2021 ◽  
Vol 116 (3) ◽  
pp. e104
Yajie Chang
2021 ◽  
Vol 12 (1) ◽  
Ryo Yokomizo ◽  
Yukiko Fujiki ◽  
Harue Kishigami ◽  
Hiroshi Kishi ◽  
Tohru Kiyono ◽  

Abstract Background Thin endometrium adversely affects reproductive success rates with fertility treatment. Autologous transplantation of exogenously prepared endometrium can be a promising therapeutic option for thin endometrium; however, endometrial epithelial cells have limited expansion potential, which needs to be overcome in order to make regenerative medicine a therapeutic strategy for refractory thin endometrium. Here, we aimed to perform long-term culture of endometrial epithelial cells in vitro. Methods We prepared primary human endometrial epithelial cells and endometrial stromal cells and investigated whether endometrial stromal cells and human embryonic stem cell-derived feeder cells could support proliferation of endometrial epithelial cells. We also investigated whether three-dimensional culture can be achieved using thawed endometrial epithelial cells and endometrial stromal cells. Results Co-cultivation with the feeder cells dramatically increased the proliferation rate of the endometrial epithelial cells. We serially passaged the endometrial epithelial cells on mouse embryonic fibroblasts up to passage 6 for 4 months. Among the human-derived feeder cells, endometrial stromal cells exhibited the best feeder activity for proliferation of the endometrial epithelial cells. We continued to propagate the endometrial epithelial cells on endometrial stromal cells up to passage 5 for 81 days. Furthermore, endometrial epithelium and stroma, after the freeze-thaw procedure and sequential culture, were able to establish an endometrial three-dimensional model. Conclusions We herein established a model of in vitro cultured endometrium as a potential therapeutic option for refractory thin endometrium. The three-dimensional culture model with endometrial epithelial and stromal cell orchestration via cytokines, membrane-bound molecules, extracellular matrices, and gap junction will provide a new framework for exploring the mechanisms underlying the phenomenon of implantation. Additionally, modified embryo culture, so-called “in vitro implantation”, will be possible therapeutic approaches in fertility treatment.

2021 ◽  
Vol 2_2021 ◽  
pp. 90-95
Dzhincharadze L.G. Dzhincharadze ◽  
Abubakirov A.N. Abubakirov ◽  
Mishieva N.G. Mishieva ◽  
Bakuridze E.M. Bakuridze ◽  
Bystrykh O.A. Bystrykh ◽  

2021 ◽  
Vol 4_2021 ◽  
pp. 112-119
Apolikhina I.A. Apolikhina ◽  
Efendieva Z.N. Efendieva ◽  
Fedorova T.A. Fedorova ◽  
Belousov D.M. Belousov ◽  
Vishnyakova P.A. Vishnyakova ◽  

2021 ◽  
Vol 36 (Supplement_1) ◽  
K Banerjee ◽  
B Singla

Abstract Study question To assess the role of subcutaneous granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) in thin endometrium cases. Summary answer G CSF has beneficial role to improve the endometrium thickness in thin endometrium. What is known already Endometrium is very important for embryo implantation and the endometrial thickness is the marker of receptivity of the endometrium. Study design, size, duration Study design - Retrospective analysis Size - 88 infertile females with thin endometrium (< 7 mm) in the age group of 23 to 40 years Duration - one year. Participants/materials, setting, methods In the group 1 of 44 females, subcutaneous infusion of G CSF (300 mcg/ml) was added along with other supplements and if lining was not more than 7 mm in 72 hours, then second infusion was given. In the group 2 of 44 females, only estradiol valerate and sildenafil were given.The efficacy of G CSF was evaluated by assessing the endometrium thickness before embryo transfer, pregnancy rates and clinical pregnancy rates. Main results and the role of chance There was no difference between the two groups regarding demographic variables, egg reserve, sperm parameters, number of embryos transferred and embryo quality. . The pregnancy rate was 60% (24 out of 40 cases) in the group 1 that was significantly higher than in-group 2 that was 31% (9 out of 29 cases) with p value < 0.0001. The clinical pregnancy rate was also significantly higher in-group 1 (55%) as compared to group 2 (24%) with p value < 0.0001. Limitations, reasons for caution Further larger cohort studies are required to explore the subcutaneous role of G CSF in thin endometrium. Wider implications of the findings: Granulocyte colony-stimulating factor has beneficial role to improve the endometrium thickness in thin endometrium. In most of previous studies, the intrauterine infusion of G CSF was given to improve the uterine lining. This is one of the few studies done that showed subcutaneous role of G CSF in thin endometrium. Trial registration number Not applicable

Shokouhosadat Miralaei ◽  
Mahnaz Ashrafi ◽  
Arezoo Arabipoor ◽  
Zahra Zolfaghari ◽  
Saeideh Taghvaei

Background: Treatment-resistant thin endometrium (TTE) during in-vitro fertilization is a relatively uncommon and challenging problem. Objective: The primary aim of the study was to assess the TTE rate during frozen embryo transfer (FET) cycles and the secondary aim was to evaluate the effect of intrauterine instillation of granulocyte colony stimulating factor (G-CSF) in these cases. Materials and Methods: In this cross-sectional study, all of the women who underwent FET cycles with hormonal endometrial preparation in Royan Institute from June 2015 to March 2018 were evaluated and all of the cases with TTE diagnosis (endometrial thickness < 7 mm after using high doses of estradiol) were included. In the eligible cases, 300 μgr of G-CSF was infused intrauterine. If the endometrium had not reached at least a 7-mm, a second infusion was prescribed within 48 hr later. Results: During the study, 8,363 of FET cycles were evaluated and a total of 30 infertile patients (0.35%) with TTE diagnosis were detected. Finally, 20 eligible patients were included. The changes of endometrial thickness after G-CSF therapy were significant (p< 0.001); however, the endometrial thickness did not reach 7 mm in nine patients (45%) and the embryo transfer was canceled. Conclusion: It was found that the rate of TTE during the FET cycle is very low and intrauterine perfusion of G-CSF has a potential effect to increase the endometrial thickness in these patients; however, the rate of cancellation was still high and poor pregnancy outcomes were observed. Key words: Granulocyte colony-stimulating factor, Cryopreservation, Embryo transfer, Endometrial diseases.

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