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CATENA ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 209 ◽  
pp. 105830
Author(s):  
Dongdong Yang ◽  
Haijun Qiu ◽  
Shuyue Ma ◽  
Zijing Liu ◽  
Chi Du ◽  
...  

Minerals ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (1) ◽  
pp. 96
Author(s):  
Jie Gan ◽  
Hui Li ◽  
Zhengwei He ◽  
Yu Gan ◽  
Junqing Mu ◽  
...  

As the main part of the Indosinian metallogenic province in the eastern part of the Tethys metallogenic domain, Southeast Asia has experienced multiple stages of tectonic magnetic activities accompanied by the formation of rich mineral resources. However, due to the undeveloped economy, low degree of geological work, dense vegetation cover, and lack of obvious prospecting marks, traditional geological prospecting work in the area is not optimal. Consequently, the combination of high-precision geophysics and geochemistry has become an important method of looking for ore bodies deep underground in this area. The Nanpo gold deposit is a hydrothermal gold deposit that occurs in the Indosinian felsic volcanic rock body, and its mineralization is closely related to felsic magmatism. This study carried out comprehensive geophysical and geochemical exploration methods of soil geochemical survey, induced polarization (IP) survey, and audio-frequency magnetotelluric (AMT) survey. Based on the characteristics of geophysical and geochemical anomalies, geological inference, and interpretation, the integrated geophysical and geochemical prospecting criteria of the ore area have been determined: The large-scale and overlapping Au-Ag-Cu anomaly area in the host felsic magmatic rocks (mainly diorite, monzodiorite and granodiorite) is a favorable metallogenic area. Two anomalies, P1–H1 and P3–H6, with the best metallogenetic conditions and the deepest extensions of the known ore bodies, were further selected as engineering verification targets. After the study of the drill core, gold (mineralized) bodies consistent with the anomalies were found, indicating that the combined method is suitable for the exploration of mineral resources in this area, and the prospecting effect is good. At the same time, the metallogenic prediction shows that the deep part of the mining area still has great metallogenic prospects and prospecting potential. The characteristics of geophysical and geochemical anomalies and prospecting experience in the study area can provide references for the prospecting of hydrothermal gold deposits in the Luang Prabang–Loei structural belt.


2022 ◽  
Vol 9 ◽  
Author(s):  
Feng Cai ◽  
Lingling Yang ◽  
Yuan Yuan ◽  
Farhad Taghizadeh-Hesary

Coal quality rating can help reduce greenhouse gas emissions, solving the global warming problem. It becomes more important as the carbon neutrality by the mid-21st century agreement is accepted by 195 countries, including China. In this paper, an improved fuzzy comprehensive evaluation method is introduced for coal quality rating. The data used in this work are of the Hostolgoi coalfield of the Xinjiang Province of China. Six industrial analysis indicators are determined as evaluation factors by taking the coal samples of different coal seam depths in the mining area. The super-standard multiple methods and the double-weight super-standard weighting method are combined to form a comprehensive weight. The results show that most of the coal samples of this coal mine are at grades I–II, and the overall coal is with good-quality stability. The evaluation results can improve the coal utilization efficiency and provide scientific guidance for evaluating and exploiting coal resources in coal geological exploration.


Author(s):  
S. Xie ◽  
C. Yu ◽  
B. Peng ◽  
H. Xiao ◽  
W. Zhang ◽  
...  

AbstractThis study re-assess the environmental impacts of the Dexing copper mine (the largest open-pit copper mine in Asia) on the Lean river and its two tributaries (the Dawu river and Jishui river) in the Jiangxi province, China, with particular focus on metal pollution as well as the effectiveness and side-effects of remediation activities. Results show that the Dawu river and its mixing zone with the Lean river were still heavily influenced by acid mine drainage (AMD) and loaded with elevated levels of metals, in particular Mn, Ni, and Al whose concentrations were frequently above the health-based guideline values. Manganese and Ni in the AMD-impacted waters were predicted to occur as free ions or sulfate and carbonate complexes, and thus highly-toxic to living organisms. Although Al in the AMD-impacted waters was predicted to exist largely as colloidal hydroxides with low bioavailability, abundant formation of such nano-sized particles could impair the respiratory and circulatory systems of aquatic macro-invertebrates. The integration and comparison of the results from the current and previous studies show that the concentrations of several metals (Cu, Zn, and Cd) in the Dawu river decreased significantly after 2011–2012, during which several remediation practices were implemented (e.g., AMD neutralization, excavation of contaminated sediments in impounded rivers, and rehabilitation of mine tailings and open-pit slopes). This provides evidence that these remediation practices have effectively limited the dispersion of metals from the mining area. However, AMD neutralization greatly enhanced the release of sulfate, making the mining area an even more important sulfate source.


2022 ◽  
Vol 14 (2) ◽  
pp. 741
Author(s):  
Zhenhua Wu ◽  
Mingliang Che ◽  
Shutao Zhang ◽  
Linghua Duo ◽  
Shaogang Lei ◽  
...  

