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2021 ◽  
Vol ahead-of-print (ahead-of-print) ◽  
Ann T.W. Yu ◽  
Kelvin S.H. Mok ◽  
Irene Wong

PurposeThe capacity of landfills will reach saturation in the 2020s. There are more than 50,000 buildings in Hong Kong over 30 years old and which may require extensive refurbishment under the Mandatory Building Scheme. Additionally, most new owners/tenants tend to renovate their premises before moving in. Hence, there is an urgent need in Hong Kong, to explore strategies and measures to enable the development of effective refurbishment and renovation (R&R) waste management for such projects. The objectives of this paper are to investigate the process of R&R for identifying the perceived barriers and thereby the strategies for minimisation and management of R&R waste in Hong Kong.Design/methodology/approachDesktop study, semi-structured interviews, site observations and document reviews were used as the data collection methods to achieve the objectives of this research. Considering the nature and characteristics of the industry structure, the snowball sampling process was deployed for data collection. Thematic analysis and content analysis were used for data analysis. Waste minimisation and management strategies for R&R projects were then discussed and developed by the research team and a focus group meeting was held to validate the research findings. Six strategies were then proposed to the government.FindingsR&R projects contribute 10–20% of the construction and demolition waste. The barriers to recycling of R&R waste can be grouped into six major categories: (1) lack of sorting and storage spaces, (2) high cost, (3) insufficient government supporting policy, (4) complicated recycling processes, (5) immature recycling market and (6) insufficient public education. Also, six strategies are proposed in this study, which include (1) pre-refurbishment audit, (2) development of recycling market, (3) sea reclamation, (4) incineration, (5) government support and (6) education and research.Originality/valueThe strategies and measures proposed in this research could most adequately serve as reference for the government officials, building professionals and academic researchers. Such knowledge would make possible the development of effective strategies and measures for minimising and managing R&R waste.

2021 ◽  
Ateş Altınordu

Abstract Religion was a major pillar in the government’s pandemic management and featured centrally in a string of public controversies in the course of the coronavirus crisis in Turkey. This article analyzes the role of Islam in the political and social responses to the COVID-19 pandemic in Turkey, with a focus on four dimensions: (1) religion as a tool of governance, (2) the regulation of collective religious practices, (3) religious interpretations of the pandemic, and (4) predictions about the future impact of the coronavirus crisis on religion. Based on this analysis, the study concludes that the salience and political function of religion in the course of pandemics are contingent upon the place of religious mobilization in the political repertoire of the ruling party and the balance of power between the government and the religious field, respectively. The government's extensive instrumentalization of religion in pandemic management, on the other hand, is likely to give rise to a political backlash against organized religion.

Significance The budget was subsequently presented to parliament for discussion on October 18. The 2022 budget was increased to USD27bn, up from USD25.4bn in 2021. Akhannouch’s Five Year Plan is expansive and comes against a backdrop of renewed projected economic growth for 2022. Impacts COVID-19 will complicate the revival of Morocco’s tourism industry, a large and quick source of hard currency. The government has publicised the social welfare components of the plan, but it is unlikely to have the capacity to implement them. Disparity between the human capital of urban centres such as Rabat and Casablanca and the hinterland will impede wide reforms.

2021 ◽  
Vol 9 (4) ◽  
pp. 62-72
Rashid Gabdulhakov

Amid the intensification of state control over the digital domain in Russia, what types of online activism are tolerated or even endorsed by the government and why? While entities such as the Anti-Corruption Foundation exposing the state are silenced through various tactics such as content blocking and removal, labelling the foundation a “foreign agent,” and deeming it “extremist,” other formations of citizens using digital media to expose “offences” performed by fellow citizens are operating freely. This article focuses on a vigilante group targeting “unscrupulous” merchants (often ethnic minorities and labour migrants) for the alleged sale of expired produce—the Hrushi Protiv. Supported by the government, Hrushi Protiv participants survey grocery chain stores and open-air markets for expired produce, a practice that often escalates into violence, while the process is filmed and edited to be uploaded to YouTube. These videos constitute unique media products that entertain the audience, ensuring the longevity of punitive measures via public exposure and shaming. Relying on Litvinenko and Toepfl’s (2019) application of Toepfl’s (2020) “leadership-critical,” “policy-critical,” and “uncritical” publics theory in the context of Russia, this article proposes a new category to describe state-approved digital vigilantes—citizen-critical publics. A collaboration with such publics allows the state to demonstrate a façade of civil society activism amid its silencing; while state-approved participants gain financial rewards and fame. Through Foucauldian discourse analysis, the article reveals that vulnerable groups such as labour migrants and ethnic minorities could fall victim to the side effects of this collaboration.

