remotely operated vehicles
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2022 ◽  
Vol 4 (1) ◽  
Qianrong Li ◽  
Baoji Zhang

The resistance performance and motion stability of deep sea remotely operated vehicles (ROVs) subjected to underwater motion conditions are studied on the basis of the unsteady Reynolds-averaged Navier-Stokes method combined with the six-degree-of-freedom equation of motion to quickly and accurately predict them. In the modeling process, we consider the complexity of ROV geometry and thus reduce the model to a series of regular geometries to maximize the position and weight of the original components. The grid and value slots of an ROV are divided, and the surface is reconstructed. The forward, backward, transverse, floating, and submerged resistance of ROVs are simulated and compared with existing experimental forces to determine the accuracy of the calculation method. Then, the oblique navigation of the ROV on the horizontal and vertical planes is studied. Furthermore, the motion response of the ROV to direct horizontal motion, heave, pitch, and yaw are studied. The force, moment, and motion time curves are obtained. The stability of ROV motion is analyzed to provide technical support for the safety of ROVs.

2021 ◽  
Mahmoud Ahmed Elshahawy ◽  
Helmy Abdel Wahab Younes ◽  
Imad Al Hamlawi

Abstract ADNOC Drilling operates a growing fleet of 22 jack up units. These units require various inspections and tests to ensure that their integrity is maintained while conducting the drilling operations. One of these inspections is the underwater inspection which is required to be carried out twice every 5 years. Traditionally, this inspection is carried out by divers at the shipyard where it is safe for divers to carry out cleaning, visual inspections and NDT of structural welds. Moving the rig to a drydock or a shipyard is a costly and involves a lot of activities related to safety in addition to the out of service time. Loss of revenue is experienced while the rig is out of service, as well as costs associated to the survey, shipyard costs, vessel costs etc. all combining to create an expensive inspection process. ADNOC Drilling Marine and Group Technology adapted a new method for performing the full scope of the underwater inspection offshore using small remotely operated vehicles (ROV), most of the scope is carried out while the rig remains in full operation (while drilling).

2021 ◽  
Vol 9 (11) ◽  
pp. 1305
Ningning Ding ◽  
Yuangui Tang ◽  
Zhibin Jiang ◽  
Yunfei Bai ◽  
Shixun Liang

This paper investigates the station-keeping control of autonomous and remotely-operated vehicles (ARVs) for free-floating manipulation under model uncertainties and external disturbances. A modified adaptive generalized super-twisting algorithm (AGSTA) enhanced by adaptive tracking differentiator (ATD) and reduced-order extended state observer (RESO) is proposed. The ATD is used to obtain the smooth reference signal and its derivative. The RESO is used to estimate and compensate for the model uncertainties and external disturbances in real-time, which enhances the robustness of the controller. The modified AGSTA ensures the fast convergence of the system states and maintains them in a predefined neighborhood of origin without overestimating control gains. Besides, the proposed new variable gain strategy completely avoids the control gains vibrating near the set minimum value. Thanks to the RESO, the proposed controller is model-free and can be easily implemented in practice. The stability of the closed-loop system is analyzed based on Lyapunov’s direct method in the time domain. Finally, the proposed control scheme is applied to the station-keeping control of Haidou-1 ARV, and the simulation results confirm the superiority of the proposed control scheme over the original AGSTA.

2021 ◽  
Vol 51 (4) ◽  
Marie E. Strader ◽  
Hannah E. Aichelman ◽  
Carlos A. Tramonte ◽  
Hayden E. W. Dickerson ◽  
Brooke E. Benson ◽  

Sensors ◽  
2020 ◽  
Vol 20 (22) ◽  
pp. 6644
Giacomo Picardi ◽  
Clara Borrelli ◽  
Augusto Sarti ◽  
Giovanni Chimienti ◽  
Marcello Calisti

Underwater robots emit sound during operations which can deteriorate the quality of acoustic data recorded by on-board sensors or disturb marine fauna during in vivo observations. Notwithstanding this, there have only been a few attempts at characterizing the acoustic emissions of underwater robots in the literature, and the datasheets of commercially available devices do not report information on this topic. This work has a twofold goal. First, we identified a setup consisting of a camera directly mounted on the robot structure to acquire the acoustic data and two indicators (i.e., spectral roll-off point and noise introduced to the environment) to provide a simple and intuitive characterization of the acoustic emissions of underwater robots carrying out specific maneuvers in specific environments. Second, we performed the proposed analysis on three underwater robots belonging to the classes of remotely operated vehicles and underwater legged robots. Our results showed how the legged device produced a clearly different signature compared to remotely operated vehicles which can be an advantage in operations that require low acoustic disturbance. Finally, we argue that the proposed indicators, obtained through a standardized procedure, may be a useful addition to datasheets of existing underwater robots.

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