market liquidity
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2022 ◽  
Vol 120 ◽  
pp. 102476
Ingomar Krohn ◽  
Vladyslav Sushko

2022 ◽  
Vol 14 (3) ◽  
pp. 1
Edward Alabie Borteye ◽  
Williams Kwasi Peprah

The study confirms the debate on whether stock market development correlates to economic growth. The dimensions used for the stock market development consisted of market liquidity, size, and capitalization. Economic growth was represented by the real gross domestic product (GDP) growth rate. Based on secondary data obtained from the Ghana Stock Exchange (GSE) and Ghana Statistical Service from 2014 to 2018, a correlational research design was adopted to analyze the data with SPSS 20v by using bivariate and regression. The study found that there is a high positive relationship between market liquidity and economic growth, a moderate negative relationship between market size and economic growth, and a moderate positive relationship between market capitalization and economic growth. Also, the stock market development of market liquidity, size, and capitalization predict 95.7 percent of economic growth. The study summarized that there is a high positive association between stock market development and economic growth as a confirmatory revelation, but all the relationship results were not statistically significant. The result points to the casualty of the relationship between stock market development and economic growth. The study recommends that more firms must be encouraged to be listed on GSE to enhance economic growth in Ghana.

2022 ◽  
Vol ahead-of-print (ahead-of-print) ◽  
Yuanyuan Xu ◽  
Jian Li ◽  
Linjie Wang ◽  
Chongguang Li

PurposeThis paper aims to present the first empirical liquidity measurement of China’s agricultural futures markets and study time-varying liquidity dependence across markets.Design/methodology/approachBased on both high- and low-frequency trading data of soybean and corn, this paper evaluates short-term liquidity adjustment in Chinese agricultural futures market measured by liquidity benchmark and long-term liquidity development measured by liquidity proxies.FindingsBy constructing comparisons, the authors identify the seminal paper of Fong, Holden and Trzcinka (2017) as the best low-frequency liquidity proxy in China’s agricultural futures market and capture similar historical patterns of the liquidity in soybean and corn markets. The authors further employ Copula-generalized autoregressive conditional heteroskedasticity models to investigate liquidity dependence between soybean and corn futures markets. Results show that cross-market liquidity dependence tends to be dynamic and asymmetric (in upper versus lower tails). The liquidity dependence becomes stronger when these markets experience negative shocks than positive shocks, indicating a concern on the contagion effect of liquidity risk under negative financial situations.Originality/valueThe findings of this study provide useful information on the dynamic evolution of liquidity pattern and cross-market dependence of fastest-growing agricultural futures in the largest emerging economy.

2021 ◽  
Vol 13 (2) ◽  
pp. 121-133

Venture capitalists (VCs) áourish on the ability to add funds to their kitty across nations. Consequently, VCsíability to convince Limited Partners (LP), who are their primary source of Önancing, plays a critical role in the venture capital investment growth in any economy. However, it is not easy to rake in capital from an investor. LPs assess the market conditions carefully before making their capital available to the VCs. This paper examines the macro-economic variables that ináuence the supply of money to venture capital funds in emerging economies such as India from an LPs perspective. The empirical analysis using Autoregressive-Distributed Lag (ARDL) approach reveals that supply of capital to the VC funds in India is ináuenced by macro variables as well as past investment behaviours. Macro-variables such as GDP growth, interest rate spread, global liquidity, and ináation rate signiÖcantly ináuence the supply of capital to the VC funds in India. However, stock market liquidity does not ináuence the supply side of the venture capital investment. Our analysis reveals that VCsífund raising in India is highly ináuenced by their past investment relation with the LPs.

2021 ◽  
Vol 9 (4) ◽  
pp. 74
Wajih Abbassi ◽  
Ahmed Imran Hunjra ◽  
Suha Mahmoud Alawi ◽  
Rashid Mehmood

Corporate governance plays a significant role in the value of shareholders and share prices, hence stock market liquidity is affected. Previous research has mainly focused on the issue in developed markets, whereas in developing countries there is a need to analyze the influence of corporate governance on stock market liquidity. Therefore, the present study aims to examine the impact of ownership structure and board characteristics on stock market liquidity of non-financial firms of South Asian countries such as Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, and India. The data in the study is collected from the DataStream for the 2011–2020 period. The study uses a fixed effect model for the analysis of the data and hypotheses testing and generalized method of moments (GMM) is used to check the robustness of the results. The findings of the study indicate that institutional ownership, board size, board independence, and CEO duality have a significant and positive impact on stock market liquidity, whereas managerial ownership has a significant and negative effect on stock market liquidity.

