European Spine Journal
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Published By Springer-Verlag

1432-0932, 0940-6719
Updated Sunday, 17 October 2021

André Pontes-Silva ◽  
Mariana Arias Avila ◽  
Cid André Fidelis-de-Paula-Gomes ◽  
Almir Vieira Dibai-Filho

Louise Fawcett ◽  
Steven James ◽  
Rajesh Botchu ◽  
James Martin ◽  
Nicola R. Heneghan ◽  

Abstract Purpose To investigate whether upright magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has a role in defining thoracolumbar spine pathology in elite gymnastics. Methods A prospective cross-sectional observational study of National Senior and Junior Artistic gymnasts in three MRI positions (standard supine, upright flexed and extended positions). Two specialist musculoskeletal radiologists independently analysed images with neutral as a baseline with the effects of flexion and extension reported in line with Strengthening the Reporting of Observational Studies in Epidemiology (STROBE) statement. Results Forty (18 males) gymnasts aged 13–24 years with a mean (SD) of 32 (5.3) training hours per week consented with 75% showing MRI abnormalities. Degenerative disc disease (DDD) was evident in 55% participants with vertebral end plate (VEP) changes in 42.5%. Spondylolysis was present in 40% with an additional 17% showing chronic bilateral complete L5 pars defects. 23% participants demonstrated different MRI findings in upright flexion compared to neutral. Conclusion Findings suggest a high levels of MRI abnormalities in elite gymnastics including altered disc morphology and posterior element abnormalities. High prevalence of T11/12 DDD and VEP changes reflects the thoracolumbar junction being a transition zone. Upright MRI and varying spine position offer promise for enhanced visualisation of posterior element abnormalities.

Sho Masuda ◽  
Akinobu Suzuki ◽  
Shinji Takahashi ◽  
Koji Tamai ◽  
Hiroaki Nakamura

Tommi Yrjälä ◽  
Linda Helenius ◽  
Markku Taittonen ◽  
Hanna Oksanen ◽  
Heli Keskinen ◽  

Abstract Purpose To determine predictors for postoperative urinary retention in adolescents undergoing posterior spinal fusion for idiopathic scoliosis. Postoperative urinary retention affects almost every third adolescent after spinal fusion for idiopathic scoliosis. There are limited data regarding the risk factors of postoperative urinary retention in this patient group. Methods A retrospective study with prospectively collected urinary retention data from paediatric spine register with 159 consecutive patients (114 females, mean age 15.6 years, range 10–21 years) undergoing pedicle screw instrumentation for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis at a university hospital between May 2010 and April 2020. Postoperative urinary retention was defined as an inability to void after catheter removal and documented residual over 300 mL as confirmed using an ultrasound or by catheterization. Results Postoperative urinary retention was diagnosed in 33% (53 of 159) of the patients during hospital stay. Opioid amount on the day of catheter removal (OR 6.74 [95% CI: 2.47, 18.36], p < 0.001), male gender (OR 2.26 [95% CI: 1.01, 5.05], p = 0.048), and increasing weight (OR 1.04 [95% CI: 1.01, 1.07], p = 0.014) were associated with postoperative urinary retention. Mean opioid consumption on the day of catheter removal was 0.81 mg/kg (95% CI: 0.66, 0.96) in the retention group vs 0.57 mg/kg (95% CI: 0.51, 0.64) in the non-retention group, p < 0.001. Conclusions Higher total opioid consumption, opioid amount on the day of catheter removal, higher weight, and male gender increases the risk of postoperative urinary retention in adolescents with idiopathic scoliosis undergoing posterior spinal fusion.

Niek Djuric ◽  
Shanmuganathan Rajasekaran ◽  
Chitra Tangavel ◽  
Muthurajan Raveendran ◽  
Dilip Chand Raja Soundararajan ◽  

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