dark energy
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Bikash Chandra Paul ◽  
A. Chanda ◽  
Sunil Maharaj ◽  
Aroonkumar Beesham

Abstract Cosmological models are obtained in a $f(R)$ modified gravity with a coupled Gauss-Bonnet (GB) terms in the gravitational action. The dynamical role of the GB terms is explored with a coupled dilaton field in two different cases (I) $f(R)= R + \gamma R^2- \lambda \left( \frac{R}{3m_s^2} \right)^{\delta}$ where $\gamma$, $\lambda$ and $\delta$ are arbitrary constants and (II) $f(R)=R$ and estimate the constraints on the model parameters. In the first case we choose GB terms coupled with a free scalar field in the presence of interacting fluid and in the second case GB terms coupled with scalar field in a self interacting potential to compare the observed universe. The evolutionary scenario of the universe is obtained adopting a numerical technique as the field equations are highly non-linear. Defining a new density parameter $\Omega_{H}$, a ratio of the dark energy density to the present energy density of the non-relativistic matter, we look for a late accelerating universe. The state finder parameters $\Omega_{H}$, deceleration parameter ($q$), jerk parameter ($j$) are plotted. It is noted that a non-singular universe with oscillating cosmological parameters for a given strength of interactions is admitted in Model-I. The gravitational coupling constant $\lambda$ is playing an important role. The Lagrangian density of $f(R)$ is found to dominate over the GB terms when oscillating phase of dark energy arises. In Model-II, we do not find oscillation of the cosmological parameters as the universe evolves. In the presence of interaction the energy from radiation sector of matter cannot flow to the other two sectors of fluid. The range of values of the strengths of interaction of the fluids are estimated for a stable universe assuming the primordial gravitational wave speed equal to unity.

2022 ◽  
Vol 105 (2) ◽  
L. F. Secco ◽  
S. Samuroff ◽  
E. Krause ◽  
B. Jain ◽  
J. Blazek ◽  

2022 ◽  
Vol 105 (2) ◽  
A. Amon ◽  
D. Gruen ◽  
M. A. Troxel ◽  
N. MacCrann ◽  
S. Dodelson ◽  

2022 ◽  
Vol 105 (2) ◽  
T. M. C. Abbott ◽  
M. Aguena ◽  
A. Alarcon ◽  
S. Allam ◽  
O. Alves ◽  

Giridhari Deogharia ◽  
Mayukh Bandyopadhyay ◽  
Ritabrata Biswas

The main aim of this work is to give a suitable explanation of present accelerating universe through an acceptable interactive dynamical cosmological model. A three-fluid cosmological model is introduced in the background of Friedmann–Lemaître–Robertson-Walker asymptotically flat spacetime. This model consists of interactive dark matter and dark energy with baryonic matter, taken as perfect fluid, satisfying barotropic equation of state. We consider dust as the candidate of dark matter. A scalar field [Formula: see text] represents dark energy with potential [Formula: see text]. Einstein’s field equations are utilized to construct a three-dimensional interactive autonomous system by choosing suitable interaction between dark energy and dark matter. We take the interaction kernel as [Formula: see text], where [Formula: see text] indicates the density of dark energy, [Formula: see text] is the interacting constant and [Formula: see text] is Hubble parameter. In order to explain the stability of this system, we obtain some suitable critical points. We analyze stability of obtained critical points to show the different phases of universe and cosmological implications. Surprisingly, we find some stable critical points which represent late-time dark energy-dominated era when a model parameter [Formula: see text] is equal to [Formula: see text]. We introduce a two-dimensional interactive autonomous system and after phase portrait analysis of it, we get several stable points which represent dark energy-dominated era and late-time cosmic acceleration simultaneously. Here, we also demonstrate the variation in interaction at vicinity of phantom barrier [Formula: see text]. From our work, we can also predict the future phase evolution of the universe.

Rabinarayan Swain ◽  
Priyasmita Panda ◽  
Hena Priti Lima ◽  
Bijayalaxmi Kuanar ◽  
Biswajit Dalai

Detection of Gravitational waves opened a new path for cosmological study in a new approach. From the detection of gravitational waves signal by advanced LIGO, its research climbed the peak. After the collaboration of LIGO and Virgo, several observations get collected from different sources of binary systems like black holes, binary neutron stars even both binary black hole and neutron star. The rigorous detection of gravitational signals may provide an additional thrust in the study of complex binary systems, dark matter, dark energy, Hubble constant, etc. In this review paper, we went through multiple research manuscripts to analyze gravitational wave signals. Here we have reviewed the history and current situation of gravitational waves detection, and we explained the concept and process of detection. Also, we go through different parts of a detector and their working. Then multiple gravitational wave signals are focused, originated from various sources and then found correlation between them. From this, the contribution of gravitational waves in different fields like complex binary systems (black holes, neutron stars), dark matter, dark energy and Hubble Constant have been discussed in this manuscript.

Elham Nouri ◽  
Hossein Motavalli ◽  
Amin Rezaei Akbarieh

In this paper, a generalized tachyonic dark energy scenario is presented in the framework of a homogeneous and isotropic Friedmann–Lemaître–Robertson–Walker (FLRW) flat universe, in which a noncanonical scalar field is coupled to gravity nonminimally. By utilizing the Noether symmetry method, we found the explicit form of both potential density and coupling function, as a function of the scalar field. It is found that the tachyon field acts as the source of inflation and accelerates the evolution of the universe in the early times considerably. While, in the late times, gravitational sources are a pressureless matter field together with the tachyon field, which is the nature of dark energy and plays an essential role in the deceleration-acceleration phase transition of the universe. Further, the role of the coefficient function of tachyon potential, alongside the potential, is considered in the evolution of the universe. It is shown that this model involves a cosmological degeneracy in the sense that different coupling parameters and tachyonic potentials may be equivalent to the same cosmological standards such as the cosmic acceleration, age, equation of state and mean Hubble of the FLRW universe. The physical characteristics of the main cosmological observables are studied in detail, which suggests that the generalized tachyon field is a remarkable dark energy candidate.

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