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2022 ◽  
Vol 72 ◽  
pp. 103287
Author(s):  
Yujuan Xing ◽  
Zhenyu Liu ◽  
Gang Li ◽  
ZhiJie Ding ◽  
Bin Hu

Sensors ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 22 (2) ◽  
pp. 644
Author(s):  
Hanqing Wang ◽  
Xiaoyuan Wang ◽  
Junyan Han ◽  
Hui Xiang ◽  
Hao Li ◽  
...  

Aggressive driving behavior (ADB) is one of the main causes of traffic accidents. The accurate recognition of ADB is the premise to timely and effectively conduct warning or intervention to the driver. There are some disadvantages, such as high miss rate and low accuracy, in the previous data-driven recognition methods of ADB, which are caused by the problems such as the improper processing of the dataset with imbalanced class distribution and one single classifier utilized. Aiming to deal with these disadvantages, an ensemble learning-based recognition method of ADB is proposed in this paper. First, the majority class in the dataset is grouped employing the self-organizing map (SOM) and then are combined with the minority class to construct multiple class balance datasets. Second, three deep learning methods, including convolutional neural networks (CNN), long short-term memory (LSTM), and gated recurrent unit (GRU), are employed to build the base classifiers for the class balance datasets. Finally, the ensemble classifiers are combined by the base classifiers according to 10 different rules, and then trained and verified using a multi-source naturalistic driving dataset acquired by the integrated experiment vehicle. The results suggest that in terms of the recognition of ADB, the ensemble learning method proposed in this research achieves better performance in accuracy, recall, and F1-score than the aforementioned typical deep learning methods. Among the ensemble classifiers, the one based on the LSTM and the Product Rule has the optimal performance, and the other one based on the LSTM and the Sum Rule has the suboptimal performance.


2022 ◽  
Vol 15 ◽  
Author(s):  
Xiangxin Li ◽  
Yue Zheng ◽  
Yan Liu ◽  
Lan Tian ◽  
Peng Fang ◽  
...  

Surface electromyogram-based pattern recognition (sEMG-PR) has been considered as the most promising method to control multifunctional prostheses for decades. However, the commercial applications of sEMG-PR in prosthetic control is still limited due to the ambient noise and impedance variation between electrodes and skin surface. In order to reduce these issues, a force-myography-based pattern recognition method was proposed. In this method, a type of polymer-based flexible film sensors, the piezoelectrets, were used to record the rate of stress change (RSC) signals on the muscle surface of eight able-bodied subjects for six hand motions. Thirteen time domain features and four classification algorithms of linear discriminant analysis (LDA), K-nearest neighbor (KNN), artificial neural network (ANN), and support vector machine (SVM) were adopted to decode the RSC signals of different motion classes. In addition, the optimal feature set, classifier, and analysis window length were investigated systematically. Results showed that the average classification accuracy was 95.5 ± 2.2% by using the feature combination of root mean square (RMS) and waveform length (WL) for the classifier of KNN, and the analysis window length of 300 ms was found to obtain the best classification performance. Moreover, the robustness of the proposed method was investigated, and the classification accuracies were observed above 90% even when the white noise ratio increased to 50%. The work of this study demonstrated the effectiveness of RSC-based pattern recognition method for motion classification, and it would provide an alternative approach for the control of multifunctional prostheses.


2022 ◽  
Vol 2022 ◽  
pp. 1-11
Author(s):  
Yu Wang

In this paper, we use machine learning algorithms to conduct in-depth research and analysis on the construction of human-computer interaction systems and propose a simple and effective method for extracting salient features based on contextual information. The method can retain the dynamic and static information of gestures intact, which results in a richer and more robust feature representation. Secondly, this paper proposes a dynamic planning algorithm based on feature matching, which uses the consistency and accuracy of feature matching to measure the similarity of two frames and then uses a dynamic planning algorithm to find the optimal matching distance between two gesture sequences. The algorithm ensures the continuity and accuracy of the gesture description and makes full use of the spatiotemporal location information of the features. The features and limitations of common motion target detection methods in motion gesture detection and common machine learning tracking methods in gesture tracking are first analyzed, and then, the kernel correlation filter method is improved by designing a confidence model and introducing a scale filter, and finally, comparison experiments are conducted on a self-built gesture dataset to verify the effectiveness of the improved method. During the training and validation of the model by the corpus, the complementary feature extraction methods are ablated and learned, and the corresponding results obtained are compared with the three baseline methods. But due to this feature, GMMs are not suitable when users want to model the time structure. It has been widely used in classification tasks. By using the kernel function, the support vector machine can transform the original input set into a high-dimensional feature space. After experiments, the speech emotion recognition method proposed in this paper outperforms the baseline methods, proving the effectiveness of complementary feature extraction and the superiority of the deep learning model. The speech is used as the input of the system, and the emotion recognition is performed on the input speech, and the corresponding emotion obtained is successfully applied to the human-computer dialogue system in combination with the online speech recognition method, which proves that the speech emotion recognition applied to the human-computer dialogue system has application research value.


Author(s):  
Pei Jiang ◽  
Dongchen Wang

In order to improve the effect of e-commerce platform background speech synchronous recognition and solve the problem that traditional methods are vulnerable to sudden noise, resulting in poor recognition effect, this paper proposes a background speech synchronous recognition method based on Hidden Markov model. Combined with the principle of speech recognition, the speech feature is collected. Hidden Markov model is used to input and recognize high fidelity speech filter to ensure the effectiveness of signal processing results. Through the de-noising of e-commerce platform background voice, and the language signal cache and storage recognition, using vector graph buffer audio, through the Ethernet interface transplant related speech recognition sequence, thus realizing background speech synchronization, so as to realize the language recognition, improve the recognition accuracy. Finally, the experimental results show that the background speech synchronous recognition method based on Hidden Markov model is better than the traditional methods.


Author(s):  
Canyi Du ◽  
Rui Zhong ◽  
Yishen Zhuo ◽  
Xinyu Zhang ◽  
Feifei Yu ◽  
...  

Abstract Traditional engine fault diagnosis methods usually need to extract the features manually before classifying them by the pattern recognition method, which makes it difficult to solve the end-to-end fault diagnosis problem. In recent years, deep learning has been applied in different fields, bringing considerable convenience to technological change, and its application in the automotive field also has many applications, such as image recognition, language processing, and assisted driving. In this paper, a one-dimensional convolutional neural network (1D-CNN) in deep learning is used to process vibration signals to achieve fault diagnosis and classification. By collecting the vibration signal data of different engine working conditions, the collected data are organized into several sets of data in a working cycle, which are divided into a training sample set and a test sample set. Then, a one-dimensional convolutional neural network model is built in Python to allow the feature filter (convolution kernel) to learn the data from the training set and these convolution checks process the input data of the test set. Convolution and pooling extract features to output to a new space, which is characterized by learning features directly from the original vibration signals and completing fault diagnosis. The experimental results show that the pattern recognition method based on a one-dimensional convolutional neural network can be effectively applied to engine fault diagnosis and has higher diagnostic accuracy than traditional methods.


Author(s):  
Jun Liu ◽  
Junnian Wang ◽  
Wenxin Yu ◽  
Zhenheng Wang ◽  
Guang’an Zhong ◽  
...  

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