knee joint
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2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (3) ◽  
pp. 625-629
Author(s):  
Chunpei Ou ◽  
Pengfei Chen ◽  
Jinqi Song ◽  
Xuefeng Deng ◽  
Feiqiang Chen ◽  
...  

Osteoarthritis (OA) is a degenerative disease of joints commonly occurring in the elderly and middleaged people. This study aimed to investigate the effect of recombinant human endostatin (rhEndo) on OA and the levels of MMP-13, IL-1 and IL-6 in the synovial fluid in osteoarthritis rats. OA models were made by injecting 4% papain into the knee joint cavity of rats once every three days for three times. The models were then injected subcutaneously with rhEndo and examined six weeks later for the Mankin scores and levels of MMP-13, IL-1 and IL-6 using ELISA. Compared with control, the Mankin score as well as the levels of IL-1, IL-6 and MMP-13 were significantly increased in the models (0.30 vs. 5.80, 1.12 vs. 12.84 pg/ mL, 12.22 vs. 43.82 pg/ mL and 0.23 vs. 26.31 ng/ mL). Following treatment with 4 mg/kg rhEndo, the Mankin score in model decreased to 0.90, meanwhile, the levels of IL-1, IL-6 and MMP-13 decreased significantly to 0.79 pg/ mL, 2.89 pg/mL and 1.17 ng/mL, respectively, in a dose dependent manner. Therefore, rhEndo can alleviate osteoarthritis by reducing MMP-13, IL-1 and IL-6 expression in rats.


Author(s):  
Fadi Al Khatib ◽  
Afif Gouissem ◽  
Raouf Mbarki ◽  
Malek Adouni

Knee osteoarthritis (OA) is a growing source of pain and disability. Obesity is the most important avoidable risk factor underlying knee OA. The processes by which obesity impacts osteoarthritis are of tremendous interest to osteoarthritis researchers and physicians, where the joint mechanical load is one of the pathways generally thought to cause or intensify the disease process. In the current work, we developed a hybrid framework that simultaneously incorporates a detailed finite element model of the knee joint within a musculoskeletal model to compute lower extremity muscle forces and knee joint stresses in normal-weight (N) and obese (OB) subjects during the stance phase gait. This model accounts for the synergy between the active musculature and passive structures. In comparing OB subjects and normal ones, forces significantly increased in all muscle groups at most instances of stance. Mainly, much higher activation was computed with lateral hamstrings and medial gastrocnemius. Cartilage contact average pressure was mostly supported by the medial plateau and increased by 22%, with a larger portion of the load transmitted via menisci. This medial compartment experienced larger relative movement and cartilage stresses in the normal subjects and continued to do so with a higher level in the obese subjects. Finally, the developed bioengineering frame and the examined parameters during this investigation might be useful clinically in evaluating the initiation and propagation of knee OA.


Cureus ◽  
2022 ◽  
Author(s):  
Saurabh Chaudhary ◽  
Sanjeev K Jain ◽  
Nidhi Sharma ◽  
Supriti Bhatnagar

2022 ◽  
Vol 25 (3) ◽  
Author(s):  
Kinga Żmijewska ◽  
Alicja Fąfara ◽  
Jarosław Feluś ◽  
Artur Gądek

Introduction: Discoid meniscus is a structure with altered shape, which causes it to frequently undergo injuries and lesions. Pain, limping, limited range of motion of the knee joint and swelling are characteristic signs of this pathology. Therapeutic possibilities include meniscectomy and saucerisation. Research objective: The study aim was assessment of the therapeutic effectiveness in a patient after saucerisation of discoid meniscus. Material and methods: A 12-year-old female patient after saucerisation of lower left limb lateral discoid meniscus (type I) was subjected to 32-week physical therapy treatment. Testing included determining the range of knee joint flexion and extension movements, as well as measuring the circumference of the lower extremities 15 cm above the patella. The Kujala Score (Anterior Knee Pain Scale) and Ikeuchi grading system were employed during the 1st, 3rd, 8th, 21st and 32nd weeks postoperatively. Results: In the final stage of physical therapy, complete range of knee joint motion was achieved, the Kujala Scale score totalled 98 points and the thigh circumference of the operated limb increased by 4 cm. The circumferences of the lower extremities differed by 2 cm in the final phase of physical therapy. Conclusions: The employed postoperative protocol effectively influenced the functional state of the patient.


