heap leaching
Recently Published Documents





Denis Ordinartsev ◽  
Alexey Krasheninin ◽  
Sofia Petrova ◽  
Olga Gyrdasova

2021 ◽  
pp. 32-36
O. S. Bryukhovetsky ◽  
A. G. Sekisov ◽  
A. V. Rasskazova ◽  
A. Yu. Lavrov

2021 ◽  
Vol 5 (1) ◽  
pp. 65
Styliani Agatzini-Leonardou ◽  
Paschalis Oustadakis ◽  
Dimitra Dimaki ◽  
John Zafiratos ◽  
Petros Tsakiridis ◽  

The present paper gives the thus far unpublished results of a pilot-scale heap leaching test of a Greek low-grade nickel oxide ore, aiming at verifying, at a large scale, the amenability of Greek laterites to heap leaching by the HELLAS (Heap Leaching LAteriteS) process, developed at the National Technical University of Athens for the first time worldwide and patented by some of the authors as early as in 1991. The test was conducted at the site of Aghios Ioannis mine of G.M.M.S.A. LARCO in 2006–2008 and was financed and supervised by the Institute of Geology and Mineral Exploration (I.G.M.E). The ore sample, 800 t, was from the “Triada” deposit of LARCO, in Euboea, and contained 0.73% nickel, 0.06% cobalt, 35.6% iron and 15% silicon. The ore was ground to −18 mm and the leaching agent was 2N (100 g/L) sulphuric acid solution. The nickel and cobalt recoveries obtained at the time of termination but not completion of the test, after four leaching cycles and 114 days of irrigation, were 60 and 36%, respectively. The corresponding nickel and cobalt concentrations in the produced leach liquor were 3.4 and 0.17 g/L, respectively. The value of the ratio Fe/Ni in the leach liquor was 10/1, much lower than the value 45/1 in the ore, thus showing the selectivity of the leaching of nickel over iron in the Greek ores by the above method. The consumption of sulphuric acid was 66 kg H2SO4/kg Ni recovered. The preliminary feasibility study, that followed the test, confirmed the economic viability of the integrated HELLAS process for the low-grade nickel oxide ores of Greece.

2021 ◽  
Vol 174 ◽  
pp. 107253
Borbor A.K.K. Gibson ◽  
Glen Nwaila ◽  
Jochen Petersen

2021 ◽  
pp. 105811
S.W. Robertson ◽  
P.J. van Staden ◽  
A. Cherkaev ◽  
J. Petersen

2021 ◽  
Vol 2021 ◽  
pp. 1-12
Wei Ju ◽  
Jianhua Yang ◽  
Zemin Wang ◽  
Chi Yao ◽  
Xiaobo Zhang

In the traditional heap leaching of rare earth minerals, the top of the rare earth pile is covered with leaching liquid. This creates trouble for vegetation restoration carried out timely on the top of the pile. In order to solve this trouble, a novel pile structure into which leaching liquid is laterally injected is proposed for heap leaching of rare earth. In this study, a laboratory test is carried out to study the formation and distribution of preferential flow paths for the rare earth pile under a horizontal liquid injection condition. Furthermore, numerical simulations based on a dual-permeability model are conducted to investigate the influence of the preferential flow paths on the seepage characteristics in the rare earth pile. The results show that, under the horizontal liquid injection condition, the fine particles of the rare earth move away from the liquid injection end and also toward the lower part of the pile. The migration of the fine particles results in the formation and connection of macropore, thereby generating preferential flow paths in the rare earth pile. The preferential flow paths are mainly distributed in the lower part of the pile near the liquid injection end. This causes the fluid in the lower part of the pile to seep faster significantly than that in the upper part. Within the region where the preferential flow paths develop, the seepage in the early stage of the horizontal liquid injection is dominated by preferential flow. The preferential flow is more significant at the locations farther away from the liquid injection end.

Minerals ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 11 (11) ◽  
pp. 1251
Ziyuan Liu ◽  
Jue Kou ◽  
Yi Xing ◽  
Chunbao Sun ◽  
Peng Liu ◽  

The issue of poor aeration efficiency and low oxygen transfer in the heap leaching of gold has gained considerable attention. In this study, ozone ice was studied as an oxygen release reagent in the cyanide heap leaching of gold at a low temperature of approximately 5 °C, owing to its effective oxidation and clean and green properties. Quartz Crystal Microbalance with Dissipation (QCM-D) was used to monitor the effect of different ratios of cyanide and oxygen concentrations on the gold leaching rate. The results showed that the leaching rate doubled when the dissolved oxygen (DO) was increased from 8.2 mg/L to 12 mg/L at a relatively high cyanide concentration of 60 mg/L. The release of oxygen during the process of ozone ice melting was analyzed by simulating the oxygen-deficient condition of the ore heap in column leaching. In the first stage of ice melting, the DO in the solution increased dramatically, and the rate of increase improved with increased initial ozone concentration in the ice. In the second stage of ice melting, the rate of increase in the DO of the solution was not significantly affected by the initial ozone concentration in the ice; this was consistent with the decomposition rate of ozone. The addition of ozone ice containing 300 mg/L ozone increased the gold extraction by 4.1% in the ore column leaching experiment, compared to a column with no ozone ice. However, continuously increasing the ozone concentration up to 600 mg/L had no further significant effect, because the dissolved oxygen in the leaching solution reached saturation. The results facilitate a better understanding of the decomposition law of ozone in the melting process of ozone ice and help to improve the oxygen deficit state in gold leaching heaps.

Metals ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 11 (10) ◽  
pp. 1539
Norman Toro ◽  
Yousef Ghorbani ◽  
Mehmet Deniz Turan ◽  
Pedro Robles ◽  
Edelmira Gálvez

Heap leaching is a firm extractive metallurgical technology facilitating the economical processing of different kinds of low-grade ores that are otherwise not exploited. Nevertheless, regardless of much development since it was first used, the process advantages are restricted by low recoveries and long extraction times. It is becoming progressively clear that the selection of heap leaching as an appropriate technology to process a specific mineral resource that is both environmentally sound and economically feasible very much relies on having an ample understanding of the essential underlying mechanisms of the processes and how they interrelate with the specific mineralogy of the ore body under concern. This paper provides a critical overview of the role of gangues and clays minerals as rate-limiting factors in copper heap leaching operations. We aim to assess and deliver detailed descriptions and discussions on the relations between different gangues and clays minerals and their impacts on the operational parameters and chemical dynamics in the copper heap leaching processes.

Sign in / Sign up

Export Citation Format

Share Document