Saturated Porous Media
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2021 ◽  
Vol 30 (6) ◽  
pp. 551-565
Author(s):  
S.H. AL-Obaidi ◽  
◽  
Miel Hofmann ◽  
V.I. Smirnov ◽  
F. H. Khalaf ◽  
...  

A hydrophobic composition containing water repellents and highly volatile solvents is shown in this study to isolate water from the bottomhole formation zone of gas wells and reduce as much as possible the saturation of pore spaces with water. During injection, this composition shows selectivity and mostly penetrates water-saturated porous media. The study shows that the injection of such composition into porous media has a high water-insulating effect, reducing the water permeability of water-saturated porous media by 35 times with a degree of water isolation of 97%. Moreover, while injecting, it has selective action, mainly penetrating water-saturated media rather than gas-saturated media. As a result of injecting 0.91 to 0.99 pore volumes (pv) of the composition, the Qwater/Qgas ratio reaches 5.22 to 5.26, indicating high selectivity.


Geofluids ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 2021 ◽  
pp. 1-12
Author(s):  
Duoxing Yang ◽  
Lianzhong Zhang

Propagation of pore pressure and stress in water-saturated elastic porous media is theoretically investigated when considering the Darcy-Brinkman law. The wave mode, phase velocity, phase lag, damping factor, and characteristic frequency are found from the updated mathematic model. The Brinkman term describes the fluid viscous shear effects and importantly contributes to the dispersion relation and wave damping. The coincidence of the properties of Biot waves of the first and second kinds occurs at a characteristic frequency, which is remarkably influenced by the Brinkman term. A key finding is that, compared to the Darcy-Brinkman law, Darcy’s law overestimates the phase velocity, damping, and phase lag of the first wave, while underestimates the phase velocity, damping, and phase difference of the second wave. The introduction of the Darcy-Brinkman law yields an improved description of the damping of the compressional wave modes in saturated porous media.


2021 ◽  
Vol 9 ◽  
Author(s):  
Xuke Ruan ◽  
Chun-Gang Xu ◽  
Ke-Feng Yan ◽  
Xiao-Sen Li

The hydrate decomposition kinetics is a key factor for the gas production from hydrate-saturated porous media. Meanwhile, it is also related to other factors. Among them, the permeability and hydrate dissociation surface area on hydrate dissociation kinetics have been studied experimentally and numerically in this work. First, the permeability to water was experimentally determined at different hydrate saturations (0%, 10%, 17%, 21%, 34%, 40.5%, and 48.75%) in hydrate-bearing porous media. By the comparison of permeability results from the experimental measurements and theoretical calculations with the empirical permeability models, it was found that, for the lower hydrate saturations (less than 40%), the experimental results of water permeability are closer to the predicted values of the grain-coating permeability model, whereas, for the hydrate saturation above 40%, the tendencies of hydrate accumulation in porous media are quite consistent with the pore-filling hydrate habits. A developed two-dimensional core-scale numerical code, which incorporates the models for permeability and hydrate dissociation surface area along with the hydrate accumulation habits in porous media, was used to investigate the kinetics of hydrate dissociation by depressurization, and a “shrinking-core” hydrate dissociation driven by the radial heat transfer was found in the numerical simulations of hydrate dissociation induced by depressurization in core-scale porous media. The numerical results indicate that the gas production from hydrates in porous media has a strong dependence on the permeability and hydrate dissociation surface area. Meanwhile, the simulation shows that the controlling factor for the dissociation kinetics of hydrate switches from permeability to hydrate dissociation surface area depending on the hydrate saturation and hydrate accumulation habits in porous media.


2021 ◽  
Author(s):  
Sudad H Al-Obaidi ◽  
Hofmann M ◽  
Smirnov VI ◽  
Khalaf FH ◽  
Hiba H Alwan

A hydrophobic composition containing water repellents and highly volatile solvents is shown in this study to isolate water from the bottom hole formation zone of gas wells and reduce as much as possible the saturation of pore spaces with water. During injection, this composition shows selectivity and mostly penetrates water-saturated porous media. The study shows that the injection of such composition into porous media has a high water-insulating effect, reducing the water permeability of water-saturated porous media by 35 times with a degree of water isolation of 97%.Moreover, while injecting, it has selective action, mainly penetrating water-saturated media rather than gas saturated media. As a result of injecting 0.91 to 0.99 pore volumes (pv) of the composition, the Qwater/Qgas ratio reaches 5.22 to 5.26, indicating high selectivity.


PAMM ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 21 (1) ◽  
Author(s):  
Julia Nicolina Bergmann ◽  
Alexander Schwarz ◽  
Joachim Bluhm ◽  
Jörg Schröder

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