the time domain
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2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (2) ◽  
pp. 872
Andrea Cristofolini ◽  
Arturo Popoli ◽  
Leonardo Sandrolini ◽  
Giacomo Pierotti ◽  
Mattia Simonazzi

A numerical methodology is proposed for the calculation of transient electromagnetic interference induced by overhead high-voltage power lines in metallic structures buried in soil—pipelines for oil or gas transportation. A series of 2D finite element simulations was employed to sample the harmonic response of a given geometry section. The numerical inverse Laplace transform of the results allowed obtaining the time domain evolution of the induced voltages and currents in the buried conductors, for any given condition of the power line.

M. N. Nikitenkoч ◽  
M. B. Rabinovich ◽  
M. V. Sviridov

An original method has been developed for estimating formation dip and strike from transient induction LWD data, based on focusing in the time domain. The focusing consists in decomposing the measured signals into a time series and diagonalizing the matrix of focused magnetic field components. We have implemented the method and comprehensively tested it in horizontally-layered media used for LWD data inversion to solve geosteering problems and evaluate the formation resistivity. Estimates of the angles contribute to reliable geosteering when choosing a direction of drilling, as well as when inverting data for a complex earth model. A significant reduction in the resource intensity of inversion and model equivalence is achieved by reducing the number of determined parameters.

Universe ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 8 (1) ◽  
pp. 47
Ping Li ◽  
Rui Jiang ◽  
Jian Lv ◽  
Xianghua Zhai

In this paper, we study the perturbations of the charged static spherically symmetric black holes in the f(R)=R−2αR model by a scalar field. We analyze the quasinormal modes spectrum, superradiant modes, and superradiant instability of the black holes. The frequency of the quasinormal modes is calculated in the frequency domain by the third-order WKB method, and in the time domain by the finite difference method. The results by the two methods are consistent and show that the black hole stabilizes quicker for larger α satisfying the horizon condition. We then analyze the superradiant modes when the massive charged scalar field is scattered by the black hole. The frequency of the superradiant wave satisfies ω∈(μ2,ωc), where μ is the mass of the scalar field, and ωc is the critical frequency of the superradiance. The amplification factor is also calculated by numerical method. Furthermore, the superradiant instability of the black hole is studied analytically, and the results show that there is no superradiant instability for such a system.

2022 ◽  
Vol 5 (1) ◽  
Xinhua Wen ◽  
Xinghong Zhu ◽  
Alvin Fan ◽  
Wing Yim Tam ◽  
Jie Zhu ◽  

AbstractSpace−time modulated metamaterials support extraordinary rich applications, such as parametric amplification, frequency conversion, and non-reciprocal transmission. The non-Hermitian space−time varying systems combining non-Hermiticity and space−time varying capability, have been proposed to realize wave control like unidirectional amplification, while its experimental realization still remains a challenge. Here, based on metamaterials with software-defined impulse responses, we experimentally demonstrate non-Hermitian space−time varying metamaterials in which the material gain and loss can be dynamically controlled and balanced in the time domain instead of spatial domain, allowing us to suppress scattering at the incident frequency and to increase the efficiency of frequency conversion at the same time. An additional modulation phase delay between different meta-atoms results in unidirectional amplification in frequency conversion. The realization of non-Hermitian space−time varying metamaterials will offer further opportunities in studying non-Hermitian topological physics in dynamic and nonreciprocal systems.

2022 ◽  
Vol 9 ◽  
Chao Ning ◽  
Yalin Li ◽  
Ping Huang ◽  
Hui Xu ◽  
Feng Zheng

The interaction between impeller and volute produces a complex and unsteady water flow. It involves the interference of the non-uniform flow (such as the impeller’s jet wake and a secondary flow). In this paper, the transient flow in a new type of dishwasher pump is investigated numerically. In addition, pressure measurements are used to validate the numerical method, and the simulation results agree well with the experiment. Three schemes, 0 rpm (revolutions per minute)/30 rpm/60 rpm, of volute speeds are investigated. Multiple monitoring points are set at different positions of the new dishwasher pump to record pressure-pulse signals. In addition, frequency signals are obtained using a Fast Fourier Transform, which is then used to analyze the effect of the volute tongue and the outflow of the impeller. The radial force on the principal axis is recorded, and the schemes with different rotation speeds of volute are compared. The results show that the volute speed has only a small effect on the pump performance. In addition, the speed of the volute mainly affects the flow field in the transition section located between impeller and volute. The difference of the flow field in the impeller depends on the relative position between the impeller and the volute. The time domain curve for the pressure pulse is periodic, and there is a deviation between the peak for the schemes in the outflow region. In the frequency domain, the characteristic frequency equals the blade passing frequency. In the outflow region, the effect of the volute speeds increases with increasing volute speed. For the radial force, the rotating volute strengthens the fluctuation of the radial force, which affects the operational stability of the pump. The shape of the vector distribution is most regular for the 30 rpm scheme, which indicates that the stability of the pump is the highest. This paper can be used to improve both the control and selection of volute speeds.

