Mind the Difference: Characterizing the Impact of Behavioral Health Disorders on Facial Trauma

2022 ◽  
Vol 271 ◽  
pp. 32-40
David Dugue ◽  
George A. Taylor ◽  
Jenna Maroney ◽  
Joseph R. Spaniol ◽  
Frederick V. Ramsey ◽  
Penny M Kris-Etherton ◽  
Kristina S Petersen ◽  
Joseph R Hibbeln ◽  
Daniel Hurley ◽  
Valerie Kolick ◽  

Abstract Suboptimal nutrition has been implicated in the underlying pathology of behavioral health disorders and may impede treatment and recovery. Thus, optimizing nutritional status should be a treatment for these disorders and is likely important for prevention. The purpose of this narrative review is to describe the global burden and features of depression and anxiety, and summarize recent evidence regarding the role of diet and nutrition in the prevention and management of depression and anxiety. Current evidence suggests that healthy eating patterns that meet food-based dietary recommendations and nutrient requirements may assist in the prevention and treatment of depression and anxiety. Randomized controlled trials are needed to better understand how diet and nutrition-related biological mechanisms affect behavioral health disorders, to assist with the development of effective evidence-based nutrition interventions, to reduce the impact of these disorders, and promote well-being for affected individuals.

Jessica A Jonikas ◽  
Judith A Cook ◽  
Margaret Swarbrick ◽  
Patricia Nemec ◽  
Pamela J Steigman ◽  

Abstract People with behavioral health disorders may be particularly vulnerable to the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, yet little is known about how they are faring. A mixed-methods, anonymous needs assessment was conducted to understand changes in the lives of adults with mental health and substance use disorders since the pandemic onset. A cross-sectional, online survey was completed by 272 adults in April and May 2020, recruited from statewide networks of community programs in New Jersey and New York. Measures included the Patient Health Questionnaire-2 and the Generalized Anxiety Disorder-2 to screen for depressive and anxiety disorders. Also assessed was the pandemic’s impact on sleep and dietary patterns, exposure to COVID-19 infection, and access to health care and medications. Finally, respondents were asked to describe in their own words any changes in their lives since the pandemic began. Over one-third (35.1%) screened positive for generalized anxiety disorder and over one-quarter (29.6%) screened positive for major depressive disorder. The majority reported pandemic-related changes in eating and sleeping patterns and exposure to COVID-19 infection. Multivariable logistic regression analysis found that many changes attributed to the pandemic were positively and significantly associated with screening positive for anxiety and depressive disorders. Qualitative analysis confirmed these findings and identified participants’ resilience stemming from social support, emotion management, and self-care. These results can inform the design of services that assist this population to bolster self-management skills and reestablish daily habits to improve their lives during and following the pandemic.

Circulation ◽  
2020 ◽  
Vol 142 (Suppl_3) ◽  
Jayakumar Sreenivasan ◽  
Mohammad S Khan ◽  
Safi U Khan ◽  
Wilbert S Aronow ◽  
Julio A Panza ◽  

Background: Mental and behavioral health disorders (MBD) are associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease and with worse long-term outcomes after myocardial infarction (MI). Hypothesis: We hypothesized the prevalence of MBD among patients with acute MI is rising over time. Methods: Using National Inpatient Sample Database, we assessed temporal trends in the prevalence of MBD and in-hospital outcomes among patients hospitalized for acute MI in the US from 2008-2017. We used multiple logistic regression for in-hospital outcomes and examined yearly trends and estimated annual percent change (APC) in odds of MBD among MI patients. Results: We included a total of 6,117,804 patients with MI (ST elevation MI 30.4%) with a mean age of 67.2±0.04 and 39% females. Psychoactive substance use disorder (PSD) (24.9%) was the most common behavioral health disorder, and major depression (6.2%) and anxiety disorders (6.0%) were the most common mental health disorders, followed by bipolar disorder (0.9%), schizophrenia/psychotic disorders (0.8%) and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) (0.3%). Between 2008 to 2018, the prevalence of PSD (23.7-25.0%, APC +0.6%), major depression (4.7-7.4%, APC +6.2%), anxiety disorders (3.2-8.9%, APC +13.5%), PTSD (0.2-0.6%, +12.5%) and bipolar disorder (0.7-1.0%, APC +4.0%) significantly increased over the time period. Major depression, bipolar disorder or schizophrenia/psychotic disorders were associated with a lower likelihood of coronary revascularization, although a co-diagnosis of MBD was associated with a lower risk of in-hospital mortality. Conclusion: MBD are common among patients with acute MI and there was a concerning increase in the prevalence of PSD, major depression, bipolar disorder, anxiety disorders and PTSD. Focused mental and behavioral health interventions and health care policy changes are warranted to address the increasing burden of comorbid MBD among acute MI.

2019 ◽  
Brenda Curtis ◽  
Brandon Bergman ◽  
Austin Brown ◽  
Jessica McDaniel ◽  
Kristen Harper ◽  

BACKGROUND Research suggests that digital recovery support services (D-RSSs) may help support individual recovery and augment the availability of in-person supports. Previous studies highlight the use of D-RSSs in supporting individuals in recovery from substance use but have yet to examine the use of D-RSSs in supporting a combination of behavioral health disorders, including substance use, mental health, and trauma. Similarly, few studies on D-RSSs have evaluated gender-specific supports or integrated communities, which may be helpful to women and individuals recovering from behavioral health disorders. OBJECTIVE The goal of this study was to evaluate the SHE RECOVERS (SR) recovery community, with the following 3 aims: (1) to characterize the women who engage in SR (including demographics and recovery-related characteristics), (2) describe the ways and frequency in which participants engage with SR, and (3) examine the perception of benefit derived from engagement with SR. METHODS This study used a cross-sectional survey to examine the characteristics of SR participants. Analysis of variance and chi-square tests, as well as univariate logistic regressions, were used to explore each aim. RESULTS Participants (N=729, mean age 46.83 years; 685/729, 94% Caucasian) reported being in recovery from a variety of conditions, although the most frequent nonexclusive disorder was substance use (86.40%, n=630). Participants had an average length in recovery (LIR) of 6.14 years (SD 7.87), with most having between 1 and 5 years (n=300). The most frequently reported recovery pathway was abstinence-based 12-step mutual aid (38.40%). Participants reported positive perceptions of benefit from SR participation, which did not vary by LIR or recovery pathway. Participants also had high rates of agreement, with SR having a positive impact on their lives, although this too did vary by recovery length and recovery pathway. Participants with 1 to 5 years of recovery used SR to connect with other women in recovery at higher rates, whereas those with less than 1 year used SR to ask for resources at higher rates, and those with 5 or more years used SR to provide support at higher rates. Lifetime engagement with specific supports of SR was also associated with LIR and recovery pathway. CONCLUSIONS Gender-specific and integrated D-RSSs are feasible and beneficial from the perspective of participants. D-RSSs also appear to provide support to a range of recovery typologies and pathways in an effective manner and may be a vital tool for expanding recovery supports for those lacking in access and availability because of geography, social determinants, or other barriers.

2010 ◽  
Vol 3 (2) ◽  
pp. 155-163 ◽  
Nancy Wolff ◽  
Roshnee Vazquez ◽  
B. Christopher Frueh ◽  
Jing Shi ◽  
Brooke E. Schumann ◽  

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