Endoscopic Approach
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Author(s):  
Antoine Berberi ◽  
Georges Aoun ◽  
Bouchra Hjeij ◽  
Maissa AboulHosn ◽  
Roy Hallak ◽  
...  

Accidental implant displacement into the maxillary sinuses and accompanying complications are well documented in the literature. Two surgical approaches have been suggested to remove the displaced implants and to handle the related complications: an intraoral approach and the nasal endoscopy. The intraoral approach is preferred in cases of absence of local infection, ostium obstruction, and oroantral communication needing to be closed. The nasal approach, besides retrieval of displaced implants, allows the treatment of any associated pathology and reestablishment of the mucociliary clearance as well as the natural ventilation through the ostium. This article reports two clinical cases of implant displacement in the maxillary sinus treated with a nasal endoscopy through the middle meatal meatotomy. This article reports two clinical cases of implant displacement in the maxillary sinus treated with a nasal endoscopy through the middle meatal meatotomy. Implants accidentally displaced can be avoided by a proper exploration of the preoperative x-ray, selecting an appropriate treatment plan, and esteeming the surgical skills. The most appropriate approach to handle these complications is close cooperation between oral surgeons and otolaryngologists.


2021 ◽  
pp. 014556132110436
Author(s):  
David Shang-Yu Hung ◽  
Wei-Ting Lee ◽  
Yi-Lu Li ◽  
Jiunn-Liang Wu

Pulsatile tinnitus (PT) caused by a high-riding dehiscence jugular bulb (HDJB) is a rare but treatable otology disease. There are several managements include transcatheter endovascular coil embolization, transvenous stent–assisted coil embolization, or resurfacing the dehiscent bony wall of high jugular bulb under the use of microscope. Among those options, surgical resurfacing of HDJB might be an effective and safe choice with less destruction. However, previous studies approached middle ear cavity via microscope can only provide a lateral, indirect view, while resurfacing the vessel through a transcanal endoscopic ear surgery (TEES) approach may give surgeon a direct and easy way to manage HDJB. In this report, we presented a case of 40-year-old woman with HDJB and shared our clinical consideration and reasoning of the surgical management of PT via a transtympanic approach by TEES rather than a transmastoid approach.


2021 ◽  
Author(s):  
Petru Gurău ◽  
Vitalie Tîrbu ◽  
Eusebiu Sencu ◽  
Sergiu Vetricean

2021 ◽  
pp. 1-15
Author(s):  
Savas Ceylan ◽  
Harun Emre Sen ◽  
Bedrettin Ozsoy ◽  
Ecem Cemre Ceylan ◽  
Anil Ergen ◽  
...  

OBJECTIVE Giant pituitary adenoma is considered a challenging pathology for surgery owing to its complications and low resection rate. In this study, the authors present their experience of using the endoscopic endonasal approach to treat patients with giant pituitary adenoma, and they aimed to develop a classification system for prediction of extent of resection. METHODS The institutional medical records of patients diagnosed with giant pituitary adenoma who underwent endoscopic endonasal transsphenoidal surgery between August 1997 and December 2019 were retrospectively reviewed. Surgical and clinical outcomes were evaluated in detail. The effects of tumor characteristics on extent of resection were analyzed. The findings were used to develop two classification systems that could preoperatively predict extent of resection. Morphological score was based on tumor characteristics, and landmark-based classification was defined according to surgical zones based on neurovascular landmarks. The effects of change in surgical strategy, which aimed to maximize tumor resection and capsule dissection, on rates of resection and complications were evaluated before and after 2017. RESULTS This study included 205 patients, with a mean patient age of 46.95 years and mean preoperative tumor diameter of 46.56 mm. Gross-total resection (GTR) was achieved in 35.12% of patients, near-total resection (NTR) in 39.51%, and subtotal resection (STR) in 25.36%. Extent of resection differed significantly between the grades and zones of the classification systems (p < 0.001 for both). Among patients with grade 3 tumor, 75.75% of patients achieved STR, 21.21% achieved NTR, and 3.03% achieved GTR. Among patients with zone 3 tumor, 65.75% achieved STR, 32.87% achieved NTR, and 1.36% achieved GTR. Both grade 3 and zone 3 indicated limited extent of resection. The mean (range) follow-up duration was 50.16 (9–247) months. Postoperative recovery of at least one hormone axis was seen in 15.24% of patients with pituitary deficiency, and development of new hormonal deficiency was observed in 22.43% of patients. Complications included permanent diabetes insipidus (7.80%), cerebrospinal fluid leakage (3.90%), postoperative apoplexy (3.90%), meningitis (3.41%), and epistaxis (3.41%). The surgical mortality rate was 1.46%. Among 85 patients treated before 2017, 27.05% of patients achieved GTR, 37.64% achieved NTR, and 35.29% achieved STR; among 120 patients treated after 2017, 40.83% achieved GTR, 40.83% achieved NTR, and 18.33% achieved STR. Seven patients in the pre-2017 cohort had postoperative apoplexy versus only 1 patient in the post-2017 cohort. There were no statistically significant differences between the two periods in terms of the incidence rates of other complications. CONCLUSIONS Capsule dissection and GTR are valuable for preventing serious complications and reducing recurrence of giant adenoma. Treatment of giant pituitary adenoma may be better managed with the help of a classification system that provides information about extent of resection that can be achieved with an endoscopic approach.


