aluminum phosphate
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2022 ◽  
Vol 905 ◽  
pp. 61-66
Cheng Fei Li ◽  
Xiao Jun Yang ◽  
Ding Yong He

A modified aluminum phosphate sealing agent was prepared by using aluminum dihydrogen phosphate and silica sol as raw materials, and was used for sealing treatment of iron-based amorphous coating. The phase of sealing agent was analyzed by XRD. SEM and TG-DSC were used to characterize the surface morphology of the coating before and after sealing and the heat resistance of the sealing agent. The corrosion resistance of the sealing coating was evaluated by electrochemical measurements. The results show that the modified aluminum phosphate sealing agent has good heat resistance, and fine and close sealing layer was obtained, thus the corrosion resistance is significantly improved.

2021 ◽  
Vol 9 (3) ◽  
pp. 161-170
Kutoya Kusse ◽  
Gedion Ermias ◽  
Dawit Darch

Enset (Ensete ventricosum (Welw.) Cheesman) is economically a useful crop that provides forage for animals, construction materials, fuel and traditionally it is used as a medicine. The production and productivity of enset is mainly affected by many diseases and pests which causes serious devastating cultivar diversity and finally a yield lose of the crop. Moreover, its production sustainability is also threatened by many factors like wild animal pests, enset root pests, high population pressure and the shift of the producers to cash-oriented crop production. The assessment on enset production, its challenges and controlling methods was carried out in Debub Ari district of South Omo Zone, in southern Ethiopia from November 2021 to January 2021 in four randomly selected representative Kebeles. Simple random sampling method were employed to select a representative sample of the study (n = 138). Qualitative and quantitative data were collected through structured questionnaire, focus group discussions, individual interview and personal observations. The collected data were analyzed by using appropriate simple descriptive statistics. The land under enset production is declining from time to time, as well as its production also declines due to social, bio-physical and environmental factors such as land fragmentation, enset bacterial welt, insects and pests and environmental variability factors. To overcome these factors farmers practicing many controlling methods such as by burying the infected plants, restricting the movement of infected plant materials, sterilizing production tools and raising awareness about how to protect disease like enset bacterial welt and use of aluminum phosphate for pests like mole rate.

2021 ◽  
Vol 13 (12) ◽  
pp. 1651-1659
Zhu-Liang Zhang ◽  
Min-Si Peng ◽  
Ze-Ming Chen ◽  
Ting Long ◽  
Li-Sheng Wang ◽  

E. V. Pavlenko ◽  
S. V. Borisov ◽  
M. A. Vaniev

The modifying effect of aluminum phosphate (PA) on epoxy polymers has been studied. It was found that the introduction into the composition of 1.10 - 3.85 mass. including aluminum phosphate makes it possible to obtain highly modular (2.3 - 3.1 GPa) self-extinguishing polymer composites.

2021 ◽  
Vol 8 (2021) (2) ◽  
pp. 1-11
Marcondes Costa ◽  
Marcus Brito ◽  
Mário Chaves ◽  
Herbert Pöllmann ◽  

The diamond alluvium gravels from the Painin garimpos, on the right bank of the Tapajós River, in Itaituba, Pará, stand out for the marked presence of pebbles from <1 cm to about 10 cm in diameter consisting of aluminum phosphate-sulfates (APS minerals) from the alunite supergroup: goyazite-florencite-gorceixite-crandallite-esvanbergite/woodhouseite. They are light gray pebbles, still containing small amounts of pyrite, kaolinite, goethite and anatase. The total chemical and trace element analyzes confirm the indicated mineralogical constitution alongside the XRD. The florencite member is mainly dominated by Ce, La, Nd and Sm, the light rare earth elements, and also contains anomalous concentrations of Nb, Y, Pb, U and Th. This chemical nature of these pebbles, in part, makes it possible to compare them with the diamond satellite beans (favas) in secondary deposits in Brazil, but chemically only with the phosphates from Malawi and Sayan.

2021 ◽  
Vol 12 ◽  
Xiao Li Li ◽  
Xue Qiang Zhao ◽  
Xiao Ying Dong ◽  
Jian Feng Ma ◽  
Ren Fang Shen

