pulmonary vein isolation
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Konstantinos Iliodromitis ◽  
Sebastian Robl ◽  
Nana-Yaw Bimpong-Buta ◽  
Harilaos Bogossian

Kohki Nakamura ◽  
Takehito Sasaki ◽  
Wataru Sasaki ◽  
Yumiko Haraguchi ◽  
Koki Kimura ◽  

2022 ◽  
Vol 9 (1) ◽  
pp. 16
Denise Guckel ◽  
Philipp Lucas ◽  
Khuraman Isgandarova ◽  
Mustapha El Hamriti ◽  
Leonard Bergau ◽  

Cryoballoon (CB)-guided pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) represents a cornerstone in the treatment of atrial fibrillation (AF). Recently, a novel balloon-guided single shot device (POLARx, Boston Scientific) was designed. Our study aimed to compare the efficacy, safety and characteristics of the novel CB system with the established one (Arctic Front Advance (Pro), AFA, Medtronic). A total number of 596 patients undergoing CB-guided ablation for AF were included. 65 patients (65.0 ± 11.6, 31% female) undergoing PVI with the POLARx were compared to a cohort of 531 consecutive patients (63.0 ± 27.9, 25% female) treated with AFA. Acute PVI was achieved in all patients (n = 596, 100%). Total procedure duration (POLARx 113.3 ± 23.2 min, AFA 100.9 ± 21.3 min; p < 0.001) and fluoroscopy time (POLARx 10.5 ± 5.9 min, AFA 4.8 ± 3.6 min; p < 0.001) were significantly longer in the POLARx group. The POLARx balloon achieved significantly lower nadir temperatures (POLARx −57.7 ± 0.9 °C, AFA −45.1 ± 2.6 °C; p < 0.001) and a significantly higher percentage of pulmonary veins successfully isolated with the first freeze (p = 0.027 *). One major complication occurred in the POLARx (2%) and three (1%) in the AFA group. Both ablation systems are comparably safe and effective. AF ablation utilizing the POLARx system is associated with longer procedure and fluoroscopy times as well as lower nadir temperatures.

Katarzyna Malaczynska-Rajpold ◽  
Julian Jarman ◽  
Rui Shi ◽  
Piers Wright ◽  
Tom Wong ◽  

Abstract Purpose We aimed to evaluate whether outcomes with ablation in persistent (PsAF) and long-standing persistent (LsPsAF) AF can be improved beyond what can be achieved with pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) alone, using individualized mapping to guide ablation. Methods We studied 20 pts (15 M, 68 ± 11y) with PsAF (14) or LsPsAF (6) referred for first-time AF ablation. Following antral PVI, individualized mapping (IM) was performed using a high-density mapping catheter stably and fully deployed for 30 s at each of 23 ± 9 sites per patient. Activation data were reviewed, and an ablation strategy designed to intersect areas of focal and rotational activity. Mean follow-up was 429 ± 131 days. The study population was compared to a matched contemporary control cohort (CC) of 20 consecutive patients undergoing conventional ablation. Results Despite the IM group having a higher median comorbidities score, 3.5 vs. 2.5 in the CC group, indicating potentially more complex patients and more advanced substrate, cumulative freedom from AF after a single procedure was achieved in 94% of patients in the IM group vs. 75% in the CC group at 1 year and remained the same in both groups at the conclusion of the study (p = 0.02). There was a similar trend in atrial arrhythmia-free survival between both groups (84% vs. 67% at 1 year) that did not reach statistical significance. The procedure duration was longer in the IM group by a median of 31.5 min (p = 0.004). Conclusions Individualized mapping to guide AF ablation appears to achieve significantly greater AF-free survival compared to conventional PVI when applied as a primary ablation treatment. The results of this pilot study need to be confirmed in a larger, randomized trial.

2022 ◽  
Sachiko Takamatsu ◽  
Motomi Tachibana ◽  
Nobuhisa Ii ◽  
Yusuke Hasui ◽  
Kensuke Matsumoto ◽  

Sensors ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 22 (1) ◽  
pp. 290
Aikaterini Vraka ◽  
Vicente Bertomeu-González ◽  
Fernando Hornero ◽  
Aurelio Quesada ◽  
Raúl Alcaraz ◽  

Atrial substrate modification after pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) of paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (pAF) can be assessed non-invasively by analyzing P-wave duration in the electrocardiogram (ECG). However, whether right (RA) and left atrium (LA) contribute equally to this phenomenon remains unknown. The present study splits fundamental P-wave features to investigate the different RA and LA contributions to P-wave duration. Recordings of 29 pAF patients undergoing first-ever PVI were acquired before and after PVI. P-wave features were calculated: P-wave duration (PWD), duration of the first (PWDon-peak) and second (PWDpeak-off) P-wave halves, estimating RA and LA conduction, respectively. P-wave onset (PWon-R) or offset (PWoff-R) to R-peak interval, measuring combined atrial/atrioventricular and single atrioventricular conduction, respectively. Heart-rate fluctuation was corrected by scaling. Pre- and post-PVI results were compared with Mann–Whitney U-test. PWD was correlated with the remaining features. Only PWD (non-scaling: Δ=−9.84%, p=0.0085, scaling: Δ=−17.96%, p=0.0442) and PWDpeak-off (non-scaling: Δ=−22.03%, p=0.0250, scaling: Δ=−27.77%, p=0.0268) were decreased. Correlation of all features with PWD was significant before/after PVI (p<0.0001), showing the highest value between PWD and PWon-R (ρmax=0.855). PWD correlated more with PWDon-peak (ρ= 0.540–0.805) than PWDpeak-off (ρ= 0.419–0.710). PWD shortening after PVI of pAF stems mainly from the second half of the P-wave. Therefore, noninvasive estimation of LA conduction time is critical for the study of atrial substrate modification after PVI and should be addressed by splitting the P-wave in order to achieve improved estimations.

Atul Verma ◽  
Lucas Boersma ◽  
David E. Haines ◽  
Andrea Natale ◽  
Francis E. Marchlinski ◽  

Background: Pulsed field ablation (PFA) is a novel form of ablation using electrical fields to ablate cardiac tissue. There are only limited data assessing the feasibility and safety of this type of ablation in humans. Methods: PULSED AF (Pulsed Field Ablation to Irreversibly Electroporate Tissue and Treat AF; https://www.clinicaltrials.gov ; unique identifier: NCT04198701) is a nonrandomized, prospective, multicenter, global, premarket clinical study. The first-in-human pilot phase evaluated the feasibility and efficacy of pulmonary vein isolation using a novel PFA system delivering bipolar, biphasic electrical fields through a circular multielectrode array catheter (PulseSelect; Medtronic, Inc). Thirty-eight patients with paroxysmal or persistent atrial fibrillation were treated in 6 centers in Australia, Canada, the United States, and the Netherlands. The primary outcomes were ability to achieve acute pulmonary vein isolation intraprocedurally and safety at 30 days. Results: Acute electrical isolation was achieved in 100% of pulmonary veins (n=152) in the 38 patients. Skin-to-skin procedure time was 160±91 minutes, left atrial dwell time was 82±35 minutes, and fluoroscopy time was 28±9 minutes. No serious adverse events related to the PFA system occurred in the 30-day follow-up including phrenic nerve injury, esophageal injury, stroke, or death. Conclusions: In this first-in-human clinical study, 100% pulmonary vein isolation was achieved using only PFA with no PFA system–related serious adverse events.

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