autologous platelet
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2022 ◽  
Vol 38 (1) ◽  
R. Vignesh ◽  
V. Nirmal Coumare ◽  
S. Gopalakrishnan ◽  
P. Karthikeyan

Abstract Background and aim Chronic otitis media is defined as a chronic inflammation of the middle ear cleft producing irreversible pathological changes. The myringoplasty aims at the reconstruction of the tympanic membrane using a graft material. Autologous platelet-rich plasma can be used along with the graft to have a successful outcome. The aim of the study was to assess the efficacy of autologous platelet-rich plasma on graft uptake in myringoplasty. Methods This was a randomized controlled trial with a sample size of 76 patients. All patients were above 18 and below 55 years of age diagnosed with chronic suppurative otitis media and were planned for myringoplasty. The participants were randomly allotted to two groups by block randomization (block of 4). Intra-operatively, group I (n=38) received platelet-rich plasma–soaked gel foam and group II (n=38) was taken as the control group who received saline-soaked gel foam and examined by a blinded examiner at the end of 1st and 3rd months. Results The mean air-bone gap reduction post-operatively in the platelet-rich plasma group was 8.68 ± 4.8 (P value 0.034) and 6.05 ± 4.05 in the control group. The improvement in pure-tone average in the platelet-rich plasma group (P = 0.009) is more than that in the control group. The graft uptake was higher among the platelet-rich plasma group than the control group both at 1st and 3rd months (P value 0.049) which were statistically significant. Conclusion The present study concludes that the usage of platelet-rich plasma in the conventional myringoplasty technique has improved the success rate of graft uptake and reduced the graft migration. Trial registration Clinical Trials Registry-India (ICMR-NIMS) CTRI/2020/04/024416. Date of registration: 01/04/2020. Date of enrolment of the first participant to the trial: 06/04/2020. URL of the trial registry: Highlights Usage of autologous platelet-rich plasma (PRP) in conventional myringoplasty in underlay technique. Assessment of graft uptake, percentage of perforation closure, and the audiological outcome. Significant mean reduction of ABG in the PRP group. Significant improvement in PTA average in the PRP group. Graft uptake and percentage of perforation closure were higher in the PRP group and the control group. PRP is also beneficial in revision cases.

2022 ◽  
Vol 7 (2) ◽  
pp. 76-81
Rameshwar Sharan Gupta ◽  
Manish Khanna

Recent developments in cellular and molecular biology have emerged as a potent tool in the management of orthopaedic illnesses and injuries. Upon binding to the target cell receptor, the growth factor from platelets triggers the activation of an intracellular signal transduction system, which results in a biological response that is essential for chemotaxis, cell proliferation, and osteoblastic differentiation. The aim of this study is to determine the efficacy and safety of autologous platelet-rich plasma injection in tennis elbow and plantar fasciitis. We conducted a prospective study with patients who were suffering from plantar fasciitis (n=37) or tennis elbow (n=23) and were given with autologous platelet-rich plasma injection. A short term follow up of all these cases were done at regular intervals for 1, 4, 8, and 12 weeks. The clinical outcomes were analyzed with severity of pain and movements of the pathological part. The functional outcomes were analyzed with VAS and AOFAS scoring for plantar fasciitis and VAS and Mayo’s elbow scoring for tennis elbow. All these patients were statistically analyzed by repeated measures ANOVA test. Our investigation found a statistically significant difference between pre-procedural and post-procedural scores in both the subjective (VAS) and functional (AOFAS and Mayo elbow score) grading systems used in this study. Patients who received an autologous platelet-rich plasma injection experienced a statistically significant (p <0.05) improvement in their ability to combat both of the musculoskeletal illnesses studied. Autologous platelet-rich plasma acts as a promising efficacious biological therapeutic agent for use in musculoskeletal disorders such as plantar fasciitis and tennis elbow without major complications upon its usage.