2021 ◽  
Vol 6 (2) ◽  
pp. 81-101
Diah Pudjiastuti ◽  
Yuniar Rahmatiar ◽  
Deny Guntara

Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui apa yang menjadi kendala pemerintahdalam pengelolaan limbah medis Covid-19 melalui kearifan local dan untuk mengetahuiupaya-upaya apa saja yang harus dilakukan oleh pemerintah dalam rangka pengelolaanlimbah medis Covid 19 melalui kaerifan local. metode studi literatur dengan menelaahsumber-sumber referensi sebagai data sekunder tentang kearifan local dalam pengelolaanlimbah medis Covid 19. Hasil penelitian menunjukan bahwa di lapanagan masih terdapatkendala dalam pengelolaan limbah medis COVID-19 melalui kearifan local. Berdasarkanhal tersebut maka harus ada upaya yang harus dilakukan oleh pemerintah dalam rangkapengelolaan limbah medis COVID-19 yaitu mengakomodirnya dalam peraturan daerah danmelakukan penyuluhan, serta adanya peran subervisi dalam meningkatkan peran sertamasyarakat dalam rangka pengelolaan limbah medis COVID-19 melalui kearifan lokal Kata Kunci : Limbah Medis, Covid 19, Kearifan Lokal The purpose of this study is to find out what are the government's obstacles in managingCovid-19 medical waste through local wisdom and to find out what ef orts the governmentmust make in the context of managing Covid-19 medical waste through local wisdom. method of literature study by examining reference sources as secondary data on localwisdom in the management of Covid 19 medical waste. The results show that in the fieldthere are still obstacles in the management of COVID-19 medical waste through localwisdom. Based on this, ef orts must be made by the government in the context of managingCOVID-19 medical waste, namely accommodating it in regional regulations andconducting counseling, as well as the role of supervision in increasing communityparticipation in the management of COVID-19 medical waste through localwisdom. Keywords: Legal protection; Traditional Knowledge; Copyrights

2021 ◽  
Vol 6 (2) ◽  
pp. 46-58
Anwar Hidayat ◽  

Perkembangan pandemi Covid-19 saat ini sangat mengkhawatirkan dimana terjadinya suatupeningkatan kasus corona khusus di Indonesia. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahuidan menganalisis kebijakan yang diambil pemerintah dalam penanganan pandemi Covid-19serta langkah-langkah yang diambil pemerintah untuk menganggulangi dampak-dampak, terutama dampak dari segi ekonomi dan sosial akibat pandemi Covid-19. Metode penelitianhukum yang digunakan yakni metode penelitian hukum normatif. Adapun pendekatan yangdigunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah pendekatan perundang-undangan dan pendekatankonseptual. Penelitian ini berlandaskan pengaturan perundang-undangan yang mengaturmengenai penanganan dan penganggulangan pandemi Covid-19 serta analisis atas konseppenetapan peraturan perundang-undangan tersebut. Hasil dari penelitian ini adalah dalamrangka penanganan Covid-19, berawal dari pemerintah tmengeluarkan kebijakan tentangPembatasan Sosial Berskala Besar yang merujuk pada Undang-Undang Nomor 6 Tahun2018 tentang Kekarantinaan Kesehatan. Peraturan pelaksanaannya yaitu PeraturanPemerintah Nomor 21 Tahun 2020 tentang Pembatasan Sosial Berskala Besar, sertaKeputusan Presiden tentang Kedaruratan Kesehatan sampai dengan saat ini pemerintah telahmengeluarkan kebijakan PPKM yang dimana dilakukan secara berkala. Untukmenganggulangi dampak Covid-19 dari segi ekonomi dan sosial pemerintah mengambilbeberapa kebijakan-kebijakan, yang diantaranya adalah: Peraturan Menteri KeuanganRepublik Indonesia Nomor 23/Pmk.03/2020 tentang Insentif Pajak Untuk WajibPajakTerdampak Wabah Virus Corona; Peraturan Otoritas Jasa Keuangan Republik Indonesia Kata Kunci : Kebijakan, Penanganan, Covid-19 The current development of the Covid-19 pandemic is very worrying where there is anincrease in special corona cases in Indonesia. This study aims to identify and analyze thepolicies taken by the government in handling the Covid-19 pandemic and the steps taken bythe government to mitigate the impacts, especially the economic and social impacts of theCovid-19 pandemic. The legal research method used is the normative legal research method. The approach used in this research is a statutory approach and a conceptual approach. Thisresearch is based on the legislation governing the handling and handling of the Covid-19pandemic as well as an analysis of the concept of establishing these laws and regulations. The results of this study are in the context of handling Covid-19, starting with thegovernment issuing a policy on Large-Scale Social Restrictions which refers to Law Number6 of 2018 concerning Health Quarantine. The implementing regulations are GovernmentRegulation Number 21 of 2020 concerning Large-Scale Social Restrictions, as well as thePresidential Decree on Health Emergencies. Until now, the government has issued a PPKMpolicy which is carried out regularly. To address the economic and social impact of Covid- 19, the government has taken several policies, including: Regulation of the Minister ofFinance of the Republic of Indonesia Number 23/Pmk.03/2020 concerning Tax Incentives forTaxpayers Af ected by the Corona Virus Outbreak; Regulation of the Financial ServicesAuthority of the Republic of Indonesia Number 11 /Pojk.03/2020 concerning NationalEconomic Stimulus as a Countercyclical Policy for the Impact of the Spread of Corona VirusDisease2019; and Instruction of the President of the Republic of Indonesia Number 4 of2020 concerning Refocussing of Activities, Reallocation of Budgets, and Procurement ofGoods and Services in the Context of Accelerating Handling of Corona Virus Disease 2019(Covid-19). Keyword : Policy, Handling, Covid-19

