One of the cheapest methods of extracting gold is heap leaching. However, the recovery of gold by this method is relatively low, compared with cyanidation of the crushed material, so the search for the ways to intensify leaching and increase gold recovery is an urgent task. Investigations on heap leaching of gold from the gold-bearing ore of the Sari Gunay deposit were conducted using a promising reagent sodium acetate to intensify the heap leaching process. The results of assay-gravimetric, chemical, mineralogical and granulometric analyses of oxidized ore are presented. The average gold content in the ore was 2.90 g/t. According to the electron probe analysis, gold in the ore is present in the form of fine (micron) inclusions in minerals and ore rocks. Comparative studies on heap leaching of gold from the crushed ore with a grain size of –20 + 0 mm with the addition of sodium acetate and without that were carried out. The degree of gold recovery with sodium acetate at a flow rate of 0.5 kg/t was 58.74%, that without sodium acetate was 54.69%, i.e. the addition of the reagent provides an increase in recovery of more than 4%. Leaching with the addition of the reagent also reduces sodium cyanide consumption from 0.65 to 0.59 kg/t. The research results have shown that sodium acetate can be used to intensify the process of heap leaching of gold when the ore size is –20+0 mm.
Gold is one of the precious metals with multiple uses, whose deposits are much smaller than the global production needs. Therefore, extracting maximum gold quantities from industrial diluted solutions is a must. Am-L-GA is a new material, obtained by an Amberlite XAD7-type commercial resin, functionalized through saturation with L-glutamic acid, whose adsorption capacity has been proved to be higher than those of other materials utilized for gold adsorption. In this context, this article presents the results of a factorial design experiment for optimizing the gold recovery from residual solutions resulting from the electronics industry using Am-L-GA. Firstly, the material was characterized using atomic force microscopy (AFM), to emphasize the material’s characteristics, essential for the adsorption quality. Then, the study showed that among the parameters taken into account in the analysis (pH, temperature, initial gold concentration, and contact time), the initial gold concentration in the solution plays a determinant role in the removal process and the contact time has a slightly positive effect, whereas the pH and temperature do not influence the adsorption capacity. The maximum adsorption capacity of 29.27 mg/L was obtained by optimizing the adsorption process, with the control factors having the following values: contact time ~106 min, initial Au(III) concentration of ~164 mg/L, pH = 4, and temperature of 25 °C. It is highlighted that the factorial design method is an excellent instrument to determine the effects of different factors influencing the adsorption process. The method can be applied for any adsorption process if it is necessary to reduce the number of experiments, to diminish the resources or time consumption, or for expanding the investigation domain above the experimental limits.
AbstractRecently, an emerging electrodeposition-redox replacement (EDRR) method was demonstrated to provide exceptionally efficient gold recovery from cyanide-free hydrometallurgical solutions. However, the effect of electrode material and its corrosion resistance in this process was overlooked, even though the EDRR process is carried out in extremely corrosive, acidic chloride solution that also contains significant amounts of strong oxidants, i.e., cupric ions. In the current study, nickel alloy C-2000, stainless steels 316L and 654SMO, and grade 2 titanium were for the first time critically evaluated as potential cathode materials for EDRR. The particular emphasis was placed on better understanding of the effect of cathode substrate on the overall efficiency of the gold recovery process. The use of a multiple attribute decision-making method of material selection allowed reaching of a well-founded compromise between the corrosion properties of the electrodes and process efficiency of gold extraction. The 654SMO steel demonstrated outstanding performance among the examined materials, as it enabled gold recovery of 28.1 pct after 3000 EDRR cycles, while its corrosion rate (CR) was only 0.02 mm/year.