precious metals
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2022 ◽  
Vol 75 ◽  
pp. 102456
Peterson Owusu Junior ◽  
Aviral Kumar Tiwari ◽  
George Tweneboah ◽  
Emmanuel Asafo-Adjei

2022 ◽  
Vol 75 ◽  
pp. 102470
Danish Iqbal Godil ◽  
Salman Sarwat ◽  
Muhammad Kamran Khan ◽  
Muhammad Sajjad Ashraf ◽  
Arshian Sharif ◽  

2022 ◽  
Vol 13 (1) ◽  
pp. 001-011
Yete Pélagie ◽  
Togbe FC Alexis ◽  
Yovo Franck ◽  
Suanon Fidèle ◽  
Sidohounde Assou ◽  

Natural minerals are a powerful tool in politics when some have a major role in production. Its depletion is now a hot topic worldwide. Thus, the safety of the environment, natural surface water, groundwater and the protection of soils from chronic contamination by metallic and inorganic elements is a global concern. Indeed, industrialization and development have led to the generation of huge and varied amounts of waste, including electronic waste (e-waste), which is released into the environment. Although e-waste is classified as hazardous, most of it is not recycled and developed countries with strict environmental protection legislation send most of their e-waste to developing countries where regulations are lax. These electronic devices and components after being used are simply dumped into the environment due to lack of treatment and recycling strategy. As a result, they become a threat to the environment, ecosystems and humans. African countries are among the most vulnerable nations. But they are unfortunately ignored and underestimated. To date, there is no e-waste recycling unit (factory) in most African countries and mainly in the Republic of Benin. In response to this challenge, this study explored the different techniques used for the recycling of waste electrical/electronic equipment in order to develop a new environmentally friendly approach in future work, for the extraction and recycling of the usual and valuable metallic elements contained in electronic waste (printed circuit boards) released into the environment. For this purpose, a bibliographic research was carried out from 20 April to 16 October 2021. The results obtained allowed us to identify the advantages and disadvantages of existing recycling methods.

2022 ◽  
Vol 14 (2) ◽  
pp. 955
Salma Elhenawy ◽  
Majeda Khraisheh ◽  
Fares AlMomani ◽  
Mohammad Al-Ghouti ◽  
Mohammad K. Hassan

Due to fossil fuel depletion and the rapid growth of industry, it is critical to develop environmentally friendly and long-term alternative energy technologies. Microbial fuel cells (MFCs) are a powerful platform for extracting energy from various sources and converting it to electricity. As no intermediate steps are required to harness the electricity from the organic substrate’s stored chemical energy, MFC technology offers a sustainable alternative source of energy production. The generation of electricity from the organic substances contained in waste using MFC technology could provide a cost-effective solution to the issue of environmental pollution and energy shortages in the near future. Thus, technical advancements in bioelectricity production from wastewater are becoming commercially viable. Due to practical limitations, and although promising prospects have been reported in recent investigations, MFCs are incapable of upscaling and of high-energy production. In this review paper, intensive research has been conducted on MFCs’ applications in the treatment of wastewater. Several types of waste have been extensively studied, including municipal or domestic waste, industrial waste, brewery wastewater, and urine waste. Furthermore, the applications of MFCs in the removal of nutrients (nitrogen and sulphates) and precious metals from wastewater were also intensively reviewed. As a result, the efficacy of various MFCs in achieving sustainable power generation from wastewater has been critically addressed in this study.

2022 ◽  
Vol 15 (1) ◽  
pp. 24
Antonis A. Michis

This study proposes a wavelet procedure for estimating partial correlation coefficients between stock market returns over different time scales. The estimated partial correlations are subsequently used in a cluster analysis to identify, for each time scale, groups of stocks that exhibit distinct market movement characteristics and are therefore useful for portfolio diversification. The proposed procedure is demonstrated using all the major S&P 500 sector indices as well as precious metals and energy sector futures returns during the last decade. The results suggest cluster formations that vary by time scale, which entails different stock selection strategies for investors differing in terms of their investment horizon orientation.

2022 ◽  
pp. 207-218
Dayanand Peter ◽  
Leonard Shruti Arputha Sakayaraj ◽  
Thottiam Vasudevan Ranganathan

Catalysts ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (1) ◽  
pp. 58
Poshan Kumar Reddy Kuppam ◽  
K. M. M. D. K. Kimbulapitiya ◽  
Srikanth Vuppala ◽  
Kuangye Wang ◽  
G. Phaneendra Reddy ◽  

Replacing precious metals with low-cost metals is the best solution for large scale production. Copper is known for its excellent conductivity and thermal management applications. When it comes to hydrogen evolution reaction, it is highly unstable, especially in KOH solution. In this paper, we approached a simple method to reduce corrosion and improve the performance by depositing nickel-molybdenum oxide and nickel on copper substrates and the achieved tafel slopes of 115 mV/dec and 117 mV/dec at 10 mA/cm2. While at first, molybdenum oxide coated samples showed better performance after 100 cycles of stability tests, the onset potential rapidly changed. Cu–Ni, which was deposited using the electron gun evaporation (e-gun), has shown better performance with 0.28 V at 10 mA/cm2 and led to stability after 100 cycles. Our results show that when copper is alloyed with nickel, it acts as a promising hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) catalyst.

2022 ◽  
Shinta Watanabe ◽  
Yusuke Inaba ◽  
Miki Harigai ◽  
Kenji Takeshita ◽  
Jun Onoe

Abstract We have examined the uptake mechanisms of platinum-group-metals (PGMs) and molybdenum (Mo) ions into PBNPs in a nitric acid solution for 24-h sorption test, using inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectroscopy, powder XRD, and UV-Vis-NIR spectroscopy in combination with first-principles calculations, and revealed that the Ru4+ and Pd2+ ions are incorporated into PBNPs by substitution with Fe3+ and Fe2+ ions of the PB framework, respectively, whereas the Rh3+ ion is incorporated into PBNPs by substitution mainly with Fe3+ and minorly with Fe2+ ion, and Mo6+ ion is incorporated into PBNPs by substitution with both Fe2+ and Fe3+ ions, with maintaining the crystal structure before and after the sorption test. Assuming that the amount of Fe elusion is equal to that of PGMs/Mo substitution, the substitution efficiency is estimated to be 39.0% for Ru, 47.8% for Rh, 87% for Pd, and 17.1% for Mo6+. This implies that 0.13 g of Ru, 0.16 g of Rh, 0.30 g of Pd, and 0.107 g of Mo can be recovered by using 1g PBNPs with a chemical form of KFe(III)[Fe(II)(CN)6].

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