2021 ◽  
Vol 6 (1) ◽  
pp. 176-198
Johanis Putratama Kamuri ◽  
Grace Mariany Toumeluk

Abstract. This paper aimed to determine the theological position of Christians towards the tradition of kawin tangkap (bride kidnapping or bridenapping) on Sumba Island. Kawin tangkap is a tradition of kidnapping woman to make her a bride. The tradition has become a social problem for the government and society, especially the Sumbanese women. Through hermeneutic approach, this research analyzes the tradition of kawin tangkap in Marapu’s perspective to determine the proper outlook of the church. The conceptual framework in the analysis was the concept of Christian marriage and the story of abducted wives in Judges 21. Through this analysis it was found that kawin tangkap is a tradition that opposes the Bible's teachings on marriage, a sign of spiritual decline, and the violence against women.Abstrak. Tulisan ini bertujuan menentukan sikap teologis orang Kristen terhadap tradisi kawin tangkap di Pulau Sumba. Kawin tangkap adalah tradisi penculikan perempuan untuk dijadikan isteri. Tradisi kawin tangkap menjadi masalah sosial yang meresahkan pemerintah dan masyarakat, khususnya kaum perempuan. Melalui pendekatan hermeneutis penelitian ini menganalisis tradisi kawin tangkap dalam perspektif Marapu untuk menentukan sikap gereja. Bingkai konseptual dalam analisis adalah konsep perkawinan dalam perspektif Kristen dan kisah penangkapan perempuan untuk dikawini dalam Hakim-hakim 21. Melaluinya ditemukan bahwa kawin tangkap adalah tradisi yang menentang ajaran Alkitab tentang perkawinan, tanda kemerosotan spiritual, dan merendahkan martabat perempuan.

2021 ◽  
Vol 3 (1) ◽  
pp. 23
Bernhard Ruben Fritz Sumigar

<p><em>The superiority of a country in defending its sovereignty and territorial integrity can no longer be directly measured by the amount of military infrastructure it has, however it should also be viewed from the aspect of a country’s ability to build a domestic defence industry that can be useful for meeting national and other countries’ needs. As an effort to develop the defence industry ecosystem in Indonesia, in 2020 the Government of the Republic of Indonesia and the Indonesian House of Representatives enacted Law No. 11 of 2020 on Job Creation (Job Creation Law), one of which regulates the opening of opportunities for the private sector to participate in the development of defence industry sector, thereby automatically changing previous arrangement in Law No. 16 of 2012 on Defence Industry. In this article, the author considers that the changes in the Job Creation Law provisions can bring four advantages to the improvement of the Indonesian defence industry in the future.</em></p>