2022 ◽  
Vol 8 (1) ◽  
pp. 130-141
Author(s):  
S. Dzhumabekov ◽  
Zh. Shambetov

Comparison of the techniques of valgus osteotomy with resection osteotomy of the fibula in combination with sanitation arthroscopy. Resection of the fibula, debridement arthroscopy is characterized by minimally invasiveness, targeted therapeutic effect on the focus of destruction of the cartilaginous cover, removal of inflammatory mediators with abundant lavage, low-trauma intervention. Abrasive chondroplasty, subchondral tunneling during arthroscopy make it possible to create conditions for reparative processes, and the formation of hyaline-like cartilage in the defect zone. Corrective osteotomy may result in fractures of the tibial plateau, fractures of the cortical loop (instability of fixation), false joints, and fractures of metal structures.


2022 ◽  
Vol 2022 ◽  
pp. 1-8
Author(s):  
Zutong Wu ◽  
Jianwen Yin ◽  
Yajia Yue ◽  
Yiqun Zhang

We investigated the application effect of different concentrations of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) combined with quadriceps training on cartilage repair of knee osteoarthritis. Data of 37 patients with knee osteoarthritis (KOA) treated in our hospital (November 2019–February 2021) were retrospectively analyzed and the patients were divided into low concentration group (LCG) (n = 12), medium concentration group (MCG) (n = 12), and high concentration group (HCG) (n = 13) according to the order of admission. All patients received quadriceps training. Three groups above received knee injection of PRP, and the platelet concentrations were 1000–1400 × 109/L, 1400–1800 × 109/L, and 1800–2100 × 109/L, respectively. Articular cartilage thickness of the medial and lateral femur, knee joint function scores, inflammatory factor levels, and matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) levels were compared. After treatment, compared with the MCG and HCG, articular cartilage thickness of the medial and lateral femur of the diseased side in the LCG was obviously lower ( P < 0.05 ). At 2 months after treatment (T3), compared with the HCG, articular cartilage thickness of the medial and lateral femur of the diseased side in the MCG was obviously higher ( P < 0.05 ), without remarkable difference in articular cartilage thickness of the medial and lateral femur of the healthy side among three groups ( P > 0.05 ). After treatment, compared with the LCG, knee joint function scores of the MCG and HCG were obviously better ( P < 0.001 ). Compared with the HCG, the knee function score at T3 in the MCG was obviously better ( P < 0.001 ). After treatment, compared with the LCG, inflammatory factor levels and levels of MMPs in the MCG and HCG were obviously lower ( P < 0.05 ). Compared with the HCG, inflammatory factor levels and levels of MMPs at T3 in the MCG were obviously lower ( P < 0.05 ). PRP combined with quadriceps training can accelerate cartilage repair of patients with KOA and reduce inflammatory factor levels and levels of MMPs, but the treatment effect of PRP depends on platelet concentration, with the best range of 1400–1800 × 109/L. Too high or too low platelet concentrations will affect recovery of knee function.


2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (1) ◽  
Author(s):  
Ji Hyun Lee ◽  
Young Cheol Yoon ◽  
Hyun Su Kim ◽  
Jiyeong Lee ◽  
Eunju Kim ◽  
...  

AbstractThis study aimed to investigate whether in vivo MR-electrical properties tomography (MR-EPT) is feasible in musculoskeletal tissues by evaluating the conductivity of muscle, cartilage, and peripheral nerve around the knee joint, and to explore whether these measurements change after exercise. This prospective study was approved by the institutional review board. On February 2020, ten healthy volunteers provided written informed consent and underwent MRI of the right knee using a three-dimensional balanced steady-state free precession (bSSFP) sequence. To test the effect of loading, the subjects performed 60 squatting exercises after baseline MRI, immediately followed by post-exercise MRI with the same sequences. After reconstruction of conductivity map based on the bSSFP sequence, conductivity of muscles, cartilages, and nerves were measured. Measurements between the baseline and post-exercise MRI were compared using the paired t-test. Test–retest reliability for baseline conductivity was evaluated using the intraclass correlation coefficient. The baseline and post-exercise conductivity values (mean ± standard deviation) [S/m] of muscles, cartilages, and nerves were 1.73 ± 0.40 and 1.82 ± 0.50 (p = 0.048), 2.29 ± 0.47 and 2.51 ± 0.37 (p = 0.006), and 2.35 ± 0.57 and 2.36 ± 0.57 (p = 0.927), respectively. Intraclass correlation coefficient for the baseline conductivity of muscles, cartilages, and nerves were 0.89, 0.67, and 0.89, respectively. In conclusion, in vivo conductivity measurement of musculoskeletal tissues is feasible using MR-EPT. Conductivity of muscles and cartilages significantly changed with an overall increase after exercise.


