pulmonary vein
Recently Published Documents





2022 ◽  
Vol 38 ◽  
pp. 100928
Laura Rottner ◽  
Andreas Metzner ◽  
Andreas Rillig

2022 ◽  
pp. 1-7
Seçil Karaca Kurtulmus ◽  
Ebru Sahin Gülec ◽  
Mustafa Sengül

Abstract Objective: This study aimed to investigate whether the third trimester fetal cardiac diastolic function measured by selected conventional Doppler indices is affected in appropriate-for-gestational-age or macrosomic fetuses of gestational diabetic mothers with poor glycaemic control. Methods: This cross-sectional study included 93 pregnant women divided into two groups. Group 1 included 45 appropriate-for-gestational-age or macrosomic fetuses from gestational diabetic mothers with poor glycaemic control (study group). Group 2 included 48 appropriate-for-gestational-age fetuses from gestational age-matched healthy mothers (control group). Functional fetal cardiac parameters and fetoplacental Doppler parameters were measured. Data were compared between the two groups. Results: Maternal characteristics did not differ significantly between the study and the control group. There were no significant differences in the early and late velocity, early/late velocity ratio of both mitral and tricuspid valves, the fetal pulmonary vein pulsatility index, and the ductus venosus pulsatility index between the study and the control group. Moreover, the rate of abnormal Doppler findings in pulmonary vein (pulmonary vein pulsatility index >95th centile), ductus venosus (ductus venosus pulsatility index >95th centile), and peripheral vessels (umbilical artery pulsatility index >95th centile, middle cerebral artery pulsatility index <5th centile, cerebra-placental index >95th centile) were comparable in both groups. Conclusions: The third trimester fetal diastolic functions measured by selected conventional Doppler techniques do not seem to be altered in appropriate-for-gestational-age or macrosomic fetuses of gestational diabetic mothers who have poor glycaemic control.

Konstantinos Iliodromitis ◽  
Sebastian Robl ◽  
Nana-Yaw Bimpong-Buta ◽  
Harilaos Bogossian

Kohki Nakamura ◽  
Takehito Sasaki ◽  
Wataru Sasaki ◽  
Yumiko Haraguchi ◽  
Koki Kimura ◽  

2022 ◽  
Vol 9 (1) ◽  
pp. 16
Denise Guckel ◽  
Philipp Lucas ◽  
Khuraman Isgandarova ◽  
Mustapha El Hamriti ◽  
Leonard Bergau ◽  

Cryoballoon (CB)-guided pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) represents a cornerstone in the treatment of atrial fibrillation (AF). Recently, a novel balloon-guided single shot device (POLARx, Boston Scientific) was designed. Our study aimed to compare the efficacy, safety and characteristics of the novel CB system with the established one (Arctic Front Advance (Pro), AFA, Medtronic). A total number of 596 patients undergoing CB-guided ablation for AF were included. 65 patients (65.0 ± 11.6, 31% female) undergoing PVI with the POLARx were compared to a cohort of 531 consecutive patients (63.0 ± 27.9, 25% female) treated with AFA. Acute PVI was achieved in all patients (n = 596, 100%). Total procedure duration (POLARx 113.3 ± 23.2 min, AFA 100.9 ± 21.3 min; p < 0.001) and fluoroscopy time (POLARx 10.5 ± 5.9 min, AFA 4.8 ± 3.6 min; p < 0.001) were significantly longer in the POLARx group. The POLARx balloon achieved significantly lower nadir temperatures (POLARx −57.7 ± 0.9 °C, AFA −45.1 ± 2.6 °C; p < 0.001) and a significantly higher percentage of pulmonary veins successfully isolated with the first freeze (p = 0.027 *). One major complication occurred in the POLARx (2%) and three (1%) in the AFA group. Both ablation systems are comparably safe and effective. AF ablation utilizing the POLARx system is associated with longer procedure and fluoroscopy times as well as lower nadir temperatures.

Katarzyna Malaczynska-Rajpold ◽  
Julian Jarman ◽  
Rui Shi ◽  
Piers Wright ◽  
Tom Wong ◽  

Abstract Purpose We aimed to evaluate whether outcomes with ablation in persistent (PsAF) and long-standing persistent (LsPsAF) AF can be improved beyond what can be achieved with pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) alone, using individualized mapping to guide ablation. Methods We studied 20 pts (15 M, 68 ± 11y) with PsAF (14) or LsPsAF (6) referred for first-time AF ablation. Following antral PVI, individualized mapping (IM) was performed using a high-density mapping catheter stably and fully deployed for 30 s at each of 23 ± 9 sites per patient. Activation data were reviewed, and an ablation strategy designed to intersect areas of focal and rotational activity. Mean follow-up was 429 ± 131 days. The study population was compared to a matched contemporary control cohort (CC) of 20 consecutive patients undergoing conventional ablation. Results Despite the IM group having a higher median comorbidities score, 3.5 vs. 2.5 in the CC group, indicating potentially more complex patients and more advanced substrate, cumulative freedom from AF after a single procedure was achieved in 94% of patients in the IM group vs. 75% in the CC group at 1 year and remained the same in both groups at the conclusion of the study (p = 0.02). There was a similar trend in atrial arrhythmia-free survival between both groups (84% vs. 67% at 1 year) that did not reach statistical significance. The procedure duration was longer in the IM group by a median of 31.5 min (p = 0.004). Conclusions Individualized mapping to guide AF ablation appears to achieve significantly greater AF-free survival compared to conventional PVI when applied as a primary ablation treatment. The results of this pilot study need to be confirmed in a larger, randomized trial.

2022 ◽  
Sachiko Takamatsu ◽  
Motomi Tachibana ◽  
Nobuhisa Ii ◽  
Yusuke Hasui ◽  
Kensuke Matsumoto ◽  

Sign in / Sign up

Export Citation Format

Share Document