2021 ◽  
Vol 6 (2) ◽  

The countries in the sample are of special importance, as they have different rates of growth, different important characteristics of the financial system and levels of stock market progress. The research looks on equity market growth and measures its foreign economic effect, not in terms of profitability to investors (not beyond the scope of our study), but in terms of progress relative to the scale of these economies and the capital expenditure fund needs of those countries. The data used in this study were taken from GCC's monthly time series over the 2008-2018 period. Such factors are actual interest rates, global development level, commodity market returns on commodities and the true price of oil (in US dollars). Thomson Reuters DataStream, Bloomberg and OECD database gather data for this study. For this study, the actual interest rate was selected as this element illustrates market swings. The Industrial Production Index has defined it since the overall energy consumption in an economy is calculated by the amount of products and services generated in the region. The research implemented and econometric approach throughout addressing data from 2008 till 2018 which means 10 years to study the impact of oil prices, exchange rates and their impact on stock market, case Saudi Arabia. The key results showed that the contemporary and postponed impacts on economic development in either capital market liquidity, as measured by turnover or economic change, as measured by the institutional efficiency index. The relationship predictor (investment / Turnover ratio) was seen for the Arab countries to have an important result from the robustness measure. Implementing the strategy of gross capital expenditure expansion and the turnover partnership will lead to a positive impact on the connection between country expenditure and stock market liquidity during the competitive growth model.

2021 ◽  
Solomon Opare

<p>This thesis examines the impact of adoption of IFRS (International Financial Reporting Standards) on two aspects of the operation of capital markets. Firstly, the impact of adoption of IFRS on financial reporting comparability, market liquidity, and cost of capital. Secondly, the impact of adoption of IFRS on seasoned equity offering (SEO) underperformance.  To examine the impact of adoption of IFRS on financial reporting comparability, market liquidity, and cost of capital, the study used meta-analysis of empirical studies published since 2000. Meta-analysis provides an objective view of the empirical results, in contrast to narrative reviews, which offer subjective conclusions. From meta-analysis of 55 empirical studies with 1,259 effect sizes, the study finds that IFRS adoption has increased financial reporting comparability, market liquidity, and reduced cost of equity. For cost of debt, a decrease is observed only for voluntary adoption. The meta-regression analysis shows how the results differ across mandatory and voluntary adoption of IFRS and that the measurement choices, type of control variables, study design, and strength of empirical results explain the variation in the observed effect of adoption of IFRS.  To examine the impact of adoption of IFRS on SEO underperformance the study analyses a large sample of SEOs from 51 countries over the period 1992-2017. Given that the empirical literature on SEOs has established that information asymmetry contributes to SEO underperformance, it is important to assess whether adoption of IFRS has reduced the uncertainties surrounding SEOs and, thus, subsequent underperformance. The study employs a control sample of non-IFRS adoption countries and applies a difference-in-difference (DiD) design to test for the incremental change for IFRS adoption countries over non-IFRS adoption countries. The study finds that SEO underperformance reduces for IFRS adopters relative to non-IFRS adopters in the post-adoption period. The reduction in SEO underperformance is influenced by increased disclosure, increased comparability, and number of accounting changes. The study also finds that the impact of adoption of IFRS on SEO underperformance exists only for firms in countries with strong enforcement, and is conditional on the implementation credibility of countries. The findings are robust to the application of a different measure of SEO underperformance.  Overall, the study suggests that IFRS has had a positive impact on capital markets. However, increased disclosure, comparability, and credible implementation play important roles in realising the benefits of adoption of IFRS. Thus, policymakers of weak enforcement countries are encouraged to strengthen their institutional environment in order to reap the benefits that adoption of IFRS can provide to their capital market.</p>

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