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2022 ◽  
Vol 42 (1) ◽  
pp. 207-221
Author(s):  
JOÃO VILLAVERDE ◽  
JOSÉ MARCIO REGO
Keyword(s):  

RESUMO Este artigo reflete a trajetória de Fernão Bracher à luz dos avanços institucionais na administração pública brasileira a partir da redemocratização de 1985. Descendente de família tradicional em São Paulo, Bracher vai canalizar seu espírito público e seu nacionalismo econômico em três oportunidades, notadamente a partir da superação do regime militar, quando preside o Banco Central do Brasil e depois se torna, a convite do amigo e ministro Luiz Carlos Bresser-Pereira, o negociador brasileiro da dívida externa. Menos teórico que Bresser, mas tão pragmático quanto ele, Bracher compartilhava a imensa curiosidade intelectual do amigo, tendo auxiliado na troca de reflexões entre os diferentes economistas envolvidos com a teoria da inflação inercial. Homem de ação, no setor privado e no setor público, Bracher tem trajetória que ilumina a superação de dificuldades presentes na política econômica nacional.


2022 ◽  
Author(s):  
FRANCISCO CARLOS PALETTA ◽  
VICTOR F. A. BARROS
Keyword(s):  

A inovação contínua nos vários setores de atividades exige dos profissionais competências cada vez mais aprofundadas no que compete às Tecnologias de Informação e Comunicação (TICs). Neste sentido, a inovação contínua na formação deste profissional exige práticas pedagógicas modernas e alinhadas com as tendências da era digital. Desta forma, partimos do pressuposto que as demandas por novas competências e habilidades em um mercado de trabalho global em transformação promove uma melhoria contínua no desempenho dos alunos, oferecendo-lhes novas oportunidades de aplicação do conhecimento adquirido ao longo das disciplinas ofertadas. Neste sentido, a partir da colaboração internacional entre a Universidade de São Paulo - Brasil, e a Universidade do Minho - Portugal, este artigo apresenta projeto piloto de aplicação de prática pedagógica em duas disciplinas relacionadas com inovação e formação do profissional para as organizações em duas Instituições de Ensino Superior: a Universidade de São Paulo (USP), no Brasil e a Universidade do Minho (UMINHO), em Portugal. Com esta ação, objetivamos criar uma nova metodologia de ensino que permitirá aplicação dos conceitos teóricos discutidos nestas disciplinas em um conjunto de projetos práticos que visa apoiar a formação-prática nos futuros domínios de intervenção destes alunos para o mercado de trabalho frente aos desafios impostos pela transformação 4.0.


Author(s):  
Carolina Mendes Rocha ◽  
Arlen Mabel Lastre-Acosta ◽  
Marcela Prado Silva Parizi ◽  
Antonio Carlos Silva Costa Teixeira

PLoS ONE ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 17 (1) ◽  
pp. e0261958
Author(s):  
Farid Samaan ◽  
Elisa Carneiro de Paula ◽  
Fabrizzio Batista Guimarães de Lima Souza ◽  
Luiz Fernando Cardoso Mendes ◽  
Paula Regina Gan Rossi ◽  
...  

Introduction Multicenter studies involving patients with acute kidney injury (AKI) associated with the disease caused by the new coronavirus (COVID-19) and treated with renal replacement therapy (RRT) in developing countries are scarce. The objectives of this study were to evaluate the demographic profile, clinical picture, risk factors for mortality, and outcomes of critically ill patients with AKI requiring dialysis (AKI-RRT) and with COVID-19 in the megalopolis of São Paulo, Brazil. Methods This multicenter, retrospective, observational study was conducted in the intensive care units of 13 public and private hospitals in the metropolitan region of the municipality of São Paulo. Patients hospitalized in an intensive care unit, aged ≥ 18 years, and treated with RRT due to COVID-19-associated AKI were included. Results The study group consisted of 375 patients (age 64.1 years, 68.8% male). Most (62.1%) had two or more comorbidities: 68.8%, arterial hypertension; 45.3%, diabetes; 36.3%, anemia; 30.9%, obesity; 18.7%, chronic kidney disease; 15.7%, coronary artery disease; 10.4%, heart failure; and 8.5%, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Death occurred in 72.5% of the study population (272 patients). Among the 103 survivors, 22.3% (23 patients) were discharged on RRT. In a multiple regression analysis, the independent factors associated with death were the number of organ dysfunctions at admission and RRT efficiency. Conclusion AKI-RRT associated with COVID-19 occurred in patients with an elevated burden of comorbidities and was associated with high mortality (72.5%). The number of organ dysfunctions during hospitalization and RRT efficiency were independent factors associated with mortality. A meaningful portion of survivors was discharged while dependent on RRT (22.3%).


