Cochlear Nerve Deficiency
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2021 ◽  
Vol Publish Ahead of Print ◽  
Kazuki Matsuura ◽  
Hidekane Yoshimura ◽  
Jun Shinagawa ◽  
Masahiro Kurozumi ◽  
Yutaka Takumi

2021 ◽  
pp. 000348942110195
Nicholas A. Dewyer ◽  
Sullivan Smith ◽  
Barbara Herrmann ◽  
Katherine L. Reinshagen ◽  
Daniel J. Lee

Objective: To characterize the prevalence, imaging characteristics, and cochlear implant candidacy of pediatric patients with single-sided deafness (SSD). Methods: An audiometric database of patients evaluated at a large tertiary academic medical center was retrospectively queried to identify pediatric patients (<18 years old) with SSD, defined as severe to profound sensorineural hearing loss in one ear and normal hearing in the other. Medical records of identified patients were reviewed to characterize the prevalence, etiology, and cochlear implant candidacy of pediatric patients with SSD. Results: We reviewed audiometric data obtained from 1993 to 2018 for 52,878 children at our institution. 191 (0.36%) had the diagnosis of SSD. Cochlear nerve deficiency (either hypoplasia or aplasia) diagnosed on MRI and/or CT was the most common etiology of SSD and was present in 22 of 88 (25%) pediatric SSD patients with available imaging data. 70 of 106 (66%) pediatric SSD patients with available imaging had anatomy amenable to cochlear implantation. Conclusions: Pediatric SSD is a rare condition and the most common etiology based on radiology is cochlear nerve deficiency. High resolution imaging of the temporal bone is essential to determine cochlear nerve morphology prior to consideration of cochlear implantation.

2020 ◽  
Vol 16 (3) ◽  
pp. 297-302
Iylia Ajmal Othman ◽  
Asma Abdullah ◽  
Goh Bee See ◽  
Cila Umat ◽  

2020 ◽  
Vol Publish Ahead of Print ◽  
Medhat Yousef ◽  
Tamer A. Mesallam ◽  
Soha N. Garadat ◽  
Ayna Almasaad ◽  
Farid Alzhrani ◽  

Diagnostics ◽  
2020 ◽  
Vol 10 (9) ◽  
pp. 672
Sang-Yeon Lee ◽  
Doo-Yi Oh ◽  
Jin Hee Han ◽  
Min Young Kim ◽  
Bonggi Kim ◽  

Routine application of next-generation sequencing in clinical settings is often limited by time- and cost-prohibitive complex filtering steps. Despite the previously introduced genotyping kit that allows screening of the 11 major recurring variants of sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) genes in the Korean population, the demand for phenotype- and variant-specific screening kits still remains. Herein, we developed a new real-time PCR-based kit (U-TOP™ HL Genotyping Kit Ver2), comprising six variants from two auditory neuropathy spectrum disorder (ANSD) genes (OTOF and ATP1A3) and five variants from three SNHL genes (MPZL2, COCH, and TMC1), with a distinct auditory phenotype, making this the first genotyping kit dedicated to ANSD. The concordance rate with Sanger sequencing, sensitivity, and specificity of this genotyping kit were all 100%, suggesting reliability. The kit not only allows timely and cost-effective identification of recurring OTOF variants, but it also allows timely detection of cochlear nerve deficiency for those without OTOF variants. Herein, we provide a clinical guideline for an efficient, rapid, and cost-effective etiologic diagnosis of prelingual ANSD. Our study provides a good example of continuing to update new key genetic variants, which will continuously be revealed through NGS, as targets for the newly developed genotyping kit.

2020 ◽  
Vol 100 (1) ◽  
pp. 31-37
Varun V. Varadarajan ◽  
Sarah A. Sydlowski ◽  
Michael M. Li ◽  
Samantha Anne ◽  
Oliver F. Adunka

The indications for cochlear implantation have gradually expanded as advancements in technology have evolved, resulting in improved audiologic outcomes for both adult and children. There remains a significant underutilization of cochlear implant technology in the United States, and recognition of the potential benefits of cochlear implantation for non-traditional indications is critical for encouraging the evolution of candidacy criteria. Adult cochlear implantation candidacy has progressed from patients with bilateral profound sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) to include patients with greater degrees of residual hearing, single-sided deafness and asymmetric hearing, and atypical etiologies of hearing loss (eg, vestibular schwannoma, Ménière’s disease, and otosclerosis). Indications for pediatric cochlear implantation have similarly evolved from children with bilateral severe to profound SNHL to implanting children at a younger age, including those with residual hearing, asymmetric hearing loss, inner ear malformations, as well as cochlear nerve deficiency. In this editorial, the literature investigating cochlear implantation for nontraditional indications is reviewed with an aim to use the best available evidence to encourage the evolution of candidacy criteria.

2020 ◽  
Vol 134 (6) ◽  
pp. 509-518
E Tahir ◽  
M D Bajin ◽  
S Jafarov ◽  
M Ö Yıldırım ◽  
B Ç Çınar ◽  

AbstractObjectiveTo determine the prevalence and distribution of inner-ear malformations in congenital single-sided deafness cases, as details of malformation type are crucial for disease prognosis and management.MethodsA retrospective study was conducted of 90 patients aged under 16 years with congenital single-sided deafness. Radiological findings were evaluated using computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging. Inner-ear malformations were identified and cochlear nerve status was determined in affected ears.ResultsOut of 90 ears, 42 (46.7 per cent) were found to have inner-ear malformation. Isolated cochlear aperture stenosis was the most common anomaly (n = 18, 20 per cent), followed by isolated cochlear aperture atresia (n = 11, 12.2 per cent) and cochlear hypoplasia (n = 7, 7.8 per cent). Cochlear nerve deficiency was encountered in 41 ears (45.6 per cent). The internal auditory canal was also stenotic in 49 ears (54.4 per cent).ConclusionInner-ear malformations, especially cochlear aperture anomalies, are involved in the aetiology of single-sided deafness more than expected. The cause of single-sided deafness differs greatly between congenital and adult-onset cases. All children with single-sided deafness should undergo radiological evaluation, as the prognosis and management, as well as the aetiology, may be significantly influenced by inner-ear malformation type.

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