To deal with the problem of soil salinization that exists widely in semi-arid grassland, the Shengli Coalfield in Xilinhot City was selected as the study area. Six periods of Landsat remote sensing data in 2002, 2005, 2008, 2011, 2014, and 2017 were used to extract the salinity index (SI) and surface albedo to construct the SI-Albedo feature space. The salinization monitoring index (SMI) was used to calculate and classify the soil salinization grades in the study area. The soil salinization status and its dynamic changes were monitored and analyzed. Combined with the logistic regression model, the roles of human and natural factors in the development of soil salinization were determined. The results were as follows: (1) The SMI index constructed using the SI-Albedo feature space is simple and easy to calculate, which is conducive to remote sensing monitoring of salinized soil. R2 of the SMI and soil salt content in the 2017 data from the study area is 0.7313, which achieves good results in the quantitative analysis and monitoring of soil salinization in the Xilinhot Shengli Coalfield. (2) The study area is a grassland landscape. However, grassland landscapes are decreasing year by year, and town landscapes, mining landscapes, and road landscapes are greatly increased. The areas of soil salinization reversion in the Shengli mining area from 2002–2005, 2005–2008, 2008–2011, 2011–2014, 2014–2017, and 2002–2017 were 65.64 km2, 1.03 km2, 18.44 km2, 0.9 km2, 7.52 km2, and 62.33 km2, respectively. The overall trend of soil salinization in the study area was reversed from 2002 to 2017. (3) The driving factors of salinized land from 2002 to 2008 are as follows: the distance to the nearest town landscape > the distance to the nearest mining landscape > the distance to the nearest road landscape. The driving factors of salinized land from 2008 to 2017 are as follows: the distance to nearest mining landscape > the distance to the nearest water landscape > the distance to nearest town landscape > altitude > aspect. Coal exploitation and town expansion have occupied a large amount of saline land, and petroleum exploitation and abandoned railway test sites have intensified the development of saline land. This study provides a reference for the treatment and protection of soil salinization in semi-arid grassland mining areas.


Author(s):  
Mukesh Ruhela ◽  
Kaberi Sharma ◽  
Rakesh Bhutiani ◽  
Surendra Kumar Chandniha ◽  
Vikas Kumar ◽  
...  

2022 ◽  
Vol 14 (2) ◽  
pp. 290
Author(s):  
Jia Liu ◽  
Fengshan Ma ◽  
Guang Li ◽  
Jie Guo ◽  
Yang Wan ◽  
...  

Ground subsidence is a common geological phenomenon occurring in mining areas. As an important Chinese gold mine, Sanshandao Gold Mine has a mining history of 25 years, with remarkable ground subsidence deformation. Mining development, life security, property security and ecological protection all require comprehension of the ground subsidence characteristics and evolution in the mining area. In this study, the mining subsidence phenomenon of the Sanshandao Gold Mine was investigated and analyzed based on Persistent Scatterer Interferometry (PSI) and small baseline subset (SBAS). The SAR (synthetic aperture radar) images covering the study area were acquired by the Sentinel-1A satellite between 2018 and 2021; 54 images (between 22 February 2018 and 25 May 2021) were processed using the PSI technique and 24 images (between 11 April 2018 and 12 July 2021) were processed using the SBAS technique. In addition, GACOS (generic atmospheric correction online service) data were adopted to eliminate the atmospheric error in both kinds of data processing. The interferometric synthetic aperture radar (InSAR) results showed a basically consistent subsidence area and a similar subsidence pattern. Both InSAR results indicated that the maximum LOS (line of sight) subsidence velocity is about 49 mm/year. The main subsidence zone is situated in the main mining area, extending in the northwest and southeast directions. According to the subsidence displacement of several representative sites in the mining area, we found that the PSI result has a higher subsidence displacement value compared to the SBAS result. Mining activities were accompanied by ground subsidence in the mining area: the ground subsidence phenomenon is exacerbated by the increasing mining quantity. Temporally, the mining subsidence lags behind the increase in mining quantity by about three months. In summary, the mining area has varying degrees of ground subsidence, monitored by two reliable time-series InSAR techniques. Further study of the subsidence mechanism is necessary to forecast ground subsidence and instruct mining activities.


Greece was one of the biggest producers of asbestos in the world as well as a consumer. It took advantage of the asbestos rich Zidani mine, in the region of Western Macedonia in Greece. However, due to serious health problems caused by inhaling asbestos, it was banned in 1979 and the mine closed in March 2000. Rehabilitation management of the abandoned asbestos mining area, the depositions in the open - pit mining area and the tailings remnants was necessary in order to avoid health and environmental problems in the wider area The detailed soil protection and rehabilitation project of the degraded mining area was implemented taking all necessary and appropriate safety and health measures according to the requirements of the relevant E.U and National legislation, so that accidents would be prevented. Results show that the rehabilitation, soil protection and enhancement of the area help the ecosystems to be sustainable, ecologically and socially acceptable


2022 ◽  
pp. 129-139
Author(s):  
R.E. Masto ◽  
J. George ◽  
V.A. Selvi ◽  
R.C. Tripathi ◽  
N.K. Srivastava

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