2021 ◽  
Vol 108 (Supplement_6) ◽  
Author(s):  
T K Tan ◽  
J Merola ◽  
M Zaben ◽  
W Gray ◽  
P Leach

Abstract Aim Basal ganglia haemorrhage (BGH) is the most common type of intracerebral bleed with high morbidity and mortality rate. The efficacy between craniotomy and endoscopic approach in BGH is still debatable and advancement in minimally invasive technique has made endoscopic approach the preferred option. The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to evaluate the outcomes of craniotomy and endoscopic approach in BGH. Method Databases of PubMed, EMBASE, MEDLINE and CENTRAL were systematically searched from its inception until December 2020. All randomized clinical trials and observational studies comparing craniotomy versus endoscopic approach in BGH were included. Results Twelve studies enrolling 1297 patients (craniotomy:675, endoscopy:632) were included for qualitative and quantitative analysis. Endoscopic approach was associated with significantly lower postoperative mortality (OR:0.35, P &lt; 0.00001), higher haematoma evacuation rate (MD:4.95, P = 0.0002), shorter operative time (MD:-117.03, P &lt; 0.00001), lesser intraoperative blood loss (MD:-328.47, P &lt; 0.00001), higher postoperative Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) (MD:1.14, P = 0.01), higher postoperative Glasgow Outcome Scale (GOS) (MD:0.44, P = 0.05), shorter length of hospital stay (MD:-2.90, P &lt; 0.00001), lower complication rate (OR:0.30, P = 0.0004), lower infection rate (OR:0.29, P &lt; 0.00001) and lower modified Rankin Scale (mRS) (MD:-0.57, P = 0.004) compared to craniotomy. No significant difference was detected in reoperation, intracranial infection, re-bleeding. Conclusions The best available evidence suggest that endoscopic approach has better outcomes in mortality rate, operative time, haematoma evacuation rate, intraoperative blood loss, length of hospital stay, mRS, postoperative GCS and GOS compared with craniotomy in the management of BGH. However, there is a need for high quality randomised controlled trials with large sample size for definite conclusions.


2021 ◽  
Author(s):  
Changkun Zheng ◽  
Zhong Liao ◽  
Weiliang cui

Abstract Objective: The objective of this article was to analysis the efficacy of percutaneous full endoscopic posterior decompression for revision of lumbar spinal dynamic stabilization.Methods: Twenty consecutive patients with failed lumbar spinal dynamic stabilization presenting with leg pain that had supporting imaging diagnosis of lateral stenosis and /or residual / recurrent disc herniation, or whose pain complaint was supported by relief from diagnostic and therapeutic injections, were offered percutaneous transforaminal endoscopic discectomy and foraminoplasty over a repeat open procedure. Each patient sought consultation following a transient successful, partially successful or unsuccessful open lumbar spinal dynamic stabilization surgery for disc herniation or spinal stenosis. Endoscopic foraminoplasty was also performed to either decompress the bony foramen for foraminal stenosis, or foraminoplasty to allow for endoscopic visual examination of the affected traversing and exiting nerve roots in the axilla. The average follow up time was, average 37.9 months, minimum 24 months. Outcome data at each visit included Macnab, VAS and ODI.Results: The average leg Visual Analog Scale improved from 8.9 ± 2.6 to 1.08± 0.7 (p < 0.005). Fifteen patients had excellent outcomes, four had good outcomes, one had fair outcomes, and no had poor outcomes, according to the Macnab criteria (Table 2). Nineteen of 20 patients had excellent or good outcomes, for an overall success rate of 95%. No patients required reoperation. There were no incidental durotomies, infections, vascular or visceral injuries. They were also relieved to be able to avoid "open" decompression.Conclusion: The transforaminal endoscopic approach is effective for failed lumbar spinal dynamic stabilization surgery due to residual/recurrent nucleus pulposus and lateral stenosis. Failed initial index surgery may involve failure to recognize patho-anatomy in the axilla of the foramen housing the traversing and the exiting nerve. The transforaminal endoscopic approach effectively decompresses the foramen and does not further destabilize the spine needing stabilization. It also avoids going through the previous surgical site.


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