International Journal of Circuits, Systems and Signal Processing
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Published By North Atlantic University Union (NAUN)


Takahiro Tsuzuki ◽  
Shuji Ogata ◽  
Ryo Kobayashi ◽  
Masayuki Uranagase ◽  
Seiya Shimoi ◽  

BaTiO3 is one of the well-known ferroelectric and piezoelectric materials, which has been widely used in various devices. However, the microscopic mechanism of the ferroelectric domain growth is not understood well. We investigated the effects of point defects, mono- and di-vacancies of Ba, Ti, and O, on the domain growth of BaTiO3 using molecular dynamics simulation with the core-shell inter-atomic potential. We found the following: s(1) One kind of monovacancy, VO1, located on the TiO plane perpendicular to the applied electric field direction, acts to hinder the polarization inversion induced by the applied electric field. The monopole electric field produced by VO1 either hinders or assists the local polarization inversion in accordance with the local intensity of the total electric field. (2) The 1st-neighbor divacancies VBa-VO and VTi-VO as compared to the 2nd-neighbor divacancies asymmetrically affect the domain growth with respect to the applied electric field, making the hysteresis behavior of applied electric field vs. polarization relation. The domain grows even at a small electric field when the directions of the applied electric field and the divacancy dipole are mutually the same. (3) The domain growth speed towards the applied electric field direction is about 2 orders of magnitude higher than that towards the perpendicular direction.

Touil Abderrahim ◽  
Babaa Fatima ◽  
Bennis Ouafae ◽  
Kratz Frederic

The present paper addresses a precise and an accurate mathematical model for three-phase squirrel cage induction motors, based on winding function theory. Through an analytical development, a comparative way is presented to separate the signature between the existence of the outer race bearing fault and the static eccentricity concerning the asymmetry of the air gap between the stator and the rotor. This analytical model proposes an effective signature of outer race defect separately from other signatures of static eccentricity. Simulation and experimental results are presented to validate the proposed analytical model.

Liang Guo ◽  
Shuai Zhang ◽  
Jiankang Wu ◽  
Xinyu Gao ◽  
Mingkang Zhao ◽  

Transcranial magnetic-acoustic electrical stimulation (TMAES) is a new technology with ultrasonic waves and a static magnetic field to generate an electric current in nerve tissues to modulate neuronal firing activities. The existing neuron models only simulate a single neuron, and there are few studies on coupled neurons models about TMAES. Most of the neurons in the cerebral cortex are not isolated but are coupled to each other. It is necessary to study the information transmission of coupled neurons. The types of neuron coupled synapses include electrical synapse and chemical synapse. A neuron model without considering chemical synapses is not comprehensive. Here, we modified the Hindmarsh-Rose (HR) model to simulate the smallest nervous system—two neurons coupled electrical synapses and chemical synapses under TMAES. And the environmental variables describing the synaptic coupling between two neurons and the nonlinearity of the nervous system are also taken into account. The firing behavior of the nervous system can be modulated by changing the intensity or the modulation frequency. The results show that within a certain range of parameters, the discharge frequency of coupled neurons could be increased by altering the modulation frequency, and intensity of stimulation, modulating the excitability of neurons, reducing the response time of chemical postsynaptic neurons, and accelerating the information transferring. Moreover, the discharge frequency of neurons was selective to stimulus parameters. These results demonstrate the possible theoretical regulatory mechanism of the neurons' firing frequency characteristics by TMAES. The study establishes the foundation for large-scale neural network modeling and can be taken as the theoretical basis for TMAES experimental and clinical application.

V Shwetha ◽  
C. H. Renu Madhavi ◽  
Kumar M. Nagendra

In this research article, we have proposed a novel technique to operate on the Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) data images which can be classified as image classification, segmentation and image denoising. With the efficient utilization of MRI images the medical experts are able to identify the medical disorders such as tumors which are correspondent to the brain. The prime agenda of the study is to organize brain into healthy and brain with tumor in brain with the test MRI data as considered. The MRI based technique is an methodology to study brain tumor based information for the better detailing of the internal body images when compared to other technique such as Computed Tomography (CT).Initially the MRI image is denoised using Anisotropic diffusion filter, then MRI image is segmented using Morphological operations, to classify the images for the disorder CNN based hybrid technique is incorporated, which is associated with five different set of layers with the pairing of pooling and convolution layers for the comparatively improved performance than other existing technique. The considered data base for the designed model is a publicly available and tested KAGGLE database for the brain MRI images which has resulted in the accuracy of 88.1%.

Jiajie Dai ◽  
Qianyu Zhu ◽  
Nan Jiang ◽  
Wuyang Wang

The shared autonomous mobility-on-demand (AMoD) system is a promising business model in the coming future which provides a more efficient and affordable urban travel mode. However, to maintain the efficient operation of AMoD and address the demand and supply mismatching, a good rebalancing strategy is required. This paper proposes a reinforcement learning-based rebalancing strategy to minimize passengers’ waiting in a shared AMoD system. The state is defined as the nearby supply and demand information of a vehicle. The action is defined as moving to a nearby area with eight different directions or staying idle. A 4.6 4.4 km2 region in Cambridge, Massachusetts, is used as the case study. We trained and tested the rebalancing strategy in two different demand patterns: random and first-mile. Results show the proposed method can reduce passenger’s waiting time by 7% for random demand patterns and 10% for first-mile demand patterns.

