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Author(s):  
Lucas A. Johnson ◽  
Andrew Isaac Geller ◽  
Ellen Yard ◽  
Juan I. Ubiera

2022 ◽  
Vol 147 ◽  
pp. 105592
Author(s):  
Ioannis Adamopoulos ◽  
Demetris Lamnisos ◽  
Niki Syrou ◽  
George Boustras

2022 ◽  
Vol 13 ◽  
pp. 100525
Author(s):  
L. Brooke Keliikoa ◽  
Mika D. Thompson ◽  
Chris J. Johnson ◽  
Stephanie L. Cacal ◽  
Catherine M. Pirkle ◽  
...  

2023 ◽  
Vol 83 ◽  
Author(s):  
M. F. Nadeem ◽  
A. A. Khattak ◽  
N. Zeeshan ◽  
U. A. Awan ◽  
S. Alam ◽  
...  

Abstract Military conflicts have been significant obstacles in detecting and treating infectious disease diseases due to the diminished public health infrastructure, resulting in malaria endemicity. A variety of violent and destructive incidents were experienced by FATA (Federally Administered Tribal Areas). It was a struggle to pursue an epidemiological analysis due to continuing conflict and Talibanization. Clinical isolates were collected from Bajaur, Mohmand, Khyber, Orakzai agencies from May 2017 to May 2018. For Giemsa staining, full blood EDTA blood samples have been collected from symptomatic participants. Malaria-positive microscopy isolates were spotted on filter papers for future Plasmodial molecular detection by nested polymerase chain reaction (nPCR) of small subunit ribosomal ribonucleic acid (ssrRNA) genes specific primers. Since reconfirming the nPCR, a malariometric study of 762 patients found 679 positive malaria cases. Plasmodium vivax was 523 (77%), Plasmodium falciparum 121 (18%), 35 (5%) were with mixed-species infection (P. vivax plus P. falciparum), and 83 were declared negative by PCR. Among the five agencies of FATA, Khyber agency has the highest malaria incidence (19%) with followed by P. vivax (19%) and P. falciparum (4.1%). In contrast, Kurram has about (14%), including (10.8%) P. vivax and (2.7%) P. falciparum cases, the lowest malaria epidemiology. Surprisingly, no significant differences in the distribution of mixed-species infection among all five agencies. P. falciparum and P. vivax were two prevalent FATA malaria species in Pakistan’s war-torn area. To overcome this rising incidence of malaria, this study recommends that initiating malaria awareness campaigns in school should be supported by public health agencies and malaria-related education locally, targeting children and parents alike.


2023 ◽  
Vol 83 ◽  
Author(s):  
N. A. O. Sanches ◽  
D. A. Girolli ◽  
M. F. Lima ◽  
G. R. Gorni ◽  
J. J. Corbi

Abstract The aim of this paper was recording the occurrence of the species Lumbriculus variegatus (Müller, 1774) (Oligochaeta, Lumbriculidae) in lotic systems of the State of São Paulo. Specimens were collected in Sapucaí River, located in Campos do Jordão State Park. The mapping of geographical distribution of this species is of interest to public health since L. variegatus may be an intermediate host of Dioctophyme renale (Goeze, 1782) (Nematoda, Dioctophymatidae), a parasite of recognized zoonotic potential. Distribution data serves as a basis for environmental monitoring and evaluation, being essential to map possible cases of the disease (Dioctophimosis) and provide information to health professionals.


2022 ◽  
Vol 7 ◽  
pp. 100130
Author(s):  
Jennifer M. Dmetrichuk ◽  
Jeffrey S. Rosenthal ◽  
Julia Man ◽  
Mackenzie Cullip ◽  
Richard A. Wells

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