AbstractThis meta-analysis aimed to analyze retinal microvasculature features in eyes with Behçet’s disease (BD) using optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA). Electronic databases, including PubMed, Web of Science, Embase, and Cochrane Library, were comprehensively searched for published studies comparing retinal microvasculature characteristics between eyes with BD and controls. Continuous variables were calculated using the mean difference (MD) with 95% confidence interval (CI). Review Manager software (version 5.30) was used to conduct statistical analysis. A total of 13 eligible studies involving 599 eyes with BD and 622 control eyes were included in the meta-analysis. The pooled results showed that the macular whole enface superficial and deep vessel density (VD) values measured by OCTA were significantly lower in eyes with BD than in control eyes (superficial VD: MD = − 3.05, P < 0.00001; deep VD: MD = − 4.05, P = 0.0004). The foveal superficial and deep VD values were also significantly lower in the BD group than in the control group (superficial VD: MD = − 1.50, P = 0.009; deep VD: MD = − 4.25, − = 0.03). Similarly, the analysis revealed a significant reduction in the parafoveal superficial and deep VD in eyes with BD than in control eyes (superficial VD: MD = − 3.68, P < 0.00001; deep VD: MD = − 4.95, P = 0.0007). In addition, the superficial and deep foveal avascular zones (FAZs) were significantly larger in patients with BD than in controls (superficial FAZ: MD = 0.06, P = 0.02; deep FAZ: MD = 0.12, P = 0.03). The present meta-analysis found that macular whole enface VD, foveal VD, and parafoveal VD were lower in eyes with BD, and the FAZ was larger in patients with BD. The findings suggest that OCTA can assist clinicians in diagnosing and monitoring the status of patients with BD.
BACKGROUND: It has been reported that the quality of life and diet quality in individuals with rheumatological diseases are poor and may adversely affect the course of the disease. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to compare the quality of life and diet of individuals with Behçet’s Disease (BD) compared to healthy controls. METHODS: This study was planned as a case-control study, and 60 adult patients with BD were compared with age (±1) and sex paired match healthy controls concerning the quality of life and diet. Diet quality was assessed using nutrient adequacy ratio (NAR) and the mean adequacy ratio (MAR) values calculated from 24 h dietary food recall and obesity was also evaluated by various anthropometric measurements. The Short Form-36 Health Survey (SF-36) was used to evaluate the quality of life (QoL). In addition, the 24-hour physical activities were recorded to calculate physical activity levels (PAL). Data were analyzed by SPSS 25.0 via paired sample t-test and McNemar (and McNemar-Bowkers) test. p < 0.05 was deemed significant. RESULTS: The findings showed that cases were more obese (p = 0.005), less physically active (p < 0.001), had lower QoL (p < 0.01 for all subscales) and had higher Beck depression scores (p = 0.001). Controls had higher means of energy (p < 0.001), CHO% (p = 0.025), fat% (p = 0.004), and fiber (p = 0.007) intake and mean MAR value (p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Compared to healthy controls, patients with BD were more obese, had lower QoL and lower diet quality. Therefore, people with BD should be evaluated for comorbid diseases and be supported by health professionals, such as dietitians and psychologists.
Aim To evaluate the relevance of plasma homocysteine (HC) in Behcet's disease (BD) and its clinical manifestations.
Methods Systematic review of EMBASE and PubMed databases according to PRISMA guidelines from inception to July 2021; random-effects meta-analyses for continuous outcomes.
Results The search strategy retrieved 48 case–control (2,669 BD and 2,245 control participants) and 5 cohort studies (708 BD participants). Plasma HC was higher in BD than in controls (p < 0.0001) with wide heterogeneity (I2
= 89.7%) that remained unchanged after sensitivity analysis according to year of article publication, age of BD participants, study size, study quality, method of HC determination, and male/female ratio >1.5; some pooled ethnicities explained a small part of the heterogeneity (I2
= 16.3%). Active BD participants had higher HC than inactive ones (p < 0.0001), with moderate heterogeneity (I2
= 49.2%) that disappeared after removal of an outlier study with very high disease activity. BD participants with any vascular involvement had higher HC than those without (p < 0.0001) with wide heterogeneity (I2
= 89.7%); subgroup analysis on venous thrombosis only changed neither effect size (p < 0.0001) nor heterogeneity (I2
= 72.7%). BD participants with ocular involvement had higher HC than those without (p < 0.0001) with moderate heterogeneity (I2
Conclusion Although causality cannot be inferred, the consistency of the elevation of plasma HC in BD, particularly in patients with active disease, with vascular and ocular involvement suggests an intrinsic involvement of HC in these clinical manifestations.
