Abstract
Based on the operating conditions analysis of electric traction drives of locomotives, it has been established that the vector control systems for an asynchronous motor fully satisfy all the requirements. On the basis of a T-shaped equivalent circuit, a mathematical model of an induction motor is presented, taking into account losses in the stator steel, the effect of the rotor current and saturation displacement. An algorithm for the formation of the optimal, from the point of view of power losses, task for the rotor flux linkage when using a vector control system with the orientation of the axes of the coordinate system along the rotor magnetic field, is developed. The limiting factors are the limitations on the current and voltage of the motor stator, the diesel generator set power. A shared control system for an electric traction drive with asynchronous motors has been developed, which provides direct control of wheel slip with a subordinate vector control system that minimizes power losses. The results of modeling in a steady-state operation and a start-up mode for an electric traction drive of a two-axle bogie with axial support and 630 kW asynchronous motors with the use of various options for organizing circuit reentrances are presented.