2022 ◽  
Vol 3 ◽  
Author(s):  
Luciana Travassos ◽  
Sandra Momm

The paper aims to discuss the sociotechnical transitions regarding urban rivers policy in São Paulo Municipality by focusing on programs and projects conducted since 2000. Accordingly, we use a theoretical reflection on sociotechnical transitions and just transitions in interventions related to water and cities. Our work is based on a documental analysis of programs and projects for urban rivers in the municipality conducted via theoretical discussion. The primary focus is on the current sociotechnical regime, the channeling of streams and construction of road systems on its banks, and disputes and pressures brought by the technological landscape and niches, which lead to the construction of linear parks and leisure areas along with the bodies of water. It also shows how the issue of justice has been losing ground in this transition, which although is “in the making,” already presents many factors of injustice. This is due to the low presence of the theme of precarious settlements, in innovative speeches and practices, and the different treatment given by the programs and projects for rivers in the consolidated middle- and upper-class regions and for those located on the peripheries.


2022 ◽  
Vol 13 (2) ◽  
pp. 12-18
Author(s):  
Giovanna Scudeler Lima Ramos ◽  
Giovana Mota Marques da Silva

Mental and behavioral disorders are influenced by a combination of factors that affect an individual's emotional balance and affect people of all ages, sex and social classes, although each group has its specificities. The present study aims to determine the prevalence of hospitalizations caused by Mental and Behavioral Disorders (CMD), considering an age group, gender and an ICD-10 morbidity list in the State of São Paulo between the years 2017 to 2020. This research was an ecological study on the prevalence of cases of mental and commercial disorders in the State of São Paulo. Data were collected on the DATASUS platform, where the number of admissions according to gender, age and ICD-10 morbidity list in the 2017-2020 period were surveyed. The results obtained revealed a growing increase in CMD cases in the state, especially from 2018 to 2019 with a subsequent fall in 2020, with, from 2017 to 2020, approximately 58.81% prevalence of CMD in sex and approximately 41.19% prevalence in sex female, mainly affecting people aged 30 to 39 years, higher prevalence of mood in females (67.18%) and CMD due to alcohol use in females (87.89%). It is concluded that amidst the pandemic against COVID-19, several patients considered without a diagnosis of Mental and Behavioral Disorders, because of this, it is possible that after the pandemic there are a greater number than expected of patients with more advanced conditions due to the absence of an early diagnosis.


PLoS ONE ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 17 (1) ◽  
pp. e0262473
Author(s):  
Arlindo Ananias Pereira da Silva ◽  
Adriano Roberto Franquelino ◽  
Paulo Eduardo Teodoro ◽  
Rafael Montanari ◽  
Glaucia Amorim Faria ◽  
...  

