Functional Endoscopic Sinus Surgery
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Medicina ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 57 (10) ◽  
pp. 1062
Sven Becker ◽  
Phillipp Gonser ◽  
Magnus Haas ◽  
Martin Sailer ◽  
Matthias F. Froelich ◽  

Background and Objectives: Preoperative planning utilizing computed tomographies (CT) is of utmost importance in functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS). Frequently, no uniform documentation and planning structures are available to residents in training. Consequently, overall completeness and quality of operation planning may vary greatly. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the impact of a structured operation planning (SOP) approach on the report quality and user convenience during a 4-day sinus surgery course. Materials and Methods: Fifteen participant were requested to plan a FESS procedure based on a CT scan of the paranasal sinuses that exhibited common pathological features, in a conventional manner, using a free text. Afterwards, the participants reevaluated the same scans by means of a specifically designed structured reporting template. Two experienced ENT surgeons assessed the collected conventional operation planning (COP) and SOP methods independently with regard to time requirements, overall quality, and legibility. User convenience data were collected by utilizing visual analogue scales. Results: A significantly greater time expenditure was associated with SOPs (183 s vs. 297 s, p = 0.0003). Yet, legibility (100% vs. 72%, p < 0.0001) and overall completeness (61.3% vs. 22.7%, p < 0.0001) of SOPs was significantly superior to COPs. Additionally, description of highly relevant variants in anatomy and pathologies were outlined in greater detail. User convenience data delineated a significant preference for SOPs (VAS 7.9 vs. 6.9, p = 0.0185). Conclusions: CT-based planning of FESS procedures by residents in training using a structured approach is more time-consuming while producing a superior report quality in terms of detailedness and readability. Consequently, SOP can be considered as a valuable tool in the process of preoperative evaluations, especially within residency.

2021 ◽  
Vol 8 ◽  
Masanobu Suzuki ◽  
Erich Vyskocil ◽  
Kazuhiro Ogi ◽  
Kotaro Matoba ◽  
Yuji Nakamaru ◽  

Objective: Traditionally, cadaveric courses have been an important tool in surgical education for Functional Endoscopic Sinus Surgery (FESS). The recent COVID-19 pandemic, however, has had a significant global impact on such courses due to its travel restrictions, social distancing regulations, and infection risk. Here, we report the world-first remote (Functional Endoscopic Sinus Surgery) FESS training course between Japan and Australia, utilizing novel 3D-printed sinus models. We examined the feasibility and educational effect of the course conducted entirely remotely with encrypted telemedicine software.Methods: Three otolaryngologists in Hokkaido, Japan, were trained to perform frontal sinus dissections on novel 3D sinus models of increasing difficulty, by two rhinologists located in Adelaide, South Australia. The advanced manufactured sinus models were 3D printed from the Computed tomography (CT) scans of patients with chronic rhinosinusitis. Using Zoom and the Quintree telemedicine platform, the surgeons in Adelaide first lectured the Japanese surgeons on the Building Block Concept for a three Dimensional understanding of the frontal recess. They in real time directly supervised the surgeons as they planned and then performed the frontal sinus dissections. The Japanese surgeons were asked to complete a questionnaire pertaining to their experience and the time taken to perform the frontal dissection was recorded. The course was streamed to over 200 otolaryngologists worldwide.Results: All dissectors completed five frontal sinusotomies. The time to identify the frontal sinus drainage pathway (FSDP) significantly reduced from 1,292 ± 672 to 321 ± 267 s (p = 0.02), despite an increase in the difficulty of the frontal recess anatomy. Image analysis revealed the volume of FSDP was improved (2.36 ± 0.00 to 9.70 ± 1.49 ml, p = 0.014). Questionnaires showed the course's general benefit was 95.47 ± 5.13 in dissectors and 89.24 ± 15.75 in audiences.Conclusion: The combination of telemedicine software, web-conferencing technology, standardized 3D sinus models, and expert supervision, provides excellent training outcomes for surgeons in circumstances when classical surgical workshops cannot be realized.

QJM ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 114 (Supplement_1) ◽  
Adel Mekhael Fahmy ◽  
Ehab HamedAbdel Salam ◽  
Mai MohsenAbdel Aziz ◽  
Egyphillines EmadeldinRizk Taleb

