explicit formula
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Gennadiy Averkov ◽  
Christopher Hojny ◽  
Matthias Schymura

AbstractThe relaxation complexity $${{\,\mathrm{rc}\,}}(X)$$ rc ( X ) of the set of integer points X contained in a polyhedron is the smallest number of facets of any polyhedron P such that the integer points in P coincide with X. It is a useful tool to investigate the existence of compact linear descriptions of X. In this article, we derive tight and computable upper bounds on $${{\,\mathrm{rc}\,}}_\mathbb {Q}(X)$$ rc Q ( X ) , a variant of $${{\,\mathrm{rc}\,}}(X)$$ rc ( X ) in which the polyhedra P are required to be rational, and we show that $${{\,\mathrm{rc}\,}}(X)$$ rc ( X ) can be computed in polynomial time if X is 2-dimensional. Further, we investigate computable lower bounds on $${{\,\mathrm{rc}\,}}(X)$$ rc ( X ) with the particular focus on the existence of a finite set $$Y \subseteq \mathbb {Z}^d$$ Y ⊆ Z d such that separating X and $$Y \setminus X$$ Y \ X allows us to deduce $${{\,\mathrm{rc}\,}}(X) \ge k$$ rc ( X ) ≥ k . In particular, we show for some choices of X that no such finite set Y exists to certify the value of $${{\,\mathrm{rc}\,}}(X)$$ rc ( X ) , providing a negative answer to a question by Weltge (2015). We also obtain an explicit formula for $${{\,\mathrm{rc}\,}}(X)$$ rc ( X ) for specific classes of sets X and present the first practically applicable approach to compute $${{\,\mathrm{rc}\,}}(X)$$ rc ( X ) for sets X that admit a finite certificate.

Guoquan Qin ◽  
Zhenya Yan ◽  
Boling Guo

In this paper, we investigate the initial value problem of a nonlocal sine-type µ-Camassa-Holm (µCH) equation, which is the µ-version of the sine-type CH equation. We first discuss its local well-posedness in the framework of Besov spaces. Then a sufficient condition on the initial data is provided to ensure the occurance of the wave-breaking phenomenon. We finally prove the H¨older continuity of the data-to-solution map, and find the explicit formula of the global weak periodic peakon solution.

2021 ◽  
Vol 33 (1) ◽  
pp. 1-22
D. Artamonov

The Clebsh–Gordan coefficients for the Lie algebra g l 3 \mathfrak {gl}_3 in the Gelfand–Tsetlin base are calculated. In contrast to previous papers, the result is given as an explicit formula. To obtain the result, a realization of a representation in the space of functions on the group G L 3 GL_3 is used. The keystone fact that allows one to carry the calculation of Clebsh–Gordan coefficients is the theorem that says that functions corresponding to the Gelfand–Tsetlin base vectors can be expressed in terms of generalized hypergeometric functions.

Symmetry ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 14 (1) ◽  
pp. 35
Cristina B. Corcino ◽  
Roberto B. Corcino ◽  
Baby Ann A. Damgo ◽  
Joy Ann A. Cañete

The Fourier series expansion of Apostol–tangent polynomials is derived using the Cauchy residue theorem and a complex integral over a contour. This Fourier series and the Hurwitz–Lerch zeta function are utilized to obtain the explicit formula at rational arguments of these polynomials. Using the Lipschitz summation formula, an integral representation of Apostol–tangent polynomials is also obtained.

2021 ◽  
Vol 8 (1) ◽  
Kieran Child

AbstractWe derive an explicit formula for the trace of an arbitrary Hecke operator on spaces of twist-minimal holomorphic cusp forms with arbitrary level and character, and weight at least 2. We show that this formula provides an efficient way of computing Fourier coefficients of basis elements for newform or cusp form spaces. This work was motivated by the development of a twist-minimal trace formula in the non-holomorphic case by Booker, Lee and Strömbergsson, as well as the presentation of a fully generalised trace formula for the holomorphic case by Cohen and Strömberg.

2021 ◽  
Vol 56 (2) ◽  
pp. 271-286
László Losonczi ◽  

In this paper we consider pentadiagonal \((n+1)\times(n+1)\) matrices with two subdiagonals and two superdiagonals at distances \(k\) and \(2k\) from the main diagonal where \(1\le k \lt 2k\le n\). We give an explicit formula for their determinants and also consider the Toeplitz and “imperfect” Toeplitz versions of such matrices. Imperfectness means that the first and last \(k\) elements of the main diagonal differ from the elements in the middle. Using the rearrangement due to Egerváry and Szász we also show how these determinants can be factorized.

Yacine Benhadid

A general implementation is presented for constructing a wavelet method for solving the nonlinear equation of Schr¨odinger. An explicit formula is derived which yields a stability in of the numerical solution. A simulation is elaborated to show the general behavior of the distribution function. Numerical results and comparison with classical algorithms are provided. This approach prove an attractive scheme for solving such equation.

Tamotsu Ikeda ◽  
Hidenori Katsurada

Abstract Let F be a non-archimedean local field of characteristic 0, and 𝔬 {{\mathfrak{o}}} the ring of integers in F. We give an explicit formula for the Siegel series of a half-integral matrix over 𝔬 {{\mathfrak{o}}} . This formula expresses the Siegel series of a half-integral matrix B explicitly in terms of the Gross–Keating invariant of B and its related invariants.

2021 ◽  
Vol 27 (4) ◽  
pp. 116-121
Milica Anđelic ◽  
Carlos M. da Fonseca ◽  

In this short note we propose two determinantal representations for the number of subsequences without isolated odd terms are presented. One is based on a tridiagonal matrix and other on a Hessenberg matrix. We also establish a new explicit formula for the terms of this sequence based on Chebyshev polynomials of the second kind.

2021 ◽  
Vol 27 (4) ◽  
pp. 43-61
Marco Ripà ◽  

We solve a few open problems related to a peculiar property of the integer tetration ^{b}a, which is the constancy of its congruence speed for any sufficiently large b = b(a). Assuming radix-10 (the well known decimal numeral system), we provide an explicit formula for the congruence speed V(a) ∈ ℕ_0 of any a ∈ ℕ − {0} that is not a multiple of 10. In particular, for any given n ∈ ℕ, we prove to be true Ripà’s conjecture on the smallest a such that V(a) = n. Moreover, for any a ≠ 1 ∶ a ≢ 0 (mod 10), we show the existence of infinitely many prime numbers, p_j = p_j(V(a)), such that V(p_j) = V(a).

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