2022 ◽  
pp. 004947552110694
Konchok Dorjay ◽  
Sidharth Tandon ◽  
Ajeet Singh ◽  
Satish Sharma ◽  
Kabir Sardana

Patients with Hansen's disease are liable to develop non-healing trophic ulcers. The aim of this study was to determine the efficacy of autologous platelet rich fibrin (PRF) applied at weekly intervals in the management of trophic ulcers. The mean age of the patients, duration and size of ulcer were 44.3 years, 7.4 months and 6.25cm2 respectively. After the third sessions of weekly dressing, there was a significant reduction in the ulcer area (p value  =  0.015). All ulcers healed by a maximum of six weeks. No adverse events were noted. PRF thus seems a feasible, safe, simple and cost-effective treatment method.

2022 ◽  
Siying Li ◽  
Hongyi Yang ◽  
Qinyu Duan ◽  
Hongyu Bao ◽  
Aodi Li ◽  

Abstract Background:Autologous platelet concentrate has been widely used to encourage the regeneration of hard and soft tissues. Up to now, there are three generations of autologous platelet concentrates. Many studies have shown that different autologous platelet concentrates have different healing effects. However, these differences still need to be further verified and discussed. The purpose of this study was to explore and compare the effects of platelet-rich fibrin, concentrated growth factor and platelet-poor plasma on the healing of tooth extraction sockets in New Zealand rabbits. Methods:A total of 24 healthy male New Zealand white rabbits aged 8-12 weeks were selected. The experimental animals were randomly divided into four groups: three experimental groups were respectively implanted with PPP, CGF and PRF gel after bilateral mandibular anterior teeth were extracted, and the control group did not implant any material. The alveolar bone of the mandibular anterior region was taken at 2, 4 and 8 weeks after operation. The height and width of the extraction wound were detected by CBCT, the growth of the new bone was observed by HE and Masson staining, and the expression of osteogenic genes was detected by real-time PCR. Data were analyzed using IBM SPSS statistical package 22.0.Results: The radiological results showed that alveolar bone absorption in all groups gradually increased over time. However, the experimental groups showed lower amounts of bone absorption. The histological results showed that new bone formation was observed in all groups. Over time, the new bone trabeculae of the CGF group became closely aligned while those in the PPP and PRF groups remained scattered. PCR results showed that the expression of BMP-2 and ALP was higher in the experimental groups than the control group.Conclusion: In conclusion, the application of PRF, CGF and PPP in tooth extraction sockets effectively promoted bone regeneration. CGF showed more effective bone induction and tissue regeneration ability in the long term.

Andrew J.T. Muir ◽  
Andrew J. Niehaus ◽  
Joseph W. Lozier ◽  
Sara L. Cole ◽  
Zarah A. Belacic ◽  

Abstract OBJECTIVE To investigate the chondroprotective effects of autologous platelet-rich plasma (PRP), ampicillin-sulbactam (AmpS), or PRP combined with AmpS (PRP+AmpS) in an in vitro chondrocyte explant model of bovine Staphylococcus aureus–induced septic arthritis. SAMPLE Autologous PRP and cartilage explants obtained from 6 healthy, adult, nonlactating Jersey-crossbred cows. ProcedureS Autologous PRP was prepared prior to euthanasia using an optimized double centrifugation protocol. Cartilage explants collected from grossly normal stifle joints were incubated in synovial fluid (SF) alone, S aureus–inoculated SF (SA), or SA supplemented with PRP (25% culture medium volume), AmpS (2 mg/mL), or both PRP (25% culture medium volume) and AmpS (2 mg/mL; PRP+AmpS) for 24 hours. The metabolic activity, percentage of dead cells, and glycosaminoglycan content of cartilage explants were measured with a resazurin-based assay, live-dead cell staining, and dimethylmethylene blue assay, respectively. Treatment effects were assessed relative to the findings for cartilage explants incubated in SF alone. RESULTS Application of PRP, AmpS, and PRP+AmpS treatments significantly reduced S aureus–induced chondrocyte death (ie, increased metabolic activity and cell viability staining) in cartilage explants, compared with untreated controls. There were no significant differences in chondrocyte death among explants treated with PRP, AmpS, or PRP+AmpS. CLINICAL RELEVANCE In this in vitro explant model of S aureus–induced septic arthritis, PRP, AmpS, and PRP+AmpS treatments mitigated chondrocyte death. Additional work to confirm the efficacy of PRP with bacteria commonly associated with clinical septic arthritis in cattle as well as in vivo evaluation is warranted.

