Element Analysis
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Emre Teker ◽  
Mohd Danish ◽  
Munish Kumar Gupta ◽  
Mustafa Kuntoğlu ◽  
Mehmet Erdi Korkmaz

AbstractIn this paper, the constitutive equation parameters (Johnson–Cook parameters) of the 33MnCrB5 material were determined with the help of tensile tests. Initially, Johnson–Cook (JC) model was used for performing the simulations of the sample with finite element analysis with the help of ANSYS software. For these operations, the sample was first used at a certain temperature (24 °C) and low strain rates (10−1, 10−2, 10−3 s−1) and quasi-static tensile tests were performed. Then, high temperature tensile tests were performed with strain rate values of 10−3 s−1 at temperatures of 300 °C, 600 °C, and 900 °C, respectively. Finally, JC parameters belonging to test materials were found in accordance with the results obtained from the high temperature tensile and quasi-static tests. In the last stage, the results obtained from the simulation software for the yield stress, maximum stress, and elongation values were compared with the experimental results. As a result, deviation values for quasi-static tests are calculated as 5.04% at yield stress, 5.57% at maximum stress, and 5.68% at elongation, while for high temperature, yield stress is 9.42%, maximum stress is 11.49% and the elongation value is 7.63%. The accuracy of JC parameters was verified with the comparison made with the obtained data.

Materials ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 14 (23) ◽  
pp. 7380
Savin Dorin Ionesi ◽  
Luminita Ciobanu ◽  
Catalin Dumitras ◽  
Manuela Avadanei ◽  
Ionut Dulgheriu ◽  

Composite materials reinforced with textile fabrics represent a complex subject. When explaining these materials, one must consider their mechanical behavior in general, and impact resistance in particular, as many applications are characterized by dynamic strains. Impact characteristics must be considered from the early stages of the design process in order to be controlled through structure, layer deposition and direction. Reinforcement materials are essential for the quality and behavior of composites, and textile reinforcements present a large range of advantages. It takes a good understanding of the requirements specific to an application to accurately design textile reinforcements. Currently, simulations of textile reinforcements and composites are efficient tools to forecast their behavior during both processing and use. The paper presents the steps that must be followed for modelling the impact behavior of composite materials, using finite element analysis (FEM). The FEM model built using Deform 3D software offers information concerning the behavior structure during impact. The behavior can be visualized for the structure as a whole and, for different sections, be considered significant. Furthermore, the structure’s strain can be visualized at any moment. In real impact tests, this is not possible due to the very short time interval and the impossibility to record inside the structure, as well as to record all significant stages using conventional means.

Shinara Utegenova

Purpose The aim of this study is to investigate the implementation of the sliding-line technique (SLT) in a generic two-dimensional (2D) nonlinear adaptive magnetic equivalent circuit (MEC) model predicting the electromagnetic force evolution of a linear bistable electromagnetic actuator technology. Design/methodology/approach The developed MEC model considers the saturation effect and the auto-adjustability of the spatial discretisation. The connection between static and mobile zones is ensured by an approach known as “air-gap sliding-line technique”, which is widely used for rotary electric motor models. To the best of the author’s knowledge, that is the first time that the SLT is implemented on an electromagnetic structure with linear motion. Findings It was found that, in case of a linear actuator with a relatively small working stroke, the implementation of the SLT could lead to some non-negligible inaccuracies. Originality/value To solve the above-mentioned problem, it was proposed to investigate the implementation of a single SLT vs double SLT. The results of the MEC models were compared with the 2D finite-element analysis (FEA) as well as with the experimental test results. The developed semi-analytical models can be easily adapted to other topologies of linear electromagnetic machines.

2021 ◽  
Xiaolin Zhang ◽  
Tianyi Guan ◽  
Lei Fan ◽  
Na Wang ◽  
Li Shang ◽  

2021 ◽  
Lianzhou Yu ◽  
Xiaolin Zhang ◽  
Bo Zhang ◽  
Tianyi Guan

Crystals ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 11 (12) ◽  
pp. 1490
Kuo-Chih Chuang ◽  
Dan-Feng Wang ◽  
Jun-Jie Liu ◽  
Chan-Yi Liao

It is known that a propagating wave at a certain spatial point can be decomposed into plane waves propagating at different angles. In this work, by designing a gradient index phononic crystal lens (GRIN PCL) with transverse-continuous leaf-like unit cells, we theoretically and experimentally show that the spatial-domain propagating waves in finite periodic structures can be linked to their time-domain vibration behaviors. The full-field instantaneous focusing behaviors of Lamb waves in the proposed leaf-like GRIN PCL give an example of the wave-vibration linkage in finite periodic structures while allowing a certain complexity. The conclusion in this paper can help one skip iterative time-consuming finite element analysis (e.g., time-stepping solutions) to avoid possible numerical instabilities occurred in calculating transient wave field on practical finite metamaterials or phononic crystals having unit cells with complicated configurations.

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