2021 ◽  
Vol 6 (2) ◽  
pp. 1-23
Sartika Dewi ◽  
Deny Guntara ◽  
Dicky Indrawan

Penyalahgunaan narkotika sudah menjadi salah satu fenomena yang sangat meresahkan, terutama di kalangan remaja. Penyalahgunaan ini diatur dalam pasal 55 ayat (1) Undang- Undang Nomor 35 Tahun 2009 Tentang Narkotika menegaskan bahwa untuk membantupemerintah dalam menanggulanggi masalah dan bahaya penyalahgunaan Narkotika, penyalahgunaan dan peredaran gelap narkotika yang semakin tak terkendali membuat BadanNarkotika Nasional (BNN) membentuk Badan Narkotika Nasional Kabupaten, termasukBNN Kabupaten Karawang. BNN Kabupaten Karawang mempunyai tugas, fungsi, danwewenang yang sama dengan Badan Narkotika Nasional. Adapun permasalahan dalampenelitian ini tentang peran Badan Narkotika Nasional Kabupaten Karawang dalammengimplementasikan program pencegahan dan pemberantasan penyalahgunaan danperedaran gelap narkotika (P4GN) terhadap pelajar dan mahasiswa di Kabupaten Karawang, serta kendala-kendala yang di hadapi oleh Badan Narkotika Nasional Kabupaten Karawangterkait peran dalam mengimplementasikan program pencegahan dan pemberantasanpenyalahgunaan dan peredaran gelap narkotika (P4GN). Metode Penelitian menggunakanpendekatan Yuridis Empiris karena data yang digunakan adalah data Primer yang diperolehmelalui studi lapangan dan wawancara. Adapun hasil dari penelitian ini adalah BadanNarkotika Nasional Kabupaten Karawang dalam implementasi program pencegahanpemberantasan penyalahgunaan dan peredaran gelap narkotika (P4GN) di KabupatenKarawang, telah sesuai dengan Instruksi Presiden Nomor 6 Tahun 2018 Tentang RencanaAksi Nasional pencegahan pemberantasan penyalahgunaan dan peredaran gelap narkotikadan Prekursor Narkotika walaupun belum maksimal. Dalam pelaksanannya tersebut masihterdapat beberapa hambatan yakni keterbatasan personil dan keterbatasan anggaran  Kata Kunci : Narkotika, BNN, P4GN Narcotics emphasizing that to assist the government in dealing with the problems anddangers of Narcotics abuse, narcotics abuse and illicit traf icking which are increasinglyuncontrollable, the National Narcotics Agency (BNN) has formed a National NarcoticsAgency National Narcotics District, including BNN Karawang Regency. Karawang RegencyBNN has the same duties, functions and authorities as the National Narcotics Agency. Theproblem in this research is about the role of the Karawang Regency National NarcoticsAgency in implementing the program of prevention and eradication of narcotics abuse andillicit traf icking (P4GN) against students in the Karawang Regency, as well as theconstraints faced by the Karawang Regency National Narcotics Agency related to the role inimplement a program of prevention and eradication of narcotics abuse and illicit traf icking(P4GN). This research method uses the Empirical Juridical approach because the data usedare Primary data obtained through field studies and interviews. The results of this study arethe National Narcotics Agency of Karawang Regency in implementing the preventionprogram to eradicate abuse and illicit narcotics traf icking (P4GN) in Karawang Regency, in accordance with Presidential Instruction Number 6 of 2018 concerning the NationalAction Plan to prevent the eradication of abuse and illicit narcotics and precursors. Narcotics, although not optimal. In the implementation, there are still several obstacles, namely limited personnel and budget constraints and the wide coverage area of supervisionis not equal to the existing personnel of BNNK Karawang Keyword : Narcotics, BNN, P4GN

2021 ◽  
Vol 13 (21) ◽  
pp. 11666
Xiao Xuan ◽  
Khalid Khan ◽  
Chi-Wei Su ◽  
Adnan Khurshid

The pandemic causes social distancing and lockdown, which impedes consumer confidence and contracts the economy. Hence, this study analyzes the corona (COVID-19) impact on the airline industry revenues (ALR) and forecast by the vector autoregression (VAR) method. The results indicate that gross domestic product (GDP) and air cargo are the best predictors of ALR. The forecasting outcomes explore if ALR will decline and expect to back to pre-COVID-19 in 2023. Our results resemble both the V-shaped and U-shaped, which suggests slow gradual recovery with longer lockdown and border disclosure. The government can restore confidence building by providing economic stimulus packages and can encourage the airline to return to travel. Furthermore, softening the passenger rules concerning the refund of unflown ticket, reducing taxes, and reducing overflight taxes, all reduce the costs. Similarly, the mutually recognized global standards are crucial for effective execution, and any temporary measures taken by the government should have a clear exit strategy. The study major limitation includes the lack of relevant research and data availability.

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