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2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (5) ◽  
pp. 1015-1021
Author(s):  
Gen Lin ◽  
Ruichun Long ◽  
Xiaoqing Yang ◽  
Songsong Mao ◽  
Hongying Li

Objective: The present study aimed to investigate the role of etomidate in intestinal cell ischemia and hypoxia-reperfusion injury and potential mechanisms. Method: In this study, we establish the intestinal epithelial cells ischemia-reperfusion model in vitro. CCK8 was used to detect cell viability and flow cytometry assay was used to detect apoptosis levels of treated OGD/R model cells. ELISA measured the expression level of oxidative stress factors and inflammatory factors. Furthermore, western blot assay was used to detect the expression the apoptosis-related factors and TNFR-associated factors in treated OGD/R model cells. Result: Etomidate does not affect the activity of intestinal epithelial cells, and can protect intestinal epithelial cells to reduce ischemiareperfusion injury, and the expression of inflammatory factors and oxidative stress in cells with mild intestinal epithelial ischemia-reperfusion injury. Etomidate alleviates apoptosis of intestinal epithelial ischemia-reperfusion injury cells. Etomidate inhibits the activation of traf6-mediated NF-κB signal during ischemia-anoxia reperfusion of intestinal epithelial cells. Conclusion: Taken together, our study demonstrated that etomidate attenuates inflammatory response and apoptosis in intestinal epithelial cells during ischemic hypoxia-reperfusion injury and inhibits activation of NF-κB signaling regulated by TRAF6.


Gene Reports ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 26 ◽  
pp. 101456
Author(s):  
Abbas Hadi Albosale ◽  
Olga Andreevna Garbuzova ◽  
Konstantin Alekseevich Kovalenko ◽  
Elena Vladimirovna Mashkina

2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (3) ◽  
pp. 659-664
Author(s):  
Wei Li ◽  
Tieying Shan ◽  
Jianping Shi ◽  
Zexian Fu ◽  
Shujing Qi ◽  
...  

Extracted MenSC (Menstrual blood-derived stem cells) from female menstrual blood. Added various exogenous factors in-vitro and simulated the female uterine environment to observe how to make MenSC differentiation into Endometrial epithelial cells by artificial induction. MenSCs were divided into 4 groups: 2.5×10−5 mol/L E group, 1.613 nmol/L EGF group, 2.5×10−5 mol/L E+1.613 nmol/L EGF group, control Group (only MenSCs); the relevant indicators of the experiment includes cell staining and Western Blot to detect CK and VIM protein content; RT-PCR to detect CK-19 mRNA and VIM mRNA. The cell staining results showed that E+EGF group had significant differentiation in 7 days and 14 days. CK-19mRNA of E+EGF group was significantly higher than other groups, and the EGF group expression was obviously higher than that of E group, and VIMmRNA expression is opposite to that. The protein expression had the similar performance. MenSC can differentiate into endometrial epithelial cells after induced by E and EFG; and the co-culture of E and EFG can achieve better differentiation, which proves their work together in MenSC differentiate towards endometrial epithelial cells.


2022 ◽  
Vol 146 ◽  
pp. 112525
Author(s):  
Giacomo Picciolo ◽  
Federica Mannino ◽  
Natasha Irrera ◽  
Letteria Minutoli ◽  
Domenica Altavilla ◽  
...  

2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (2) ◽  
pp. 239-247
Author(s):  
Kun Liu ◽  
Wanjing Yu ◽  
Yaoyao Tang ◽  
Chao Chen

