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Energy Policy ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 160 ◽  
pp. 112658
Marcello Avanzini ◽  
Manuel Duarte Pinheiro ◽  
Ricardo Gomes ◽  
Catarina Rolim

2021 ◽  
Vol 9 (10) ◽  
pp. 146-156
Shady Mohammad Raji Al-Hussayni ◽  
Sami Oudah Eid Al-Harbi ◽  
Omar Hassan Amer ◽  

Background: Cutaneous leishmaniosis (CL) is a major tropical infection of public health importance. It is caused by a group of protozoanintracellular parasites.Coinfected individuals with Leishmania-HIV have high risk of having a complete clinical illness and high recurrence rates and mortality. Antiretroviral therapy lowers disease onset, delays relapse, and boosts coinfected patients survival. In Brazil, Ethiopia and the Bihar region in India, high Leishmania-HIV coinfections are recorded.CL is considered as a distinct public health hazard due to the catastrophic effects on the patient. With an estimated yearly average rate of 321,300 cases, in the Middle East and throughout central Asia, CL is endemic. Among the countries of this region, Saudi Arabia has reported an estimated incidence between 9600 and 15,800 cases per year as the fourth endemic focus on zoonotic CL in Afghanistan, Iran and Pakistan. Objective: our present retrospective investigation aims to describe the epidemiology profile of CL in Madinah province. Methods: Human data were collected from the dermatology service of AL-Meqat Hospital. Results: A total of 203 cases of CL confirmed were examined. The seasonal distribution of the phlebotomine fly is followed by cutaneous leishmaniasis. Non-Saudi patients are reported to be more infected with CL (145) than Saudi individuals (58). Conclusion: This study indicates that CL is endemic in Al-Madinah Almonawarah region.CL is a major health problem occur in variable clinical forms.

2022 ◽  
Anoma Veere ◽  
Florian Schneider ◽  
Catherine Lo

Every nation in Asia has dealt with COVID-19 differently and with varying levels of success in the absence of clear and effective leadership from the WHO. As a result, the WHO’s role in Asia as a global health organization is coming under increasing pressure. As its credibility is slowly being eroded by public displays of incompetence and negligence, it has also become an arena of contestation. Moreover, while the pandemic continues to undermine the future of global health governance as a whole, the highly interdependent economies in Asia have exposed the speed with which pandemics can spread, as intensive regional travel and business connections have caused every area in the region to be hit hard. The migrant labor necessary to sustain globalized economies has been strained and the security of international workers is now more precarious than ever, as millions have been left stranded, seen their entry blocked, or have limited access to health services. This volume provides an accessible framework for the understanding the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic in Asia, with a specific emphasis on global governance in health and labor.

2021 ◽  
Vol 8 (11) ◽  
pp. 64-70
Kalashnikova et al. ◽  

The positive impact of the introduction of labor protection standards (OH&S) in the organization is recognized by governments, employers, and workers. However, knowledge of its effective use in small and medium-sized enterprises is still limited. This case study aims to provide a better understanding of how the implementation of integrated management systems (IMS) affects the improvement of the risk management process in the field of occupational safety in medium-sized businesses. Particular attention was paid to employee awareness of the effectiveness of risk management. The study was conducted in companies working in the field of solid waste management, certified in 2009 with IMS for quality–environment, health, and safety. The development of accidents before and after the introduction of IMS was analyzed, and Internet resources were used to describe the perception. Finally, it has been demonstrated that there has been an improvement in the accounting for accidents at work and that IMS has brought more involvement to risk management activities, but their participation has not yet been reached the desired level.

2021 ◽  
Vol 21 (1) ◽  
Wolfgang Boedeker ◽  
Meriel Watts ◽  
Peter Clausing ◽  
Emily Marquez

AbstractIn a correspondence to BMC Public Health, Dunn et al. (Dunn SE, Reed J and Neumann C. BMC Public Health (n.d)) respond to our review on the occurrence of unintentional, acute pesticide poisoning (UAPP). Based on a systematic review and further data sources we estimated that about 385 million cases of UAPP occur annually world-wide including around 11,000 fatalities (Boedeker W. et al. BMC Public Health:1875, 2020).

