finite element modeling
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2022 ◽  
Vol 253 ◽  
pp. 113808
Ilias Zacharakis ◽  
Dimitrios Giagopoulos ◽  
Alexandros Arailopoulos ◽  
Olga Markogiannaki

Structures ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 36 ◽  
pp. 1080-1096
Krishanu Roy ◽  
Hieng Ho Lau ◽  
Zhiyuan Fang ◽  
Rehan Masood ◽  
Tina Chui Huon Ting ◽  

Julien Wegrzyn ◽  
Alexander Antoniadis ◽  
Ehsan Sarshari ◽  
Matthieu Boubat ◽  
Alexandre Terrier

Abstract Purpose Concerns remain about potential increased wear with dual mobility cups related to the multiple articulations involved in this specific design of implant. This finite element analysis study aimed to compare polyethylene (PE) wear between dual mobility cup and conventional acetabular component, and between the use of conventional ultra-high molecular weight PE (UHMWPE) and highly cross-linked PE (XPLE). Methods Patient-specific finite element modeling was developed for 15 patients undergoing primary total hip arthroplasty (THA). Five acetabular components were 3D modeled and compared in THA constructs replicating existing implants: a dual mobility cup with a 22.2-mm-diameter femoral head against UHMWPE or XLPE (DM22PE or DM22XL), a conventional cup with a 22.2-mm-diameter femoral head against UHMWPE (SD22PE) and a conventional cup with a 32-mm-diameter femoral head against UHMWPE or XLPE (SD32PE or SD32XL). Results DM22PE produced 4.6 times and 5.1 times more volumetric wear than SD32XL and DM22XL (p < 0.0001, Cohen’s d = 6.97 and 7.11; respectively). However, even if significant, the differences in volumetric wear between DM22XL and SD32XL as well as between DM22PE and SD22PE or SD32PE were small according to their effect size (p < 0.0001, Cohen’s |d|= 0.48 to 0.65) and could be therefore considered as clinically negligible. Conclusion When using XLPE instead of UHMWPE, dual mobility cup with a 22.2-mm-diameter femoral head produced a similar amount of volumetric wear than conventional acetabular component with a 32-mm-diameter femoral head against XLPE. Therefore, XLPE is advocated in dual mobility cup to improve its wear performance.

Geosciences ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (1) ◽  
pp. 30
Mikhail Epov ◽  
Anastasia Glinskikh ◽  
Oleg Nechaev

(1) This article is devoted to the development of a theoretical and algorithmic basis for numerical modeling of the spontaneous potential method (SP) as applied to the study of sandy-argillaceous reservoirs. (2) In terms of coupled flows, we consider a physical–mathematical model of SP signals from an electrochemical source, with regards to the case of fluid-saturated shaly sandstone. (3) An algorithm for 2D finite-element modeling of SP signals was developed and implemented in software, along with its internal and external testing with analytical solutions. The numerical SP modeling was carried out, determining the dependences on the reservoir thickness and porosity, the amount of argillaceous material and the type of minerals. We performed a comparative analysis of the simulated and field SP data, using the results of laboratory core examinations taken from wells in a number of fields in the Latitudinal Ob Region of Western Siberia. (4) The results of the study may be used either for the development of the existing SP techniques, by providing them with a consistent computational model, or for the design of new experimental approaches.

2022 ◽  
O.S. Zhelezkov

Abstract. Research has been carried out on the process of plastic folding of bar stocks with round and barrel-shaped cross-sections. The dependence of the movement of the movable tool on the bending angle has been established. The force parameters of the deformation process and the stress-strain state in the bending workpiece are determined based on the results of finite element modeling of plastic bending.

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