Hearing Loss
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Author(s):  
Cecilia Rosso ◽  
Liliana Colletti ◽  
Martina Foltran ◽  
Alberto Maria Saibene ◽  
Antonia Pisani ◽  
...  

Author(s):  
Ohoud Adel Turkistani ◽  
Wjdan Abduljlil Al Arqan ◽  
Rania Saad Alkhaibry ◽  
Yazan Adnan Ayoub ◽  
Rawan Mesfer Alhuthali ◽  
...  

Hearing loss is considered among the most common chronic disorders affecting people worldwide, especially older adults and geriatrics. More than half of older adults have age-related hearing loss, which worsens with age. The role of public health to estimate and manage the issue is crucial as early screening and management for hearing loss patients can be promising. The symptoms and signs of hearing loss can appear one up to two years before the significant hearing affection. Major lessons learned from this review are that elderly individuals and geriatrics are the most common targeted population for age-related hearing loss, followed by ear wax accumulation. Therefore, routine checkup for people who are 50 years for audiological disorders is a must. Associated disorders secondary to hearing loss include depression and anxiety, which significantly burden productivity over time. To our knowledge, we performed the first complex review regarding the screening for hearing loss within the setting of primary care centers and mentioned the most standard test used to diagnose and detect the issue as early as possible.


2021 ◽  
pp. 1-38
Author(s):  
Erik Witte ◽  
Jonas Ekeroot ◽  
Susanne Köbler

Abstract The speech perception ability of people with hearing loss can be efficiently measured using phonemic-level scoring. We aimed to develop linguistic stimuli suitable for a closed-set phonemic discrimination test in the Swedish language called the Situated Phoneme (SiP) test. The SiP test stimuli that we developed consisted of real monosyllabic words with minimal phonemic contrast, realised by phonetically similar phones. The lexical and sublexical factors of word frequency, phonological neighbourhood density, phonotactic probability, and orthographic transparency were similar between all contrasting words. Each test word was recorded five times by two different speakers, including one male and one female. The accuracy of the test-word recordings was evaluated by 28 normal-hearing subjects in a listening experiment with a silent background using a closed-set design. With a few exceptions, all test words could be correctly discriminated. We discuss the results in terms of content- and construct-validity implications for the Swedish SiP test.


2021 ◽  
Vol 31 (5) ◽  
Author(s):  
Rebecca Bennett ◽  
Caitlin Barr ◽  
Nicole Conway ◽  
Susie Fletcher ◽  
Joel Rhee ◽  
...  

2021 ◽  
Vol 31 (5) ◽  
Author(s):  
Catherine McMahon ◽  
Caitlin Barr ◽  
Jessica Vitkovic ◽  
Bamini Gopinath

2021 ◽  
pp. 34-43
Author(s):  
T. Yu. Vladimirova ◽  
A. B. Martynova

Introduction. The article is devoted to the special role of the primary care physician - therapist, geriatrician, general practitioner, in assisting the elderly and senile in taking appropriate and timely measures in identifying people with chronic sensorineural hearing loss (SNL), consulting them at the stage of primary health care.Aim of the study. Understand the intended role of general practitioners and therapist in identifying and counseling patients with hearing loss in primary health care.Materials and methods. A survey of general practitioners and therapist was conducted in the form of 88 statements, collected in six concepts, in response to the question “What should be the role of a general practitioner in the treatment of chronic sensorineural hearing loss in persons of an older age group?” in the format of a Google-questionnaire.Results. The results showed a sufficient awareness of general practitioners and therapist about the predisposition of their elderly patients to hearing loss and the significance of the associated consequences on the quality of life. As a result of the data obtained, the highest percentage of statements was noted in Concept 1 “Determine - Diagnose - Discuss” and varied on individual issues from 27.8% to 55.6%, the lowest - in Concept 5 “Educate - Strategise - Encourage” and ranged from 16.7% to 44.4%.Discussion. Strengthening collaboration between therapists and otorhinolaryngologists, otorhinolaryngologists, and audiologists is the most effective strategy for reducing individuals with untreated SNL. The importance of the role of the primary care physician in multidisciplinary care and its coordination is especially emphasized in the concept of “Know - Refer - Coordinate”.Conclusions. The authors conclude that the priority concept of modern health care, which makes it possible to significantly improve the quality of life of patients in the older age group and reduce the psychosocial consequences of hearing loss.


2021 ◽  
pp. 35-40
Author(s):  
V. A. Parfenov

Ménière’s disease (MD) is an idiopathic inner ear disease, which is characterized by noise in the ears, periodic attacks of vertigo and the development of sensorineural hearing loss. MD is characterized by endolymphatic hydrops – an increase in the volume of endolymph that fills the membered labyrinth of the inner ear. Currently highlighted subtypes MD. The first subtype meets most often and is characterized by classical manifestations of MD. The second subtype is characterized by the development of sensorineural hearing loss, to which only after a long time are joined by the episodes of dizziness. The third subtype of MD includes family cases of the disease. The fourth and fifth subtypes of MD is observed in patients with migraine and autoimmune diseases. The diagnosis of definite MD is based on the 2 or more spontaneous episodes of vertigo with each lasting 20 minutes to 12 hours, low-to medium-frequency sensorineural hearing loss in one ear, fluctuating aural symptoms (fullness, hearing, tinnitus) located in the affected ear, and lack of data for other reasons for dizziness. There are no effective treatment for auditory disorders MD, therapy is aimed at preventing dizziness attacks. The first line of MD’s therapy includes a dietary salt restriction, the use of betahistine and diuretics. Betahistine (Betaserc) is usually used in a daily dose of 48 mg for 3–6 months to reduce the frequency of vertigo. For long-term treatment, it is convenient to use a betahistine modified-released (Betaserc Long) 48 mg, taken once a day. With the ineffectiveness of conservative therapy, other methods of therapy are possible: intratympanic administration of corticosteroids or gentamicin, labyrinthectomy or vestibular neurectomy. Unfortunately, many patients suffering from BM mistakenly makes a diagnosis of cerebrovascular disease, vertebrobasilar insufficiency, cervical osteochondrosis. Diagnostic errors are usually caused by the fact that the patients with MD are not conducted audiometry, vestibular tests, and the signs of cerebral microangiopathy identified when MRI brain are mistakenly regarded as confirmation of vascular dizziness genesis.


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