2021 ◽  
Vol 17 (1) ◽  
pp. 186-192
Hanaa S Kadhum ◽  
Mahdi M Thuwaini

The prevalence of obesity was worldwide increase in the last 60 years. Obesity represented one of the public health problems, it markedly increased the incidence of many diseases: fatty liver, type 2 diabetes, hypertension, ischemic heart diseases, sleep apnea, osteoporosis, dementia, tumors and many other disorders. Recent reviews showed that many medicinal plants possesses anti-obesity effect. In the current review, PubMed, Web Science, Science Direct, Research gate, and Scopus were searched to verify the hypolipidemic and anti-obesity activities of Morus alba.

2021 ◽  
pp. 216769682110514
Jerica M. Berge ◽  
Nicole Larson ◽  
Dianne Neumark-Sztainer

The aim of this study is to identify the prevalence, predictors, and psychosocial well-being (depressive symptoms, stress) and weight-related behavior (eating behaviors, physical activity, and sedentary behavior) correlates of social distancing during COVID-19 among emerging adults. A rapid-response survey was sent to participants ( n=720; mean age=24.7 ± 2.0 years, 62% female) in a population-based cohort study in Minnesota during April–October 2020. Half of emerging adults reported fully social distancing. Emerging adults from White backgrounds were least likely to social distance while those from Asian backgrounds were most likely to social distance, in addition to those living with a parent. Females who partially/did not social distance reported less healthy eating behaviors, while males and “essential workers” reported higher levels of psychosocial distress. Public health messaging and practical supports for social distancing may need to be made more relevant to emerging adults during public health crises. Resources may need to differ depending on sex of emerging adult.

2021 ◽  
Vol Publish Ahead of Print ◽  
Dominikus David Biondi Situmorang ◽  
Caroline Lisa Setia Wati ◽  
Henny Christine Mamahit ◽  
Yohanes Markus Papu ◽  
Ifdil Ifdil

2021 ◽  
pp. 2764-2772
Hanan S. Khalefa ◽  
Zeinab S. Ahmed ◽  
Fatma Abdel-Kader ◽  
Eman M. Ismail ◽  
Esraa A. Elshafiee

Background and Aim: Salmonella causes most foodborne bacterial illnesses worldwide. It is found in various hosts, including pets, farm animals, and wild animals, as well as the environment. This study aimed to examine the epidemiological relationship between Salmonella isolates from aquatic environments and those from other avian hosts. Materials and Methods: The study examined 12 water samples, 210 aquatic animals, and 45 migratory aquatic bird samples collected from the protected area of Lake Qarun in El-Fayoum Governorate, Egypt, during migration seasons from different waterfowl migration areas (from October 2018 to January 2019). In addition, 45 fecal samples from domestic chickens were collected from the same geographic location from poultry farms. Bacteriological examination and polymerase chain reaction assay of two virulence genes (i.e., invA and stn) were performed to isolate and identify Salmonella. Results: Salmonella was isolated from 58.3% (7/12) of Lake Qarun water samples, 13.3% (6/45) of migratory waterfowl, 6.6% of (3/45) of chickens (Gallus gallus domesticus), and 4.3% (3/70) of fish and pooled brine shrimp. In migratory aquatic bird species that were sampled, Salmonella were isolated from 23.1% (3/13) of Eurasian coot (Fulica atra), 12.5%, (1/8) of green-winged teal (Anas cardolinesis), 10% (2/20) of northern shoveler (Spatula clypeata), and 0% (0/4) of mallard duck (Anas platyrhynchos). In 35 Tilapia, Salmonella was isolated by (8.6%) 5.7% of external surfaces, 2.85% from the intestine, and 0% from the muscle. No Salmonella was isolated from the 175 brine shrimp samples. Phylogenetic analysis using the stn genes of Salmonella isolated from the aquatic environment, migratory aquatic birds, and chicken showed a strong association between these isolates. In addition, a higher nucleotide identity percentage was observed between the sequences recovered from migratory aquatic birds and Lake Qarun water samples. Conclusion: Salmonella distribution was confirmed through migratory aquatic birds, based on our phylogeny tree analysis, Salmonella considered a likely carrier of zoonotic bacterial pathogens. Furthermore, the close relationship between chicken and fish sequences highlights the scenarios of using chicken manure in fish farms and its public health implications. The presence of Salmonella in different environmental sources spotlights the urgent need to control and break down its epidemiological cycle.

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