2022 ◽  
Author(s):  
Marco Sorrentino ◽  
Davide Ferrari

Abstract Background T.E.C.a.R (Transfer of Energy Capacitive and Resistive) Therapy (TT) is a form of endogenous thermotherapy based on radio waves 1 . It is a non-invasive procedure, that makes use of a machine able to stimulate heat inside the body to repair the inflammatory processes. Although being well known in the physiotherapy and massage therapy ambient for its benefic effects, which are still not very explored especially physiological and biochemical ones; TT is commonly used by therapists for musculoskeletal diseases. Anyhow, TT is often used as a palliative remedy for musculoskeletal disease, or linked with an ibuprofen or antidolorific medical therapy, and not as a main cure. Current literature still lacks objective ways to evaluate TT treatment. This study aims to create an evaluating Scale for the knee joint lesions treated with TT, for athletes or sports enthusiasts. Methods PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane Library databases were screened to perform an extensive review. PRISMA guidelines were applied, and the risk of bias was assessed, as was the methodological quality of the included studies. 25 articles were reviewed. 178 patients (total amount of clinic cases in PubMed, Embase and Cochrane Library articles combined) have decreased their pain after a long-term TT treatment (> 3 or 5 sessions). Results Knee joint is often affected by non-sportive or sportive musculoskeletal lesions. ((At this point, not only the TT articles were reviewed, but also all the articles (122) that included these key aspects)). Six items were selected to evaluate the efficacy of TT on the impaired joint: Range of Motion (ROM), %MVIC of quadriceps, biceps femoris and gastrocnemius, Cincinnati Rating Scale System (CRSS), NRS Pain Scale, Muscle Fiber Orientation (MFO) and %Trigger Points. Conclusions Our study allows to build a new treatment methodology with TT. It guarantees the therapist to structure a long-lasting follow-up, which is not limited to the simple use of the machine. Applying this methodology, the patient receives a treatment that is not limited, but built on his own needs thanks to the distribution of the summing scores, strictly dependent on the type of clinical case that the therapist finds. Thanks to the six items we inserted in T.T.E.S.S.K. (“Tecar Therapy Evaluation Score System of the Knee”), every aspect of a musculotendinous pathology is recognized, and might be treated with TT by therapists.


2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (1) ◽  
Author(s):  
Nathalie Accart ◽  
Janet Dawson ◽  
Michael Obrecht ◽  
Christian Lambert ◽  
Manuela Flueckiger ◽  
...  

AbstractThe objective of this work was to assess the consequences of repeated intra-articular injection of monosodium urate (MSU) crystals with inflammasome priming by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) in order to simulate recurrent bouts of gout in rats. Translational imaging was applied to simultaneously detect and quantify injury in different areas of the knee joint. MSU/LPS induced joint swelling, synovial membrane thickening, fibrosis of the infrapatellar fat pad, tidemark breaching, and cartilage invasion by inflammatory cells. A higher sensitivity to mechanical stimulus was detected in paws of limbs receiving MSU/LPS compared to saline-injected limbs. In MSU/LPS-challenged joints, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed increased synovial fluid volume in the posterior region of the joint, alterations in the infrapatellar fat pad reflecting a progressive decrease of fat volume and fibrosis formation, and a significant increase in the relaxation time T2 in femoral cartilage, consistent with a reduction of proteoglycan content. MRI also showed cyst formation in the tibia, femur remodeling, and T2 reductions in extensor muscles consistent with fibrosis development. Repeated intra-articular MSU/LPS injections in the rat knee joint induced pathology in multiple tissues and may be a useful means to investigate the relationship between urate crystal deposition and the development of degenerative joint disease.


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