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2022 ◽  
Vol 11 (2) ◽  
pp. 1-11
Oumaima Laghzali ◽  
Gargi Shankar Nayak ◽  
Flavien Mouillard ◽  
Patrick Masson ◽  
Geneviève Pourroy ◽  

A cranio-maxillofacial region contains several bones and serves to protect and support the area, from the brain to the masticatory system. In this paper the clinical and research aspects of craniomaxillofacial biomaterials have been highlighted to serve as a guide into the wide world of their reconstructions. After a quick look into the anatomy, the review focuses on the causes of large bone defects in this region, and how they influence the designing process of the implant. Since it is a large area to unfold, only the maxillary, the mandible and the temporomandibular joints are highlighted. Understanding the biomechanics of mandible and temporomandibular joints is quite important, as it strongly influences the choice of the biomaterial. Thus, the latest techniques implemented to understand the biomechanics of the mandible are also highlighted. Via the finite element analysis, a simulation can help to identify the forces and the movements of the mandible and to predict the possible outcome of the implantation influencing the choice of the biomaterial.

2022 ◽  
Vol 236 ◽  
pp. 111544
Meriç Fırat ◽  
Hariharsudan Sivaramakrishnan Radhakrishnan ◽  
María Recamán Payo ◽  
Patrick Choulat ◽  
Hussein Badran ◽  

Syed Mustafaa M ◽  
Sathish M ◽  
Nivedha S ◽  
Magribatul Noora A K ◽  

Carry Select Adder (CSLA) is known to be the fastest adder among the conventional adder structure, which uses multiple narrow adders. CSLA has a great scope of reducing area, power consumption, speed and delay. From the structure of regular CSLA using RCA, it consumes large area and power. This proposed work uses a simple and dynamic Gate Level Implementation which reduces the area, delay, power and speed of the regular CSLA. Based on a modified CSLA using BEC the implementation of 8-b, 16-b, 32-b square root CSLA (SQRT CSLA) architecture have been developed. In order to reduce the area and power consumption in a great way we proposed a design using binary to excess 1 converter (BEC). This paper proposes an dynamic method which replaces a BEC using Common Boolean Logic.

2022 ◽  
Vol 141 ◽  
pp. 106405
Pavol Ďurina ◽  
Tomáš Plecenik ◽  
Tomáš Roch ◽  
Veronika Medvecká ◽  
Martin Truchlý ◽  

2022 ◽  
Vol 505 ◽  
pp. 119902
Alexander Christian Vibrans ◽  
Laio Zimermann Oliveira ◽  
André Luís de Gasper ◽  
Débora Vanessa Lingner ◽  
Lauri Amândio Schorn ◽  

Amritanshu Shekhar

Abstract: A forest is a type of ecosystem in which there is high density of trees occupying a relatively large area of land. An ecosystem is an ecological unit consisting of a biotic community together with it’s a biotic environment. In the case of forest, tress dominant the biotic landscape, although there are also other plants and animals. There are many types of forest, such as tropical, evergreen, deciduous and dry forest based on the climatic condition and types of trees present. Forests provide innumerable values to people, provide aspects that address both physical needs as well as the internal nature of people. Forest help cleanse the air by intercepting airborne particles, reducing heat, and absorbing such pollutants as carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide and nitrogen dioxide. Trees remove this air pollution by lowering air temperature, through respiration, and by retaining particulates. Erosion control has always started with tree and grass planting projects. Tree roots bind the soil and their leaves break the force of wind and rain on soil. Trees fight soil erosion, conserve rainwater and reduce water runoff and sediment deposit after storms. Herbs, shrubs and trees in the forests hold the topmost layer firmly by their roots. This does not allow natural forces like wind and water to carry away the topmost fertile layer of the soil easily. Hence, Forests prevent soil erosion. With forest conservation, animal species, insects and all the biodiversity of natural areas is protected. It is noteworthy that these beings and the local vegetation exert influence on conservation beyond deforestation and the regional climate, even interfering with the health of the local community. Keywords: Forest, Natural Resources, Implementation, Ecological Balance, Significance, Deforestation, Climatic Condition

2022 ◽  
Vol 8 ◽  
Ruizheng Hao ◽  
Yongxin Huo ◽  
Hui Wang ◽  
Wei Liu

BackgroundTo explore the clinical effect of digital dorsal fascial island flap combined with crossfinger flap to repair distal degloving injury and sensory reconstruction.MethodsA total of 19 patients with distal fingertip degloving injuries treated with digital dorsal fascial island flap combined with crossfinger flap in our hospital from April 2018 to August 2020 were retrospectively included. Semmes–Weinstein (SW) monofilament and static two-point discrimination (S-2PD) tests, active range-of-motion (ROM) of the fingers, cold intolerance, visual analog scale (VAS) score patient complications, and patient satisfaction were evaluated.ResultsFive cases with post-operative flap blisters were treated at the time of dressing changes until successful scab formation. Three cases with post-operative arterial crisis of finger arterial dorsal branch vessel were relieved after suture removal and tension reduction. All other skin flaps and skin grafts survived. Nineteen patients received follow-up between 3 and 26 months (average 14.6 months). The active ROM of metacarpophalangeal (MCP) and interphalangeal (IP) joints of the injured fingers were satisfactory.ConclusionThe digital dorsal fascial island flap combined with the crossfinger flap for repairing the distal degloving injury of the distal segment of the finger is a good surgical method, which is simple and easy to operate, can repair a large area of soft tissue defect, and obtain a satisfactory effect.

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