BackgroundThe aetiopathogeneses of Behçet’s Disease (BD) remains elusive with multifactorial genetic and epigenetic factors resulting in multisystemic disease. Oral and genital ulceration are common and influences disease outcome. We hypothesised that dysregulation of genital and oral microbial communities contributes to BD disease activity. 153 BD patients’ samples, 70 matched oral and genital (Female: Male, 58:12; mean age, 42±13.9: 39.3±10.3), 12 unmatched samples; 16s rRNA sequencing utilised and V1/V2 and V3/V4 regions analysed. BD outcomes: oral and genital ulcer severity and BD activity scores, Psychological and Social Well-being scales, Headache Impact Test-6 (HIT-6) were included. All the analyses were performed with R software. ResultsThe alpha and beta diversity had anatomical specificity, with significant differences between genital and oral samples; p values<0.05 irrespective of presence or absence of ulcers. Interestingly, in the genital area Bacteroidota were present (G_U: 29% - 10%) and (G_nU: 27% - 14%) compared to less than 1% oral area of V1/V2 and V3/V4. Proteobacteria were uniquely present with (O_U: 9%) and (O_nU: 12%) in oral, and less than 0.01% in genital area for V3/V4 region. Gender anatomical specific communities were noted: females with genital ulcers Gardnerella, Lactobacillus, Atopobium were significantly increased compared to than males, with V3/V4 analysis indicating that Lactobacillus and Gardnerella were significantly increased by 20 times in females than males (p-adj <0.05). In contrast Peptoniphilus and Corynebacterium were significantly increased in males than females. Streptococcus was significantly increased with oral ulceration, while Veillonella was significantly decreased in patients without oral ulceration. Colchicine had a significant effect on the bacterial abundance irrespective of the presence or absence of ulceration. In this cohort, the WSAS (Work and Social Adjustment Scale) values were higher in active disease. ConclusionOur results suggest that dysregulated microbial communities occur in BD. V1/V2 demonstrates that during episodes of ulceration the pathogenic bacteria genus Escherichia-Shigella appear in both oral and genital ulcers. V3/V4 outcomes show that ulceration in both regions is assigned to genus; Lachnospiraceae, Saccharimonidales, Coriobacteriales. Streptococcus is related to the presence of oral ulcers, while Veillonella is presence when patients are ulcers free may be a useful marker of disease regression.
Background: Behcet’s disease (BD) is a vasculitis with multisystem and multiorgan involvement. Cardiac involvement in BD is a rare complication with a poor outcome that manifests itself in different forms. In this study, we aimed to investigate cardiac involvement in BD.
Methods: This is a retrospective study based on cardiac manifestations in BD according to the data of the Behçet’s Disease Unit, the Rheumatology Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, from registered patients from 1975 until June 2017. Cardiac manifestations consisted of pericarditis, myocardiopathy, myocardial infarction, stable ischemic heart disease, endomyocardial fibrosis, thrombosis, and valvular and coronary involvement. All the patients’ baseline and demographic data were recorded in a designed questionnaire. The laboratory workups, imaging, and pathological tests were also performed.
Results: We studied 7650 patients with BD, of whom 51% were male. In the entire study population, 47 patients manifested cardiac involvement: valvular involvement in 6.1%, myocardial infarction in 23.4%, stable ischemic heart disease in 20%, pericarditis in 21.3%, intracardiac thrombosis in 2.1%, coronary aneurysm in 2.1%, heart failure in 12.8%, and dilated cardiomyopathy in 4.3%.
Conclusion: The prevalence of cardiac involvement in our patients with BD was 0.6%. A multidisciplinary approach can reduce mortality and morbidity rates. Consequently, we suggest that echocardiography and other cardiac diagnostic tests be routinely considered for early diagnosis and subsequent treatment.