Namrata Choudhary ◽  
Akash More ◽  
Roshankumar Jha ◽  
Ashish P. Anjankar

One of the key factors in implantation and pregnancy is endometrium. Sufficiently great percentage of in vitro fertilization failure is because of the endometrial receptivity therefore, high quality embryo and adequate receptive endometrial growth are important for successful implantation. Platelet rich plasma has beneficial effect in advancement of endometrial thickness for women with thin endometrial thickness. PRP can be used in various medical conditions including  patients with refractory endometrium as a complementary therapy to conventional  treatment. Aim: To determine the effectiveness of intrauterine infusion of autologous platelet-rich plasma in the treatment of thin endometrium of infertile women. Objectives: To identify infertile female patients with inadequate endometrial growth (less than 7 mm) in the past frozen embryo transfer (FET) cycles despite standard treatments. To observe intrauterine infusion of autologous platelet-rich plasma (PRP) in these infertile female patients with thin endometrium. To determine the effectiveness of intrauterine infusion of autologous PRP in the treatment of thin endometrium of infertile women during In vitro fertilization (IVF). Methods: It is a prospective observational study. Present study will be carried out with 30 patients. Women having inappropriate endometrial thickness of less than 7 mm, in past FET cycles will be included. Sonographic machine will be used; to measure endometrial thickness by  an expert Gynecologist, where thickest part of uterus will be measured in longitudinal  axis.  Expected Results: It is expected that intra uterine infusion of PRP will be effective in thickening of endometrial wall in patients with thin endometrium. Once the results are satisfactory it can be helpful for endometrial preparation in reproduction techniques. Conclusion: Present study is purposed to testify PRP as a novel method for advancement of reproductive medicine, it will be helpful to overcome with the issues such as inadequate thickness of endometrium, poor response to conventional therapy and increase clinical pregnancies and live births positively.

2021 ◽  
pp. 30-32
A. V. Gismieva

The article is of a review nature and contains up-to-date information on the application autologous platelet-rich plasma in trichology. The use of autologous platelet-rich plasma is a promising treatment. The application on this technique is to improve and accelerate the processes caused by the stimulating growth factors contained in platelets.

Felix Hagenau ◽  
Nikolaus Luft ◽  
Matthias Nobl ◽  
Denise Vogt ◽  
Julian E. Klaas ◽  

Abstract Purpose To evaluate the use of highly concentrated autologous platelet-rich plasma (PRP) in lamellar macular hole (LMH) surgery with regard to function and morphology. Methods We included 12 eyes of 12 patients with progressive LMH in this interventional case series. After 23/25-gauge pars plana vitrectomy, 0.1ml highly concentrated autologous platelet-rich plasma was applied under air tamponade. Induction of posterior vitreous detachment and peeling of tractive epiretinal membranes were performed whenever present. Phacovitrectomy was undertaken in cases of phakic lens status. Postoperatively, all patients were instructed to rest in a supine position for the first two postoperative hours. Best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) testing, microperimetry, spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT), and fundus photography were carried out preoperatively and 6 months postoperatively. Results Foveal configuration was restored in 10 of 12 patients (83.3%) at 6 months postoperatively. Two patients who had not undergone ILM peeling showed a recurring defect at 6-month follow-up. Best-corrected visual acuity improved significantly from 0.29 ± 0.08 to 0.14 ± 0.13 logMAR (Wilcoxon: p=0.028). Microperimetry remained unchanged (23.38 ± 2.53 preoperatively; 23.0 ± 2.49 dB postoperatively; p=0.67). No patient experienced vision loss after surgery, and no significant intra- or postoperative complications occurred. Conclusion The application of PRP in the surgical therapy of LMH results in good morphological and functional outcomes. Additional peeling of the ILM seems to be mandatory when using PRP to prevent the recurrence of LMH. Strict postoperative supine positioning for 2 h avoids PRP dislocation. Larger sample sizes are needed to confirm the results.

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