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Geophysics ◽  
2022 ◽  
pp. 1-51
Peter Lanzarone ◽  
Xukai Shen ◽  
Andrew Brenders ◽  
Ganyuan Xia ◽  
Joe Dellinger ◽  

We demonstrated the application of full-waveform inversion (FWI) guided velocity model building to an extended wide-azimuth towed streamer (EWATS) seismic data set in the Gulf of Mexico. Field data were collected over a historically challenging imaging area, colloquially called the “grunge zone” due to the formation of a compressional allosuture emplaced between two colliding salt sheets. These data had a poor subsalt image below the suture with conventional narrow-azimuth data. Additional geologic complexities were observed including high-velocity carbonate carapace near the top of salt and multiple intrasalt sedimentary inclusions. As such, improved seismic imaging was required to plan and execute wells targeting subsalt strata. Significant improvements to the velocity model and subsalt image were evident with wide-azimuth towed streamer and later EWATS data using conventional top-down velocity model building approaches. Then, high-impact improvements were made using EWATS data with an FWI velocity model building workflow; this study represented an early successful application of FWI used to update salt body geometries from streamer seismic data, in which many past applications were limited to improving sedimentary velocities. Later petrophysical data verified the new FWI-derived model, which had significantly increased confidence in the structural and stratigraphic interpretation of subsalt reservoir systems below the grunge zone.

2022 ◽  
Vol 152 ◽  
pp. 107048
Liu Liu ◽  
Zhenming Shi ◽  
Georgios P. Tsoflias ◽  
Ming Peng ◽  
Yao Wang

Peng Zuo ◽  
Peter Huthwaite

Quantitative guided wave thickness mapping in plate-like structures and pipelines is of significant importance for the petrochemical industry to accurately estimate the minimum remaining wall thickness in the presence of corrosion, as guided waves can inspect a large area without needing direct access. Although a number of inverse algorithms have been studied and implemented in guided wave reconstruction, a primary assumption is widely used: the three-dimensional guided wave inversion of thickness is simplified as a two-dimensional acoustic wave inversion of velocity, with the dispersive nature of the waves linking thickness to velocity. This assumption considerably simplifies the inversion procedure; however, it makes it impossible to account for mode conversion. In reality, mode conversion is quite common in guided wave scattering with asymmetric wall loss, and compared with non-converted guided wave modes, converted modes may provide greater access to valuable information about the thickness variation, which, if exploited, could lead to improved performance. Geometrical full waveform inversion (GFWI) is an ideal tool for this, since it can account for mode conversion. In this paper, quantitative thickness reconstruction based on GFWI is developed in a plate cross-section and applied to study the performance of thickness reconstruction using mode conversion.

2022 ◽  
Vol 41 (1) ◽  
pp. 8-8
Keith Millis ◽  
Guillaume Richard ◽  
Chengbo Li

In the life cycle of a seismic product, the lion's share of the budget and personnel hours is spent on acquisition. In most modern seismic surveys, acquisition involves hundreds of specialized personnel working for months or years. Seismic acquisition also must overcome potential liabilities and health, safety, and environmental concerns that rival facility, pipeline, construction, and other operational risks. As only properly acquired data can contribute effectively to processing and interpretation strategies, a great deal of importance is placed on acquisition quality. Arguably, many of the advances the seismic industry has experienced find their origin arising from advances in acquisition techniques. Full-waveform inversion (FWI), for example, can reach its full potential only when seismic acquisition has provided both low frequencies and long offsets.

Minerals ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 12 (1) ◽  
pp. 4
Fengjiao Zhang ◽  
Pan Zhang ◽  
Zhuo Xu ◽  
Xiangbo Gong ◽  
Liguo Han

The seismic exploration method could explore deep metal ore bodies (depth > 1000 m). However, it is difficult to describe the geometry of the complex metal ore body accurately. Seismic full waveform inversion is a relatively new method to achieve accurate imaging of subsurface structures, but its success requires better initial models and low-frequency data. The seismic data acquired in the metal mine area is usually difficult to meet the requirements of full waveform inversion. The passive seismic data usually contains good low frequency information. In this paper, we use both passive and active seismic datasets to improve the full waveform inversion results in the metal mining area. The results show that the multisource seismic full waveform inversion could obtain a suitable result for high-resolution seismic imaging of metal ore bodies.

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