ultrasound guided
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2022 ◽  
Vol 26 (1) ◽  
pp. 127-138
Author(s):  
Ishaan K. Madhok ◽  
Nasim Parsa ◽  
Jose M. Nieto

2022 ◽  
Vol 12 ◽  
Author(s):  
Wei Deng ◽  
Chen-Wei Jiang ◽  
Ke-jian Qian ◽  
Fen Liu

Background: Ultrasound-guided rhombic intercostal block (RIB) is a novel regional block that provides analgesia for patients who have received video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS). The anesthetic characteristics of ultrasound-guided RIB with different concentrations of ropivacaine are not known. This research primarily hypothesizes that ultrasound-guided RIB, given in combination with the same volume of different concentrations of ropivacaine, would improve the whole quality of recovery-40 (QoR-40) among patients with VATS.Approaches: This double-blinded, single-center, prospective, and controlled trial randomized 100 patients undergoing VATS to receive RIB. One hundred patients who have received elective VATS and satisfied inclusion standards were fallen into four groups randomly: control group with no RIB and R0.2%, R0.3%, and R0.4%; they underwent common anesthesia plus the RIB with ropivacaine at 0.2%, 0.3%, and 0.4% in a volume of 30 ml.Outcomes: Groups R0.2%, R0.3%, and R0.4% displayed great diversities in the overall QoR-40 scores and QoR-40 dimensions (in addition to psychological support) by comparing with the control group (Group C) (p < 0.001 for all contrasts). Groups R0.3% and R0.4% displayed great diversities in the overall QoR-40 scores and QoR-40 dimensions (in addition to psychological support) by comparing with the R0.2% group (p < 0.001 for all contrasts). The overall QoR-40 scores and QoR-40 dimensions [physical comfort (p = 0.585)] did not vary greatly between Groups R0.3% and R0.4% (p > 0.05 for all contrasts). Groups R0.2%, R0.3%, and R0.4% showed significant differences in numerical rating scales (NRS) score region under the curve (AUC) at rest and on movement in 48 h when compared with the Group C (p < 0.001 for all contrasts). Groups R0.3% and R0.4% displayed great diversities in NRS score AUC at rest and on movement in 48 h when compared with the R0.2% group (p < 0.001 for all contrasts). The NRS mark AUC at rest and, on movement in 48 h, did not vary greatly between the Group R0.3% and R0.4% (p > 0.05 for all contrasts).Conclusion: In this study it was found that a dose of 0.3% ropivacaine is the best concentration for RIB for patients undergoing VATS. Through growing ropivacaine concentration, the analgesia of the RIB was not improved greatly.Clinicaltrials.gov Registration:https://clinicaltrials.gov/, identifier ChiCTR2100046254.


Author(s):  
Michael Dölle ◽  
Heiner Wedemeyer ◽  
Michael Gebel ◽  
Andrej Potthoff ◽  
Steffen Zender

Abstract Background Splenic cysts are rare and occur in 0.5 to 2% of the population. They are usually asymptomatic and do not require therapy. In case of symptomatic nonparasitic splenic cysts, potential therapy includes partial splenectomy or laparoscopic cyst de-roofing as well as ultrasound-guided sclerotherapy with 1% polidocanol or 10% sodium chloride (NaCl) as an interventional alternative. So far, single-session sclerotherapy of symptomatic nonparasitic cysts is recommended only if clear-transparent cyst fluid is aspirated. Materials and Methods We report a case series of 17 patients with symptomatic macroscopically turbid nonparasitic splenic cyst fluid who underwent ultrasound-guided fine needle sclerotherapy with either polidocanol ± 10% NaCl (n = 12) or 10% NaCl alone (n = 5) and a follow-up of a maximum of 12 years after first intervention. Clinical, sonographic, and laboratory chemistry data were recorded at baseline and during the follow-up. Results The mean follow-up time was 43.65 ± 40.18 months. At the end of the follow-up, a 79% reduction of cyst size was achieved. The maximum size reduction in the polidocanol group was 76 ± 18% and 84 ± 21% in the sodium chloride group (p >0.05). At the end of follow-up, 15 out of the 17 patients did not have any further symptoms. Despite the cystic fluid being turbid, it was hardly possible to detect a microbiological superinfection. Conclusion Sclerotherapy of splenic cysts leads to a significant size regression in all patients, independent of the sclerotherapy agent used with fewer systemic toxic side effects of polidocanol treatment. It was shown that in a tertiary care center with significant experience, sclerotherapy of splenic cysts is also safe and successful and can lead to a drastic regression of cyst size and symptoms. This shows that interventional therapy is a good alternative to surgical procedures.


2022 ◽  
Author(s):  
David Martín-Caro Álvarez ◽  
Diego Serrano-Muñoz ◽  
Juan José Fernández-Pérez ◽  
Julio Gómez-Soriano ◽  
Juan Avendaño-Coy

Abstract BackgroundFormer studies investigated the application, both transcutaneous and with implanted electrodes, of high frequency alternating currents (HFAC) in humans for blocking the peripheral nervous system. The present trial aimed to assess the effect of HFAC on motor response, somatosensory thresholds, and peripheral nerve conduction, when applied percutaneously with ultrasound-guided needles at frequencies of 10 kHz and 20 kHz in healthy volunteers. MethodsA parallel, placebo-controlled, double-blind, randomized clinical trial was conducted. Ultrasound-guided HFAC at 10 kHz and 20 kHz and sham stimulation were delivered to the median nerve of 60 healthy volunteers (n=20 per group) for 20 minutes. The main assessed variables were maximum isometric flexion strength (MFFS) of the index finger, myotonometry, pressure pain threshold (PPT), mechanical detection threshold (MDT), and antidromic sensory nerve action potential (SNAP). Measurements were recorded pre-intervention, during the intervention 15 minutes after its commencement, immediately post-intervention, and at 15 minutes post-intervention.ResultsA decrease in the MFFS was observed immediately post-intervention compared to baseline, both in the 10 kHz group [-8.5 %; 95% confidence interval (CI) -14.9 to -2.1] and the 20 kHz group (-12.0%; 95%CI -18.3 to -5.6). At 15 minutes post-intervention, the decrease in the MFFS was -9.5% (95%CI -17.3 to -1.8) and -11.5% (95%CI -9.3 to -3.8) in the 10 kHz and 20 kHz groups, respectively. No changes over time were found in the sham group. The between-group comparison of changes in MFFS showed a greater reduction of -10.8% (95%CI -19.8 to -1.8) immediately post-intervention in the 20 kHz compared to the sham stimulation group. Muscle tone increased over time in both the 10 kHz and 20 kHz groups, but not in the sham group. The intergroup comparison of myotonometry showed a superior effect in the 20 kHz (6.7%, 95%CI 0.5 to 12.9) versus the sham group. No significant changes were observed in the rest of the assessed variables. ConclusionsThe ultrasound-guided percutaneous stimulation applying 10 kHz and 20 kHz HFAC to the median nerve produced reversible reductions in strength and increases in muscle tone with no adverse effects.


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