environmental and health effects
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Author(s):  
Adeleye Ayoade Adeniran ◽  
Winston Shakantu

Twenty-first century human behaviour continues to escalate activities that result in environmental damage. This calls for environmentally friendly solutions, such as waste recycling and handling, to deal with the increased amount of waste, especially plastics. The plastic materials manufacturing sector is booming, particularly packaging; while only a fraction of its waste is recycled, another fraction is destroyed, and the larger part continues to pollute the environment. In addition to other waste disposal activities, destroying plastic or incineration (which could be for energy recovery) is usually subjected to strict legal requirements because of its effect on the environment. However plastic is destroyed or disposed of, it poses a serious challenge in both the short term and the long term to humans and their natural environment if the process is not efficiently managed. This article describes how a growing amount of plastic waste is disposed of haphazardly in South African townships, while most of the inhabitants are not aware or do not care about the adverse environmental and health effects of these actions. This article examines the environmental and health effects of poor plastic disposal in South African townships as it is in other developing countries to sensitise the citizens to the significance of reducing plastic waste quantities, which will downplay their impact on human health and the environment.


2021 ◽  
Vol 22 ◽  
pp. 101192
Author(s):  
Katherine Pérez ◽  
Laia Palència ◽  
Brenda Biaani Gómez-Leon

2021 ◽  
pp. 107554702110305
Author(s):  
Sarah Schönbauer ◽  
Ruth Müller

Microplastics are increasingly populating the environment and human and nonhuman bodies. Their presence has invoked concerns about potential environmental and health effects, resulting in increasing research and media reporting. Here, we explore how the German print media reported on microplastics between 2004 and 2018. We find three distinct phases of reporting in which microplastics are introduced, stabilized, and destabilized as a “risk object.” We show that different attributions of risk go hand in hand with divergent assessments of who is responsible for risk management and argue that media cycles of affirming and contesting risk might undermine public trust in scientific findings.


Toxics ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 9 (6) ◽  
pp. 131
Author(s):  
Marco Chaud ◽  
Eliana B. Souto ◽  
Aleksandra Zielinska ◽  
Patricia Severino ◽  
Fernando Batain ◽  
...  

Nanopesticides are nanostructures with two to three dimensions between 1 to 200 nm, used to carry agrochemical ingredients (AcI). Because of their unique properties, the loading of AcI into nanoparticles offers benefits when compared to free pesticides. However, with the fast development of new engineered nanoparticles for pests’ control, a new type of environmental waste is being produced. This paper describes the nanopesticides sources, the harmful environmental and health effects arising from pesticide exposure. The potential ameliorative impact of nanoparticles on agricultural productivity and ecosystem challenges are extensively discussed. Strategies for controlled release and stimuli-responsive systems for slow, sustained, and targeted AcI and genetic material delivery are reported. Special attention to different nanoparticles source, the environmental behavior of nanopesticides in the crop setting, and the most recent advancements and nanopesticides representative research from experimental results are revised. This review also addresses some issues and concerns in developing, formulating and toxicity pesticide products for environmentally friendly and sustainable agriculture.


Author(s):  
Simon Mshelia ◽  
Ogar Unimke ◽  
Andrew Reigns ◽  
Oyetunji Bashir

This study examined environmental and health effects of climate change in Kaduna metropolis. Primary data were obtained through randomly administered 184 structured and semi structured survey questionnaires to purposefully selected groups of people, workers and students in the metropolis. Secondary data were obtained from desk reviews of other literatures and interviews of staff of Nigerian Metrological (NiMET) Agency and Ministry of Environment Kaduna. Descriptive statistics using Likert rating scale was employed for the analyses of the data. Findings revealed percentage range of strongly agree and agree of 80% - 59.8% that climate change has negative environmental and health effects in Kaduna metropolis. The environmental effects identified are: flooding, desert encroachment, drought, land degradation, run-off, soil erosion, loss of water resources and biodiversity and poor agricultural productions while the health effects are: hyperthermia, vector and water borne diseases (cholera, malaria), heart ailments, dehydration and diseased crops. The study also discovered that the comprehension of the concept climate change in the metropolis is limited. Finally, the study recommends intensive public education and enlightenment on the causes and effects of climate change, strong legislations and enforcement of environmental laws and adaptation measures.


2021 ◽  
Author(s):  
Stine Eikrem ◽  

‘A diary from the future’ thinks through the positive social, environmental and health effects of a large-scale transition to plant-based diets. These include positive changes for food production, consumption and food security, and with that, also social justice, equity, education, poverty and the co-existence with other species. Even just the way the story thinks through and recognises these complex relationships and effects is an achievement and a novelty for physiotherapists in itself. Reaching well beyond this, however, this is also a story about how fear and darkness can turn into hope, optimism and curiosity for the future as a result of learning and thinking about these complex relationships. Finally, ‘A diary from the future’ is also a reflection on the possibilities of broadening our understanding of physiotherapy, of the need for change, resistance to it, and the creative potential that is released when these resistances are overcome.


Author(s):  
Sajjad Ali ◽  
Muhammad Irfan Ullah ◽  
Asif Sajjad ◽  
Qaiser Shakeel ◽  
Azhar Hussain

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