the brain
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Author(s):  
Nagashree Nagesh ◽  
Premjyoti Patil ◽  
Shantakumar Patil ◽  
Mallikarjun Kokatanur

The brainchild in any medical image processing lied in how accurately the diseases are diagnosed. Especially in the case of neural disorders such as autism spectrum disorder (ASD), accurate detection was still a challenge. Several noninvasive neuroimaging techniques provided experts information about the functionality and anatomical structure of the brain. As autism is a neural disorder, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the brain gave a complex structure and functionality. Many machine learning techniques were proposed to improve the classification and detection accuracy of autism in MRI images. Our work focused mainly on developing the architecture of convolution neural networks (CNN) combining the genetic algorithm. Such artificial intelligence (AI) techniques were very much needed for training as they gave better accuracy compared to traditional statistical methods.


2022 ◽  
Vol 11 (2) ◽  
pp. 1-11
Author(s):  
Oumaima Laghzali ◽  
Gargi Shankar Nayak ◽  
Flavien Mouillard ◽  
Patrick Masson ◽  
Geneviève Pourroy ◽  
...  

A cranio-maxillofacial region contains several bones and serves to protect and support the area, from the brain to the masticatory system. In this paper the clinical and research aspects of craniomaxillofacial biomaterials have been highlighted to serve as a guide into the wide world of their reconstructions. After a quick look into the anatomy, the review focuses on the causes of large bone defects in this region, and how they influence the designing process of the implant. Since it is a large area to unfold, only the maxillary, the mandible and the temporomandibular joints are highlighted. Understanding the biomechanics of mandible and temporomandibular joints is quite important, as it strongly influences the choice of the biomaterial. Thus, the latest techniques implemented to understand the biomechanics of the mandible are also highlighted. Via the finite element analysis, a simulation can help to identify the forces and the movements of the mandible and to predict the possible outcome of the implantation influencing the choice of the biomaterial.


2022 ◽  
Vol 17 (3) ◽  
pp. 696-699
Author(s):  
Naveed Majd ◽  
Michael Simon ◽  
Raquel Wagman ◽  
Lyle Gesner

2022 ◽  
Author(s):  
Fernando Vidal

Performing Brains on Screen deals with film enactments and representations of the belief that human beings are essentially their brains, a belief that embodies one of the most influential modern ways of understanding the human. Films have performed brains in two chief ways: by turning physical brains into protagonists, as in the “brain movies” of the 1950, which show terrestrial or extra-terrestrial disembodied brains carrying out their evil intentions; or by giving brains that remain unseen inside someone’s head an explicitly major role, as in brain transplantation films or their successors since the 1980s, in which brain contents are transferred and manipulated by means of information technology. Through an analysis of filmic genres and particular movies, Performing Brains on Screen documents this neglected filmic universe, and demonstrates how the cinema has functioned as a cultural space where a core notion of the contemporary world has been rehearsed and problematized.


2022 ◽  
Vol 17 (3) ◽  
pp. 544-548
Author(s):  
Hajime Yokota ◽  
Hiroki Mukai ◽  
Shinya Hattori ◽  
Kenji Ohira ◽  
Akio Higuchi ◽  
...  

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