acoustic emission
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2022 ◽  
Vol 74 ◽  
pp. 103488
A.J. FitzPatrick ◽  
G.W. Rodgers ◽  
J.W. Fernandez ◽  
G.J. Hooper

2022 ◽  
Vol 253 ◽  
pp. 113717
Dan Li ◽  
Jia-Hao Nie ◽  
Wei-Xin Ren ◽  
Wee-Hoe Ng ◽  
Guo-Hua Wang ◽  

2022 ◽  
Vol 165 ◽  
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Chen Liu ◽  
Oliver Nagler ◽  
Florian Tremmel ◽  
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Minerals ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (1) ◽  
pp. 104
Nan Li ◽  
Liulin Fang ◽  
Bingxiang Huang ◽  
Peng Chen ◽  
Chao Cai ◽  

Hydraulic fracturing (HF) is an effective technology to prevent and control coal dynamic disaster. The process of coal hydraulic fracturing (HF) induces a large number of microseismic/acoustic emission (MS/AE) waveforms. Understanding the characteristic of AE waveforms’ parameters is essential for evaluating the fracturing effect and optimizing the HF strategy in coal formation. In this study, laboratory hydraulic fracturing under true triaxial stress was performed on a cubic coal sample combined with AE monitoring. The injection pressure curve and temporal variation of AE waveforms’ parameters in different stages were analyzed in detail. The experimental results show that the characteristics of the AE waveforms’ parameters well reflect the HF growth behavior in coal. The majority of AE waveforms’ dominant frequency is distributed between 145 and 160 kHz during HF. The sharp decrease of the injection pressure curve and the sharp increase of the AE waveforms’ amplitude show that the fracture already runs through the coal sample during the initial fracture stage. The “trapezoidal” rise pattern of cumulative energy and most AE waveforms with low amplitude may indicate the stage of liquid storage space expansion. The largest proportion of AE waveforms’ energy and higher overall level of AE waveforms’ amplitude occur during the secondary fracture stage, which indicates the most severe degree of coal fracture and complex activity of internal fracture. The phenomenon shows the difference in fracture mechanism between the initial and secondary fracture stage. We propose a window-number index of AE waveforms for better response to hydraulic fracture, which can improve the accuracy of the HF process division.

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