2022 ◽  
Zhiwen Zheng ◽  
Nan Yu ◽  
Jingyang Zhang ◽  
Haipeng Dai ◽  
Qingshan Wang ◽  

Abstract This paper proposes using a WiFi-based identification system, Wi-ID, to identify users from their unique hand gestures. Hand gestures from the popular game rock-paper-scissors are utilized for the system’s user authentication commands. The whole feature of three hand gestures is extracted instead of the single gesture feature extracted by the existing methods. Dynamic time warping (DTW) is utilized to analyze the amplitude information in the time domain based on linear discriminant analysis (LDA), while extract amplitude kurtosis (AP-KU) and shape skewness (SP-SK) are utilized to analyze the Wi-Fi signals energy distribution in the frequency domain. Based on the contributions of the extracted features, the random forests algorithm is utilized for weight inputs in the LSTM model. The experiment is conducted on a computer installed with an Intel 5300 wireless networking card to evaluate the effectiveness and robustness of the Wi-ID system. The experiment results showed the accuracy of the proposed Wi-ID system has a personal differentiation accuracy rate over 92%, and with an average accuracy of 96%. Authorized persons who performed incomplete hand gestures are identified with an accuracy of 92% and hostile intruders can be identified with a probability of 90%. Such performance demonstrates that the Wi-ID system achieved the aim of user authentication.

2022 ◽  
pp. 1-18
Kevin Billon ◽  
Guoying Zhao ◽  
Christophe Collette ◽  
Simon Chesne

Abstract In this paper, a hybrid mass damper (HMD) and its hyperstability thanks to a power flow approach are studied. The HMD proposed combines an active control system with an optimal passive device. The initial passive system is an electromagnetic Tuned Mass Damper (TMD) and the control law is a modified velocity feedback with a phase compensator. The resulting hybrid controller system is theoretically hyperstable and ensures fail-safe behavior. Experiments are performed to validate the numerical simulation and provide good results in terms of vibration attenuations. Both excitation from the bottom in the frequency domain and shock response in the time domain are tested and analyzed. The different power flows in terms of active and reactive powers are estimated numerically and experimentally on the inertial damper (passive and active) and on the HMD. More over, through a mechanical analogy of the proposed system, it is shown that this hybrid device can be seen as an active realization of an inerter based tuned-mass-damper associated with a sky-hook damper. Observations and analysis provide insight into the hyperstable behavior imposed by the specific control law.

Ki-Su Kim ◽  
Myung-Il Roh ◽  
Seung-Min Lee

When a ship is damaged at sea, it is important to predict its behavior as well as whether it is to sink or not. If the ship comes to an equilibrium, the equilibrium position and time should be estimated; otherwise, the time to sink should be estimated. Furthermore, flooding analysis should be carried out not only during the design stage of the ship for preventive reasons, but also after an accident for a better investigation of its causes. In addition, flooding analysis methods that can provide predictions in case of an accident are of particular importance, as there is no time for the required calculations in an emergency. For this purpose, a quasi-static flooding analysis method for the damaged ship in the time domain is proposed in this study. There are a number of studies in which the equilibrium position and time were estimated by flooding analysis. However, most of them have not considered the air pressure effect in fully flooded compartments, and the method of determining the fluid volume in these compartments was not accurate. In the present study, the virtual vent and accumulator method are used to calculate the reference pressure in the fully flooded compartments, and the compartment shape is considered by using polyhedral integration. Also, spilled oil and solid cargo items from the damaged ship are taken into account for realistic flooding analysis. Finally, the damage stability criteria were checked not only in the final state, but also during the entire time of the flooding, as the intermediate states can be more hazardous than the final state. To validate the feasibility of the proposed method, it was applied to a naval ship, which is considerably more stringent for damage stability. As a result, we checked the availability of this study.

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