Vanya Ivanova

In this paper a new neural model for detection of multiple network IoT-based attacks, such as DDoS TCP, UDP, and HHTP flood, is presented. It consists of feedforward multilayer network with back propagation. A general algorithm for its optimization during training is proposed, leading to proper number of neurons in the hidden layers. The Scaled Gradient Descent algorithm and the Adam optimization are studied with better classification results, obtained by the developed classifiers, using the latter. Tangent hyperbolic function appears to be proper selection for the hidden neurons. Two sets of features, gathered from aggregated records of the network traffic, are tested, containing 8 and 10 components. While more accurate results are obtained for the 10-feature set, the 8-feature set offers twice lower training time and seems applicable for real-world applications. The detection rate for 7 of 10 different network attacks, primarily various types of floods, is higher than 90% and for 3 of them – mainly reconnaissance and keylogging activities with low intensity of the generated traffic, deviates between 57% and 68%. The classifier is considered applicable for industrial implementation.

Yafei Wang

Through big data mining, enterprises can deeply understand the consumer preferences, behavior characteristics, market demand and other derived data of customers, so as to provide the basis for formulating accurate marketing strategies. Therefore, this paper proposes a marketing management big date mining method based on deep trust network model. This method first preprocesses the big data of marketing management, including data cleaning, data integration, data transformation and data reduction, and then establishes a big data mining model by using deep trust network to realize the research on the classification of marketing management data. Experimental results show that the proposed method has 99.08% accuracy, the capture rate reaches 88.11%, and the harmonic average between the accuracy and the recall rate is 89.27%, allowing for accurate marketing strategies.

Binesh Thankappan

Riemann zeta is defined as a function of a complex variable that analytically continues the sum of the Dirichlet series, when the real part is greater than unity. In this paper, the Riemann zeta associated with the finite energy possessed by a 2mm radius, free falling water droplet, crashing into a plane is considered. A modified zeta function is proposed which is incorporated to the spherical coordinates and real analysis has been performed. Through real analytic continuation, the single point of contact of the drop at the instant of touching the plane is analyzed. The zeta function is extracted at the point of destruction of the drop, where it defines a unique real function. A special property is assumed for some continuous functions, where the function’s first derivative and first integral combine together to a nullity at all points. Approximate reverse synthesis of such a function resulted in a special waveform named the dying-surge. Extending the proposed concept to general continuous real functions resulted in the synthesis of the corresponding function’s Dying-surge model. The Riemann zeta function associated with the water droplet can also be modeled as a dying–surge. The Dying- surge model corresponds to an electrical squeezing or compression of a waveform, which was originally defined over infinite arguments, squeezed to a finite number of values for arguments placed very close together with defined final and penultimate values. Synthesized results using simulation software are also presented, along with the analysis. The presence of surges in electrical circuits will correspond to electrical compression of some unknown continuous, real current or voltage function and the method can be used to estimate the original unknown function.

Xianwen Zhou ◽  
Chaoyang Gu ◽  
Yuyu Sun ◽  
Chengjing Han ◽  
Wei Gu ◽  

With the development of various physical industries, people pay more attention to reliability tests and test equipment. To solve the problem of making maintenance strategy of an environmental test chamber for reliability test, a periodic preventive maintenance strategy based on RCM(Reliability Centre Maintenance) is proposed. Firstly, a multi-objective optimization model of reliability and maintenance cost is established by combining reliability theory and life distribution theory, and two objectives of equipment reliability and maintenance cost are considered. Secondly, the actual environmental test chamber fault maintenance data is analyzed, and it is found the fault distribution meets the dual parameter Weibull. Finally, the particle swarm optimization algorithm is used to solve the multi-objective model optimization, and a series of Pareto optimal solutions are obtained, that is, the number of maintenance times and the corresponding time interval in the operation cycle of the environmental test chamber, and these solutions might be good references for maintenance management personnel.

Wei Li ◽  
Wei Hu ◽  
Kun Hu ◽  
Qiang Qin

The Surface electromyography (sEMG) signal is a kind of electrical signal which generated by human muscles during contraction. It is prone to being affected by noise because of its small amplitude, so it is necessary to remove the noise in its original signal with an appropriate algorithm. Based on the traditional signal denoising indicators, a new complex indicator r has been proposed in this paper which combines three different indicator parameters, that is, Signal to Noise Ratio (SNR), correlation coefficient (R), and standard error (SE). At the same time, an adaptive ensemble empirical mode decomposition (EEMD) method named AIO-EEMD which based on the proposed indicator is represented later. To verify the effective of the proposed algorithm, an electromyography signal acquisition circuit is designed firstly for collecting the original sEMG signal. Then, the denosing performance from the designed method is been compared with empirical mode decomposition (EMD) method and wavelet transform noise reduction method, respectively. The experiment results shown that the designed algorithm can not only automatically get the numbers of the reconstructed signal numbers, but also obtain the best reduction performance.

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