S glycan motif (HR=6.47, P=9.53E-05), immunoglobulin J chain FA2G2S2 motif (HR=10.69, P=0.001), clusterin A2G2 motif (HR=7.38, P=0.002), complement component C8A A2G2S2 motif (HR=11.59, P=0.002), and apolipoprotein M glycopeptide with non-fucosylated and non-sialylated hybrid-type glycan (HR=6.30, P=0.003). Kaplan-Meier curves based on dichotomous expression of these five glycopeptides resulted in hazard ratios of 3.9-10.7, all with p-value < 0.03. Kaplan-Meyer plot using the multivariable model comprising 3 of the markers yielded HR of 11.96 (p <0.0001). Conclusion: Differential glyco-isoform abundance of plasma proteins may be a useful source of biomarkers for the clinical course and prognosis of ccRCC.

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