vena cava
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2022 ◽  
Vol 83 ◽  
pp. 16-20
Nicholas A. Schreiter ◽  
John Swietlik ◽  
Michael Woods ◽  
Mark Kleedehn

2022 ◽  
Vol 12 ◽  
Kaixuan Lv ◽  
Lingyu Kong ◽  
Mei Yang ◽  
Linlin Zhang ◽  
Shangmin Chu ◽  

Atherosclerosis (AS) seriously impairs the health of human beings and is manifested initially as endothelial cells (ECs) impairment and dysfunction in vascular intima, which can be alleviated through mobilization of endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) induced by stromal-cell-derived factor-1α (SDF-1α). A strong inverse correlation between HDL and AS has been proposed. The aim of the present work is to investigate whether 4F, an apolipoprotein A-I (apoA-I, major component protein of HDL) mimic peptide, can upregulate SDF-1α in mice and human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) and the underlying mechanism. The protein levels of SDF-1α were measured by ELISA assay. Protein levels of HIF-1α, phosphorylated Akt (p-Akt), and phosphorylated ERK (p-ERK) were evaluated by Western blotting analysis. The results show that L-4F significantly upregulates protein levels of HIF-1α, Akt, and ERK, which can be inhibited by the PI3K inhibitor, LY294002, or ERK inhibitor, PD98059, respectively. Particularly, LY294002 can downregulate the levels of p-ERK, while PD98059 cannot suppress that of p-Akt. D-4F can upregulate the levels of HIF, p-Akt, and p-ERK in the abdominal aorta and inferior vena cava from mice. These results suggest that 4F promotes SDF-1α expression in ECs through PI3K/Akt/ERK/HIF-1α signaling pathway.

Vascular ◽  
2022 ◽  
pp. 170853812110682
Omar R Vayani ◽  
Manish J Patel ◽  
Thuong Van Ha ◽  
Jeffrey A Leef ◽  
Jonathan M Lorenz ◽  

Objectives The objective of this study is to document the combined use of catheter-based thrombectomy/thrombolysis with endovascular repair of high-risk segments of the inferior vena cava in the setting of iatrogenic and traumatic injuries. While the use of endovascular techniques to treat caval thrombosis is well documented and often preferred due to its minimally invasive nature, there is still little literature that focuses on the nuances related to injury of high mortality areas of the IVC as a result of major trauma, transplant, and other surgical interventions. Methods An IRB-approved retrospective review of all patients undergoing IVC thrombectomy was performed at a single tertiary care academic center between January 2018 and July 2021. Cases were subsequently selected based on those who underwent primary mechanical thrombectomy followed by endovascular stenting (or angioplasty). Among this cohort, four patients who underwent this procedure in the context of iatrogenic and traumatic injuries were included. Results All four patients undergoing primary mechanical thrombectomy followed by endovascular stenting (or angioplasty) due to IVC thrombus and/or stenosis were technically successful with immediate positive clinical outcomes. Conclusions Mechanical thrombectomy in conjunction with IVC recanalization via stenting may be a useful intervention with promising technical success and positive clinical outcomes for occlusive thrombosis and IVC stenosis.

2022 ◽  
Vol 14 (1) ◽  
Samar Rafik Amin ◽  
Enas W. Mahdy

Abstract Background Hypotension is often occurring after induction of general anesthesia (IGA) and can cause organ hypoperfusion and ischemia which associated with adverse outcomes in patients having both cardiac and non-cardiac surgery. Elderly patients are particularly more vulnerable and at increased risk to the depressant effect of anesthetic drugs. So, recognition and prevention of such event are of clinical importance. This study recruited patients aged above 60 years, with ASA physical status classification I-II-III who were scheduled for surgery under general anesthesia with the aim to assess the effectiveness of preoperative IVC ultrasonography in predicting hypotension which develops following IGA and its association with the volume status in elderly patients receiving general anesthesia, through measurements of the maximum inferior vena cava diameter (dIVCmax), minimum inferior vena cava diameter (dIVCmin), inferior vena cava collapsibility index (IVC-CI), and basal and post-induction mean arterial pressure (MAP). Results Thirty-nine (44.3%) of the 88 patients developed hypotension after IGA, and it was significantly more in patients who did not receive preoperative fluid (p = 0.045). The cut-off for dIVCmax was found as 16.250 mm with the ROC analysis. Specificity and sensitivity for the cut-off value of 16.250 mm were calculated as 61.2% and 76.9%, respectively. The cut-off for IVC-CI was found as 33.600% with the ROC analysis. Specificity and sensitivity for the cut-off value of 33.600% were calculated as 68.7% and 87.2%, respectively. Conclusions IVC ultrasonography may be helpful in the prediction of preoperative hypovolemia in elderly patients in the form of high IVC-CI and low dIVCmax. The incidence of hypotension was lower in patients who received fluid infusion before IGA.

2022 ◽  
Sahar Samimi ◽  
Masoud Eslami ◽  
Akram Sardari ◽  
Ali Reza Heidari-Bakavoli ◽  
Mahdieh Mazaherian ◽  

Persistent left superior vena cava, the most common thoracic venous anomaly, may complicate transvenous lead extraction (TLE). We report a successful case of TLE in a patient with persistent left superior vena cava, despite a long dwelling time and several pocket revisions due to pocket infection. The lead was removed via a hand-powered mechanical extraction sheath, and postoperative complications did not occur. Complicated TLE cases may have a better outcome if performed in a high-volume center with experienced specialists.

2022 ◽  
Vol 15 (6) ◽  
pp. 777-787
K. A. Gabelova ◽  
N. A. Shabanova ◽  
V. F. Bezhenar ◽  
E. E. Zvartau ◽  
Yu. A. Akishina

Hormonal contraception is the most popular and effective reversible method for preventing unwanted pregnancy exerting multiple prophylactic and therapeutic effect along with contraceptive activity. The main adverse coupled to combined oral contraceptives (COCs) is its impact on the hemostasis and increased risk of venous thromboembolic complications. A great evolutionary path has been travelled after beginning application of hormonal contraception to reduce dose of its estrogen component and improving quality of gestagen component. Nevertheless, thrombotic complications related to COCs use still remain a pressing issue not only due to disease severity and high mortality rate from pulmonary embolism (PE), but also due to the difficulties in its timely diagnostics. Here we describe a clinical case of a 19-year-old patient suffering from vena cava inferior thrombosis complicated by PE after using COCs.

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