Background: Bronchial asthma is a common chronic inflammatory disease of the respiratory tract, whose pathogenesis involves a variety of factors. The purpose of this study was to explore the effect of traditional Chinese medicine Glycyrrhizin (Gly) on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced inflammation and apoptosis of bronchial epithelial cells and its action mechanism. Methods: Gly (20 µM) was used to treat bronchial epithelial BEAS-2B cells stimulated with LPS. The expression of SRC and miR-146b-5p in BEAS-2B cells was modified by the respective transfections with pcDNA-SRC, miR-146b-5p mimic and miR-146b-5p inhibitor. STRING and Starbase online databases were used to predict the relationship between Gly, miR-146b-5p and SRC. Luciferase reporter assays were performed to verify the binding of miR-146b-5p to SRC. The viability, inflammatory response and apoptosis of BEAS-2B cells were examined by CCK-8, ELISA and Tunel assays respectively. The expressions of apoptosis-related proteins (Bcl-2, Bax, caspase3 and Cleaved-caspase3), SRC and miR-146b-5p were detected by qRT-PCR or western blotting. Results: Gly inhibited LPS-induced inflammation and apoptosis in BEAS-2B cells. The interaction between Gly and SRC was predicted by STRING. SRC expression was high in BEAS-2B cells stimulated with LPS and could be negatively regulated by Gly. Overexpression of SRC effectively alleviated the inhibitory effect of Gly on LPS-induced damages in BEAS-2B cells. In addition, results of luciferase reporter assays verified SRC as a direct target gene of miR-146b-5p. The expression level of miR-146b-5p was downregulated by LPS stimulation in BEAS-2B cells. Gly decreased the expression of SRC in LPS-stimulated BEAS-2B cells. These results could all be reversed by miR-146b-5p knockdown. Conclusion: Gly decreases the expression of SRC by upregulating the level of miR-146b-5p, thus alleviating the inflammation and apoptosis of bronchial epithelial cells treated with LPS. Our results provide a new theoretical basis for applying Gly to the clinical management of asthma.


2022 ◽  
Vol 23 (2) ◽  
pp. 962
Author(s):  
Xingzhi Wang ◽  
Nitesh Tewari ◽  
Fuyuki Sato ◽  
Keiji Tanimoto ◽  
Lakshmi Thangavelu ◽  
...  

Sodium fluoride (NaF) is widely used in clinical dentistry. However, the administration of high or low concentrations of NaF has various functions in different tissues. Understanding the mechanisms of the different effects of NaF will help to optimize its use in clinical applications. Studies of NaF and epithelial cells, osteoblasts, osteoclasts, and periodontal cells have suggested the significant roles of fluoride treatment. In this review, we summarize recent studies on the biphasic functions of NaF that are related to both soft and hard periodontal tissues, multiple diseases, and clinical dentistry.


2022 ◽  
Author(s):  
Wenjing Zou ◽  
maozhu xu ◽  
Jie Hu ◽  
Lili Yang ◽  
Gang Gen ◽  
...  

Abstract Backgroud: The chromatin remodeling factor Brg1 (Brahma-related gene 1) is an important nuclear protein that promotes the transcriptional activation or inhibition of target genes by regulating ATP hydrolysis to generate energy which rearranges the position of nucleosomes and the interaction of histone DNA. In this study, we explored the effect of Brg1 on airway mucus hypersecretion in asthma.Methods: Six-to-eight-week-old female wild-type C57BL/6 mice (wild-type, WT) and type II alveolar epithelial cells (AECIIs) specifically knockout Brg1 mice (Brg1fl/fl) were selected as the experimental subjects. The asthma group was established with house dust mite (HDM), and the control group was treated with normal saline (n=10). Wright's staining was used to detect inflammatory cells in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF). Invasive lung function was used to assess the airway compliance. Hematoxylin and eosin and periodic acid-schiff staining were used to detect mucus secretion. The virus was used to knock down the Brg1 gene in the bronchial epithelial cell line (16HBE) and stimulated with HDM. Immunohistochemistry was used to measure mucin glycoprotein 5AC (MUC5AC) protein expression in the airway epithelium and 16HBE cells. Western blotting was used to detect the expression of the MUC5AC and JAK1/2-STAT6 signaling pathways in mouse lung tissue and 16HBE. Co-immunoprecipitation (Co-IP) and Chromatin Immunoprecipitation (CHIP) were used to detect whether Brg1 could regulate the JAK1/2-STAT6 signaling pathway.Results: Specifically, knocking out the Brg1 gene in AECIIs can reduce airway inflammation, airway compliance, and mucus hypersecretion in asthma. Knockdown of the Brg1 gene can simultaneously reduce Interleukin-13 (IL-13) and the expression of MUC5AC protein in airway epithelial cells and the activation of the JAK1/2-STAT6 signaling pathway. The results of Co-IP and CHIP showed that Brg1 could bind to the JAK1/2 promoter region, regulating the activity of the JAK1/2-STAT6 pathway affects airway mucus secretion in asthma.Conclusion: Brg1 gene knockout in airway epithelial cells can reduce asthmatic airway mucus hypersecretion and the expression of MUC5AC protein in airway epithelial cells partly by inhibiting the activation of the JAK1/2-STAT6 signaling pathway.


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