shear wave
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2022 ◽  
Vol 143 ◽  
pp. 104631
Yunyi Li ◽  
Chao Luo ◽  
Jian-Min Zhang ◽  
Fang Liu ◽  
Rui Wang

2022 ◽  
Vol 82 ◽  
pp. 228-233
Ian Wei Ming Tay ◽  
Llewellyn Shao-jen Sim ◽  
Tammy Hui Lin Moey ◽  
Karen Pei Pei Tan ◽  
Lily Mei San Lai ◽  

2022 ◽  
Vol 62 (1) ◽  
pp. 101092
Yang Li ◽  
Masahide Otsubo ◽  
Arian Ghaemi ◽  
Troyee Tanu Dutta ◽  
Reiko Kuwano

Fahad F. Al-mutairi ◽  
Abtehal Al-hussaini ◽  
Anne-Marie Marsh ◽  
Nilesh Samani ◽  
Gerry McCann ◽  

Abstract Background Shear wave elastography (SWE) is emerging as a valuable clinical tool for a variety of conditions. The aim of this pilot study was to assess the potential of SWE imaging of the common carotid arteries (CCA) in patients with spontaneous coronary artery dissection (SCAD), a rare but potentially life-threatening condition, hypothesized to be linked to changes in vessel wall elasticity. Methods Ultrasound shear wave elastography (SWE) estimates of artery wall elasticity were obtained from the left and right CCAs of 89 confirmed SCAD patients and 38 non-dissection controls. SWE images obtained over multiple cardiac cycles were analysed by a blinded observer to estimate elasticity in the form of a Young’s Modulus (YM) value, across regions of interest (ROI) located within the anterior and posterior CCA walls. Results YM estimates ranged from 17 to 133 kPa in SCAD patients compared to 34 to 87 kPa in non-dissection controls. The mean YM of 55 [standard deviation (SD): 21] kPa in SCAD patients was not significantly different to the mean of 57 [SD: 12] kPa in controls, p = 0.32. The difference between groups was 2 kPa [95% Confidence Interval − 11, 4]. Conclusions SWE imaging of CCAs in SCAD patients is feasible although the clinical benefit is limited by relatively high variability of YM values which may have contributed to our finding of no significant difference between SCAD patients and non-dissection controls.

Cancers ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 14 (2) ◽  
pp. 367
Ye-Jiao Mao ◽  
Hyo-Jung Lim ◽  
Ming Ni ◽  
Wai-Hin Yan ◽  
Duo Wai-Chi Wong ◽  

Ultrasound elastography can quantify stiffness distribution of tissue lesions and complements conventional B-mode ultrasound for breast cancer screening. Recently, the development of computer-aided diagnosis has improved the reliability of the system, whilst the inception of machine learning, such as deep learning, has further extended its power by facilitating automated segmentation and tumour classification. The objective of this review was to summarize application of the machine learning model to ultrasound elastography systems for breast tumour classification. Review databases included PubMed, Web of Science, CINAHL, and EMBASE. Thirteen (n = 13) articles were eligible for review. Shear-wave elastography was investigated in six articles, whereas seven studies focused on strain elastography (5 freehand and 2 Acoustic Radiation Force). Traditional computer vision workflow was common in strain elastography with separated image segmentation, feature extraction, and classifier functions using different algorithm-based methods, neural networks or support vector machines (SVM). Shear-wave elastography often adopts the deep learning model, convolutional neural network (CNN), that integrates functional tasks. All of the reviewed articles achieved sensitivity ³ 80%, while only half of them attained acceptable specificity ³ 95%. Deep learning models did not necessarily perform better than traditional computer vision workflow. Nevertheless, there were inconsistencies and insufficiencies in reporting and calculation, such as the testing dataset, cross-validation, and methods to avoid overfitting. Most of the studies did not report loss or hyperparameters. Future studies may consider using the deep network with an attention layer to locate the targeted object automatically and online training to facilitate efficient re-training for sequential data.

Andrologia ◽  
2022 ◽  
Khaled M. Abdelwahab ◽  
Mohamed Salah Eldery ◽  
Esam Desoky ◽  
Islam M. El‐Babouly ◽  
Kareem Taha ◽  

Roaa M. A. Shehata ◽  
Mostafa A. M. El-Sharkawy ◽  
Omar M. Mahmoud ◽  
Hosam M. Kamel

Abstract Background Breast cancer is the most common life-threatening cancer in women worldwide. A high number of women are going through biopsy procedures for characterization of breast masses every day and yet 75% of the pathological results prove these masses to be benign. Ultrasound (US) elastography is a non-invasive technique that measures tissue stiffness. It is convenient for differentiating benign from malignant breast tumors. Our study aims to evaluate the role of qualitative ultrasound elastography scoring (ES), quantitative mass strain ratio (SR), and shear wave elasticity ratio (SWER) in differentiation between benign and malignant breast lesions. Results Among 51 female patients with 77 histopathologically proved breast lesions, 57 breast masses were malignant and 20 were benign. All patients were examined by B-mode ultrasound then strain and shear wave elastographic examinations using ultrasound machine (Logiq E9, GE Medical Systems) with 8.5–12 MHz high-frequency probes. Our study showed that ES best cut-off point > 3 with sensitivity, specificity, PPV, NPP, accuracy was 94.7%, 85%, 94.7%, 85%, 90.9%, respectively, and AUC = 0.926 at P < 0.001, mass SR the best cut-off point > 4.6 with sensitivity, specificity, PPV, NPP, accuracy was 96.5%, 80%, 93.2%, 88.9%, 92.2%, respectively, and AUC = 0.860 at P < 0.001, SWER the best cut-off value > 4.9 with sensitivity, specificity, PPV, NPP and accuracy was 91.2%, 80%, 92.9%, 76.2%, 93.5%, respectively, and AUC = 0.890 at P < 0.001. The mean mass strain ratio for malignant lesions is 10.1 ± 3.7 SD and for solid benign lesions 4.7 ± 4.3 SD (p value 0.001). The mean shear wave elasticity ratio for malignant lesions is 10.6 ± 5.4 SD and for benign (solid and cystic) lesions 3.6 ± 4.2 SD. Using ROC curve and Youden index, the difference in diagnostic performance between ES, SR and SWER was not significant in differentiation between benign and malignant breast lesions and also was non-significant difference when comparing them with conventional US alone. Conclusion ES, SR, and SWER have a high diagnostic performance in differentiating malignant from benign breast lesions with no statistically significant difference between them.

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