drug control
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2021 ◽  
Vol 2021 (4) ◽  
pp. 45-53
Aleksandr Litvinenko ◽  
Renat Totoev

Today in the context of a difficult situation related to the distribution and use of drugs, there is a need to review the practical application of preventive measures in the anti-drug sphere. The separation of departments and the ineffectiveness of the impact on the situation with narcotic drugs from the executive authorities require the improvement of joint activities. The authors show that the coordination of forms of interdepartmental interaction contributes to the targeted fight against illicit drug trafficking and their use. The article analyzes the forms of interdepartmental interaction in the field of drug control and suggests ways to improve them. For this purpose, based on the experience of different regions in interdepartmental cooperation in the fight against drugs, the main forms and priority areas of such interaction were studied.

2021 ◽  
pp. 183-210
Heini Kainulainen ◽  
Pekka Hakkarainen

The drug policy in Finland is described as a paradox. Finland has after the Second World War actively worked for reducing the prison population to the general Nordic and West-European level. While these efforts were successful, the drug policy however developed in the opposite direction.

2021 ◽  
Vol 18 (1) ◽  
Colleen Daniels ◽  
Aggrey Aluso ◽  
Naomi Burke-Shyne ◽  
Kojo Koram ◽  
Suchitra Rajagopalan ◽  

AbstractThis paper reviews evidence of how drug control has been used to uphold colonial power structures in select countries. It demonstrates the racist and xenophobic impact of drug control policy and proposes a path to move beyond oppressive systems and structures. The ‘colonization of drug control’ refers to the use of drug control by states in Europe and America to advance and sustain the systematic exploitation of people, land and resources and the racialized hierarchies, which were established under colonial control and continue to dominate today. Globally, Black, Brown and Indigenous peoples are disproportionately targeted for drug law enforcement and face discrimination across the criminal system. These communities face higher arrest, prosecution and incarceration rates for drug offenses than other communities, such as majority populations, despite similar rates of drug use and selling among (and between) different races. Current drug policies have contributed to an increase in drug-related deaths, overdoses and sustained transnational criminal enterprises at the expense of the lives of people who use drugs, their families and greater society. This review provides further evidence of the need to reform the current system. It outlines a three-pillared approach to rebuilding drug policy in a way that supports health, dignity and human rights, consisting of: (1) the decriminalization of drugs and their use; (2) an end to the mass incarceration of people who use drugs; (3) the redirection of funding away from ineffective and punitive drug control and toward health and social programs.

2021 ◽  
John Collins

Where did the regulatory underpinnings for the global drug wars come from? This book is the first fully-focused history of the 1961 UN Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs, the bedrock of the modern multilateral drug control system and the focal point of global drug regulations and prohibitions. Although far from the propagator of the drug wars, the UN enabled the creation of a uniform global legal framework to effectively legalise, or regulate, their pursuit. This book thereby answers the question of where the international legal framework for drug control came from, what state interests informed its development and how complex diplomatic negotiations resulted in the current regulatory system, binding states into an element of global policy uniformity.

2021 ◽  
Vol 3 (4) ◽  
pp. 130-139
Nova Liani Munthe

Consumer protection is a matter of human interest, therefore it is a hope for nations in the world to be realized. Thus the importance of the issue of Consumer Protection in Indonesia, then issued a statutory regulation, namely Law no. 8 of 1999 concerning the Consumer Protection Act (known as UUPK). Especially Consumer Protection in the Health Sector which is something that is really needed by consumers in obtaining drug products circulating in the community, where the circulating drug products have been supervised by an agency that can be responsible for drug control. The Food and Drug Supervisory Agency (BPOM) is an agency appointed by the government in conducting drug control, The problems that will be discussed are first, how is the function of BPOM in Consumer Legal Protection. Second, how is consumer protection against the use of hard drugs. Third, what legal remedies can be taken by consumers as a result of losses in the use of strong drugs. The author obtains data and materials regarding the problems discussed, the author conducts Library Research, namely obtaining materials through reading sources or written materials as data of a scientific theoretical nature or secondary data. The author also conducts empirical research, namely obtaining data directly and conducting studies based on facts that occur in the field. Finally, conclusions were obtained, among others, first, the function of the Supervisory Board Drug and Food (BPOM) is to carry out control and supervision in the field of medicine and food. BPOM became aNon-Departmental Institution (LPND). Second, the role of the government is very necessary, namely by making a policy regarding food (food) which is carried out in an effort to control, supervise, develop and educate consumers and business actors. And invites consumers to think smart in consuming and using drugs, so that they are in accordance with the dose recommended by the doctor so they don't buy in any place. Third, legal remedies that can be taken by consumers are litigation or non-litigation, where non-litigation methods can be through the Dispute Resolution Agency (BPSK).

Scarlet Robertson

Transnational policing is an increasingly important issue in today’s globalised world. Transnational crime is an expanding industry and when crime crosses borders, cooperation between states is key. Arguably, this is most important in illegal drug trafficking, a crime of high concern to many states which almost always involves multiple countries. To this end, the UN Drug Control Conventions, introduced to tackle drug trafficking across the world, contain a number of provisions regarding law enforcement cooperation. This piece, by examining legal instruments and existing literature, will explore the role of the conventions regarding cooperation in policing the transnational trafficking of illicit drugs with a particular focus on the US, a major player in the field. Law enforcement cooperation between states existed for many years without international law obligations, however, it was often plagued by political and cultural differences and suffered when international relations were tense. By implementing obligations within the UN conventions, existing practices were codified into international law, meaning that cooperation should be a smoother, and legally-backed, process regardless of the political situation. This piece argues that, although the UN International Drug Control Conventions may not have added completely novel principles or practices to transnational law enforcement, they remain an important tool in facilitating transnational police cooperation and have made a valuable contribution to jurisprudence on the subject.

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