Phosphorus (P) deficiency is one of the major factors limiting plant growth in acid soils, where most P is fixed by toxic aluminum (Al). Phosphate-solubilizing bacteria (PSBs) are important for the solubilization of fixed P in soils. Many PSBs have been isolated from neutral and calcareous soils, where calcium phosphate is the main P form, whereas PSBs in acid soils have received relatively little attention. In this study, we isolated a PSB strain from the rhizosphere of Lespedeza bicolor, a plant well adapted to acid soils. On the basis of its 16S rRNA gene sequence, this strain was identified as a Nguyenibacter species and named L1. After incubation of Nguyenibacter sp. L1 for 48 h in a culture medium containing AlPO4 as the sole P source, the concentration of available P increased from 10 to 225 mg L–1, and the pH decreased from 5.5 to 2.5. Nguyenibacter sp. L1 exhibited poor FePO4 solubilization ability. When the pH of non-PSB-inoculated medium was manually adjusted from 5.5 to 2.5, the concentration of available P only increased from 6 to 65 mg L–1, which indicates that growth medium acidification was not the main contributor to the solubilization of AlPO4 by Nguyenibacter sp. L1. In the presence of glucose, but not fructose, Nguyenibacter sp. L1 released large amounts of gluconic acid to solubilize AlPO4. Furthermore, external addition of gluconic acid enhanced AlPO4 solubilization and reduced Al toxicity to plants. We conclude that secretion of gluconic acid by Nguyenibacter sp. L1, which is dependent on glucose supply, is responsible for AlPO4 solubilization as well as the alleviation of Al phytotoxicity by this bacterial strain.

2021 ◽  
Vol 8 (Supplement_1) ◽  
pp. S615-S615
Chris Behrens ◽  
Jeff Fairman ◽  
Paresh Agarwal ◽  
Shylaja Arulkumar ◽  
Sandrine Barbanel ◽  

Abstract Background Due to the diversity of serotypes, exacerbated by the phenomenon of serotype replacement, there remains an unmet medical need for a pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV) containing additional serotypes. Using a cell-free protein synthesis (CFPS) platform to produce an enhanced carrier protein (eCRM®) based on the CRM197 sequence, Vaxcyte is developing a PCV encompassing over 30 serotypes. The eCRM carrier protein contains multiple insertions of the non-native amino acid para-azidomethyl-L-phenylalanine (pAMF) that facilitates site-specific conjugation of the pneumococcal polysaccharides (PS) to eCRM. Unlike conventional methodologies, site-selective conjugation enhances process consistency and increases capacity for inclusion of additional serotypes in a PCV without promoting carrier suppression. Using this platform, the aim of the current study was to employ CFPS technology to construct a 31-valent PCV and evaluate its immunogenicity in New Zealand White (NZW) rabbits. Methods The eCRM carrier protein was individually conjugated to each of 31 selected pneumococcal PSs using copper-free click chemistry to produce 31 Conjugate Drug Substances (DS), which were then mixed with aluminum phosphate to produce the VAX-XP Drug Product. 24 of the DS conjugates in VAX-XP were generated at manufacturing scale. Two doses of VAX-XP were administered to NZW rabbits at 0 and 21 days to assess its ability to elicit anti-capsular IgG antibodies. Additionally, rabbits were also administered either Prevnar13 or a mixture of Pneumovax 23 and 8 incremental PS in isotonic saline, as comparators. Results VAX-XP showed conjugate-like immune responses for all 31 serotypes, as demonstrated by superior responses to PS-based vaccines and comparable responses to Prevnar13. IgG responses for VAX-XP compared with Prevnar13 and Pneumovax 23 at 14 days post dose 2 Conclusion These results demonstrate that increasing the number of pneumococcal serotypes does not result in immunological attenuation in any of the serotypes contained in VAX-XP relative to the current standard of care. Furthermore, the data confirm the scalability and reproducibility of the CFPS platform in the production of VAX-XP conjugates, creating the foundation for a next generation broad-valency PCV. Disclosures Chris Behrens, PhD, Vaxcyte, Inc. (Employee) Jeff Fairman, PhD, Vaxcyte, Inc. (Employee) Paresh Agarwal, PhD, Vaxcyte, Inc. (Employee) Shylaja Arulkumar, MS, Vaxcyte, Inc. (Employee) Sandrine Barbanel, MS, Vaxcyte, Inc. (Employee) Leslie Bautista, n/a, Vaxcyte, Inc. (Employee) Aym Berges, PhD, Vaxcyte, Inc. (Employee) John Burky, BS, Vaxcyte, Inc. (Employee) Peter Davey, MS, Vaxcyte, Inc. (Employee) Chris Grainger, PhD, Vaxcyte, Inc. (Employee) Sherry Guo, PhD, Vaxcyte, Inc. (Employee) Sam Iki, MS, Vaxcyte, Inc. (Employee) Mark Iverson, BS, Vaxcyte, Inc. (Employee) Neeraj Kapoor, PhD, Vaxcyte, Inc. (Employee) Olivier Marcq, PhD, Vaxcyte, Inc. (Employee) Thi-Sau Migone, PhD, Vaxcyte, Inc. (Employee) Lucy Pill, MS, Vaxcyte, Inc. (Employee) Mohammed Sardar, n/a, Vaxcyte, Inc. (Employee) Paul Sauer, MBA, Vaxcyte, Inc. (Employee) James Wassil, MS MBA, Vaxcyte, Inc. (Employee)

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