Abstract Background Functional Endoscopic Sinus Surgery (FESS) has been employed as a surgical intervention to treat chronic rhinosinusitis in patients with no response to drug therapy, during which the surgical vision may be greatly reduced by a small amount of bleeding. There by, the intraoperative controlled hypotension can improve the visibility. While excessive bleeding intraoperative cause serious complications in the postoperative period, including eye socket infections, visual acuity damage, meningeal infections, and other. Objective Induced hypotension limits intra operative (IO) blood loss provides better visibility of the surgical field and diminishes the incidence of major complications during Functional Endoscopic Sinus Surgery (FESS). We aimed at comparing Nitroglycerine; Magnesium Sulfate and Dexmedetomidine for inducing controlled hypotension and evaluate narcotic used, mac of inhalational anesthesia, and Ramsay Sedation Scale (RSS) in the recovery and pre-anesthetic time in patients undergoing Functional Endoscopic Sinus Surgery (FESS). Patients and Methods This study was conducted on 75 patients who underwent elective functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS) who matched the inclusion criteria and were randomly allocated into 3 groups each containing 25 patients. The first group received loading dose of dexmedetomidine 1μg/kg infused over 10 min before induction of anesthesia then 0.7 μg/kg/h via syringe pump, second group received nitroglycerine infusion at a dose of 2μg/kg/min according to the response started after induction, intubation, positioning and sterilization of the patient and third group received a loading dose of magnesium sulfate 40 mg/kg over 10 minutes followed by an infusion 15mg/kg/h via syringe pump. Results The result of our study showed that dexmedetomidine, magnesium sulfate, or nitroglycerine successfully induced deliberate hypotension and were effective in providing good surgical field during FESS, but dexmedetomidine showed superior hemodynamic profile. Compared with nitroglycerine, both dexmedetomidine and magnesium sulfate offered the advantage of inherent analgesic and sedative effect. Conclusion Dexmedetomidine, magnesium sulfate, or nitroglycerine successfully induced deliberate hypotension and were effective in providing good surgical field during FESS, but dexmedetomidine showed superior hemodynamic profile. Compared with nitroglycerine, both dexmedetomidine and magnesium sulfate offered the advantage of inherent analgesic and sedative effect. Dexmedetomidine also showed shorter duration of surgery with less blood loss and favorable frommer score with more surgeon satisfaction. Dexmedetomidine showed longest time to 1st analgesic rescue in PACU comparing with magnesium sulfate and nitroglycerine. So, it’s advised to use dexmedetomidine to induce hypotension than magnesium sulfate and nitroglycerine. However, dexmedetomidine should be used with caution as it caused hypotension and bradycardia, t had sedative effect with low aldert score comparing with nitroglycerine and magnesium sulfate.

Younes Steffens ◽  
Serge-daniel Lebon ◽  
Normunds rungevics-kiselovs ◽  
Jamal Aitichou ◽  
Mihaela Horoi

We report the first published case of a mucocele found in a pneumatized pterygoid process (PPP) managed by endonasal endoscopic surgery. This case report highlights the difficulties that can arise from PPP during functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS) as the one encountered here

P. K. Roopa Rajavarthini ◽  
I. Venkatraman

Multi detector computed tomography (MDCT) scan of paranasal sinuses has become mandatory for all patients undergoing functional endoscopic sinus surgery. It depicts the anatomical variations in much simpler way and acts as a roadmap for endoscopic sinus surgery. In this study the maximum of participants were in the age group of 41- 50 years (32 %). The mean age of the study participants was observed to be 43.8 ± 15.6 years. HRCT PNS results shows nasal septum was found to be the most common anatomical variant (DNS- 94%). Concha Bullosa in right side were seen in 37.5% and left side were 21.9% (total unilateral cases- 59.4%) and bilateral Concha Bullosa were seen in 40.6% of the cases. Agger nasi were found to be present in 58% of the CRS cases among which right AN was 41%, left side was 30.8%, and bilateral AN were seen in 28.2% of the cases and Paradoxical Middle Turbinate were seen in 42% of cases in our study. Medialised uncinate was seen in 22% of the cases.

2021 ◽  
Vol 10 (38) ◽  
pp. 3351-3355
Ganesh Manohar Vihapure ◽  
Akshay Sorade ◽  
Kaenat Ahmed ◽  
Lakshmi Sravya Yarlagadda ◽  
Khaleel Basha Munnaru