Several studies have reported the relationship of deforestation with increased incidence of infectious diseases, mainly due to the deregulation caused in these environments. The purpose of this study was to answer the following questions: a) is increased loss of vegetation related to dengue cases in the Brazilian Cerrado? b) how do different regions of the tropical savanna biome present distinct patterns for total dengue cases and vegetation loss? c) what is the projection of a future scenario of deforestation and an increased number of dengue cases in 2030? Thus, this study aimed to assess the relationship between loss of native vegetation in the Cerrado and dengue infection. In this paper, we quantify the entire deforested area and dengue infection cases from 2001 to 2019. For data analyses, we used Poisson generalized linear model, descriptive statistics, cluster analysis, non-parametric statistics, and autoregressive integrated moving average (ARIMA) models to predict loss of vegetation and fever dengue cases for the next decade. Cluster analysis revealed the formation of four clusters among the states. Our results showed significant increases in loss of native vegetation in all states, with the exception of Piauí. As for dengue cases, there were increases in the states of Minas Gerais, São Paulo, and Mato Grosso. Based on projections for 2030, Minas Gerais will register about 4,000 dengue cases per 100,000 inhabitants, São Paulo 750 dengue cases per 100,000 inhabitants, and Mato Grosso 500 dengue cases per 100,000 inhabitants. To reduce these projections, Brazil will need to control deforestation and implement public health, environmental and social policies, requiring a joint effort from all spheres of society.


2022 ◽  
Vol 11 (1) ◽  
pp. e47811125215
Author(s):  
Janayna Arruda Barroso ◽  
Alexandre Wállace Ramos Pereira ◽  
Renato Emanuel Gomes da Silva ◽  
Luís Paulo Bresciani ◽  
Leandro Campi Prearo

Este artigo avalia as correlações existentes ou inexistentes entre os gastos públicos das funções de governo (Educação, Saúde e Trabalho) de cidades paulistas e os resultados do Índice FIRJAN de Desenvolvimento Municipal (IFDM), utilizando a técnica estatística de análise descriminante, a fim de verificar a influência das variáveis numéricas (despesas públicas) sobre uma variável categorizada (IFDM Geral), envolvendo testes estatísticos, por meio do software SPSS (Statistical Package for the Social Sciences). Essencialmente, consistiu em coletar informações no banco de dados das Finanças dos Municípios do Brasil (FINBRA) a respeito dos gastos públicos realizados nos períodos de 2013 a 2016(últimos dados divulgados no FINBRA) em607 municípios pesquisados nas três funções de governo mencionadas. Adicionalmente, foram coletadas informações sobre a população de cada localidade junto ao Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística (IBGE), bem como os resultados do IFDM de cada município, também nos anos especificados acima, na base de dados da Federação das Indústrias do Rio de Janeiro (FIRJAN). Os resultados apontaram a inexistência de correlação entre os gastos das funções de governo Educação e Saúde e o IFDM, sendo somente a variável Despesa – Educação significante para o modelo, ou seja, somente ela possui impacto na classificação. Sugere-se para pesquisas futuras que seja realizado uma análise discriminante do IFDM, separando os índices por suas dimensões, relacionando-se com as funções de governo em separado.


2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (1) ◽  
Author(s):  
Joelma Alexandra Ruberti Medeiros ◽  
Mellina Yamamura ◽  
Zilda Pereira da Silva ◽  
Carmen Silvia Bruniera Domingues ◽  
Eliseu Alves Waldman ◽  
...  

AbstractWe aimed to estimate the occurrence of syphilis in pregnant women (SPW) and congenital syphilis (CS) in the municipalities of the state of São Paulo (SP) and evaluate their relationship with socioeconomic, demographic, and health care variables. We developed an ecological study based on secondary data of SPW and CS with spatiotemporal components from 645 municipalities in SP including data from 2007 to 2018. We modeled the data in a Bayesian context, considered spatial and temporal random effects, and used binomial negative probability distributions. We found a continuous increase in the relative temporal risk of SPW, from 2007 to 2018, and CS, from 2007 to 2017, when their incidences increased by 8.6 and 6.6 times, respectively. This increase occurred en bloc in practically all municipalities of SP. The increase in SPW was associated with teenage pregnancy, municipalities with a large number of inhabitants, and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) incidence. The increase in CS was associated with municipalities with a large number of inhabitants, incomplete antenatal care, and AIDS incidence. Although actions to control these diseases are required in all municipalities of SP, the identification of high-risk areas points to priority regions for development.


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