hip surgery
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2022 ◽  
Hui Zhang ◽  
Junfeng Zhang ◽  
Xiaofeng Wang ◽  
Tao Xu ◽  
Hai Yan ◽  

Abstract Background Emergence agitation (EA) is a common and challenging postoperative problem in children emerging from general anesthesia. It is associated with self-injury, increases stress on healthcare team members and postoperative maladaptive behavioral changes. However, no completely effective prevention has been found for EA. Pain is considered to be an important contributor to EA. Ultrasound-guided lumbar plexus block is a safe and effective anesthetic technique that can provide satisfactory pain relief in pediatric hip surgery. We aim to investigate the effect of ultrasound-guided lumbar plexus block on emergence agitation in children undergoing hip surgery. Methods This prospective, randomized, controlled study was conducted in children aged 1-6 yr undergoing elective hip surgery. Subjects were randomly assigned to receive either ultrasound-guided lumbar plexus block combined with general anesthesia (Group Block, n=60) or routine general anesthesia (Group Control, n=60). The primary outcome was the incidence of EA at 30 min after emergence from general anesthesia, assessed using the Pediatric Anesthesia Emergence Delirium (PAED) scale. The secondary outcomes included the incidence of severe EA, postoperative pain evaluated by the Children’s Hospital of eastern Ontario Pain Scale (CHEOPS) and the incidence of postoperative adverse complications. PAED, CHEOPS were measured at 0, 5, 10, 20, and 30 min after emergence from anesthesia. Results The incidence of EA was significantly lower in Group Block than in Group Control [13.3% vs. 43.3%, odds ratio (OR) 0.201, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.082to 0.496, p<0.001]. Group Block had a lower incidence of severe EA than Group Control [3.3% vs. 18.3%, odds ratio (OR) 0.154, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.032 to 0.727, p=0.019]. CHEOPS was lower in Group Block than in Group Control [mean (95%CI), 4.5(4.4-4.6) vs.4.9 (4.8-5.0), p<0.001]. Conclusion Ultrasound-guided lumbar plexus block could decrease the incidence and severity of emergence agitation in children undergoing hip surgery effectively. Trial registration: Chinese Clinical Trial Registry: ChiCTR-INR-17011525 (30/05/2017)

2021 ◽  
pp. 63-68
S. Venkatesh Babu

Laurence Weinberg ◽  
Angus Pritchard ◽  
Maleck Louis ◽  
Daryl Jones ◽  
Andrew Hardidge ◽  

2021 ◽  
Monique P. H. Tillemans ◽  
Madelon H. Butterhoff‐Terlingen ◽  
Rutger Stuffken ◽  
Ralph Vreeswijk ◽  
Toine C. G. Egberts ◽  

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