BACKGROUND The paranasal sinuses (PNS) have various anatomical difference. Computed tomography (CT) is an excellent means of providing anatomical information of this region, disease extent, assisting endoscopic evaluation and guiding treatment. Functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS) has become an increasingly popular treatment for chronic sinus diseases. CT of the paranasal sinuses has become a roadmap for FESS. The present study focuses on the assessment of the efficacy, safety and benefits of functional endoscopic sinus surgery in cases of maxillary pathologies and also study the anatomical variations in maxillary sinus in computed tomography and its usefulness in planning and management of chronic sinonasal diseases. METHODS It was a prospective study and a total of 80 patients were included in this study from July 2019 to June 2020 in the Otolaryngology Department, KIMS, Karad. Standard surgical steps were applied in each case according to the extent of disease. All patients underwent standard post-operative care. All findings were recorded and studied. RESULTS Total number of patients were 80. Of which, 31 (38.75 %) patients were operated for ethmoidal polyp, 24 (30 %) for chronic rhinosinusitis, 10 (12.5 %) for antrochoanal polyp, 9 (11.25 %) for rhinosporidiosis and 6 (7.5 %) for inverted papilloma. Postoperative complications were periorbital echymoses (13 %), synechiae (2.5 %), epiphora (2.5 %), infection (2.5 %), hemorrhage (4 %). Complete relief of symptoms were noted in 81.67 % cases. CONCLUSIONS Successful outcome and patient satisfaction post treatment can be obtained by careful evaluation and patient selection by history, examination and most importantly, proper imaging of the sinuses. KEY WORDS Maxillary Sinus, Sinusitis, Nasal Polyp, Paranasal Sinus Disease, Computed Tomography (CT)

2021 ◽  
Vol 11 (18) ◽  
pp. 8616
Franziska Eva Schwan ◽  
Maximilian Traxdorf ◽  
Caroline Theresa Seebauer ◽  
Andrzej Sekita ◽  
Cornelia Habekost ◽  

(1) Background: The use of navigation systems is rarely necessary for routine sinus surgery. They may prove to be advantageous for difficult operations, for example, in finding structures that are difficult to reach, in the treatment of cancers, or in revisional surgery. Navigation systems are also said to have positive effects on the self-confidence of surgeons in stressful situations and in the training of doctors. (2) Methods: This retrospective study included patients who underwent surgical treatment for chronic sinusitis from 2012 to 2016 at the ENT clinic of the University Hospital, Erlangen. Two groups were formed; one includes patients without navigated sinus surgery, the other includes those with navigation. The incision–suture times of both groups and cost analysis are compared. An appropriate cost estimate for sinus surgery is determined. (3) Results: From the available results, no economically efficient navigation systems in sinus surgery at the ENT clinic can be shown. The main reason is that lengthening the operating time leads to higher costs. (4) Conclusions: Although the use of a navigation system for endonasal sinus surgery cannot be economically justified, it is an important tool, especially in cases with complex anatomical conditions, and the system is essential for training purposes.

2021 ◽  
Vol 23 (09) ◽  
pp. 640-645
Vignesh Naachiyappan Meiyappan ◽  
Dr. Naveen Nagendran ◽  
Dr. Karthik Krishna Ramakrishnan ◽  
Dr. Sneha Yarlagadda ◽  

Introduction Agger nasi and haller cells are few of the common anatomical variants of Paranasal Sinuses (PNS) . They can cause obstruction of osteomeatal complex and frontal recess and can cause refractive sinusitis. Also these variants can lead to complications during procedures like Functional Endoscopic Sinus Surgery (FESS). Hence, complete knowledge about these variants and imaging features help in early diagnosis and also helps in avoiding complications during surgery. Materials and Method A retrospective study of 100 patients conducted during the period from January 2021- April 2021 in Saveetha Medical College and Hospital. All the patients included in the study were referred from the department of otorhinolaryngology for Computed Tomography of PNS. All the images were individually analysed and evaluated for occurrence of Agar Nasi cells and Haller cell variants. Results Out of the study population of 100 patients, 56% of the patients were observed for Agger Nasi cells and 19% of the patients were observed for Haller cells. Conclusion Our study concludes that agger nasi and haller cells are found in a significant proportion of the study population. Hence, Identifying these anatomical variants with great accuracy will help in diagnosing and appropriate management of refractive sinusitis and also be critical in supporting surgeons in tailoring surgery for patients when done preoperatively and thereby avoid fatal complications during procedures (1).

2021 ◽  
Vol 11 (18) ◽  
pp. 8446
Mi-Hyun Seo ◽  
Ju-Young Lee ◽  
Paul Frimpong ◽  
Mi-Young Eo ◽  
Soung-Min Kim

This case series describes an alternative approach for removing ectopically erupted tooth in the maxillary sinus using an improved endoscopic approach known as modified endoscopic-assisted sinus surgery (MESS). We reviewed medical charts and radiographs of patients who underwent surgical removal of an ectopic tooth in the maxillary sinus using MESS. The surgical technique consisted of creating a bony window in the maxillary sinus wall with a pre-adapted microplate, which was repositioned after the tooth was removed. For all the patients included in this study, there were no postoperative complications clinically and radiographically. At the time of microplate removal, satisfactory bone regeneration was observed around the bony window margins of the maxillary sinus wall. MESS is an effective technique that modifies and integrates the techniques of the conventional Caldwell-Luc procedure (CLP) and functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS) and can be used to remove ectopic tooth in the maxillary sinus by avoiding the risk of postoperative sinus-related complications.

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