The State
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2021 ◽  
Vol ahead-of-print (ahead-of-print) ◽  
Author(s):  
Vitória Silveira da Costa ◽  
Ariela da Silva Torres

PurposeIn Brazil, the city of Pelotas experienced an economic apex between the end of the nineteenth century and the beginning of the twentieth century, reflecting in the construction of several buildings. The aim of this article is to evaluate the state of degradation of the facades of the Old School of Agronomy Eliseu Maciel, using qualitative and quantitative indicators.Design/methodology/approachThe study was divided into visual and photographic survey, damage map and subsequent application of the Degradation Measurement Method (MMD) and the Element Performance Index (Ip). Taking into consideration the evaluation of the building: through historical research and survey of damages. Finally, the building was framed at a level of degradation.FindingsBy calculating the average damage between the methods – damage map, MMD and Ip – a more faithful representation of the damage was obtained, since the values become balanced. The results show the potential of the use of the methods in the analysis of pathological manifestations in facades.Originality/valueThe originality of this article refers to the use of methods for evaluation of historical buildings. The authors believe that the methods described applied jointly provide the results about the state of degradation through nondestructive and low-cost analyses. The methods of surveying damage to Brazilian heritage are a little researched area. This work will hopefully be engaged by academics and professionals to help establish and promote broad government interest and investments.


In theology, an intense emotional expression of love towards the God or the presiding deity (Ishtdev) is called devotion or bhakti. ShrimadBhagavatmentions nine types of devotion or navadha bhakti. Of these the ninth one is self-surrender (atmanivedan) which is to have undivided love for God. In this state the devotee’s soul so completely gets drenched in the love of God that even a moment’s forgetfulness is highly disturbing. In the state of absolute selfsurrender when the devotee incessantly remembers the God, that is the highest state of devotion, the parabhakti. The Gopisof Vrajhad attained this highest state of devotion. The devotion of Gopishas the feeling of the absolute selfsurrender. It was their absolute self- surrender to the God. The Gopibhav emerges out of the inner faith of the persevering devotee bhaktiyogiwho has totally identified with the true nature of the Supreme Lord through fervent and unwavering religious practices. Gopibhav is an experiment of love to possess Lord Shyam Sunder.


2021 ◽  
Vol 0 (0) ◽  
Author(s):  
Stephan Adolf ◽  
Wolfgang Nebel

Abstract Negative Bias Temperature Instability (NBTI) is one of the major transistor aging effects, possibly leading to timing failures during run-time of a system. Thus one is interested in predicting this effect during design time. In this work an Abstraction NBTI model is introduced reducing the state space of trap-based NBTI models using two abstraction parameters, applying a state transformation to incorporate variable stress conditions. This transformation is faster than traditional approaches. Currently the conversion into estimated threshold voltage damages is a very time consuming process.


2021 ◽  
Vol 27 (4) ◽  
pp. 577-602
Author(s):  
Beenash Jafri

Abstract What can narratives of suicide tell us about diasporic and Indigenous relationships to the white settler state? This article engages relational critique to examine trans/femme/bisexual South Asian Canadian filmmaker Vivek Shraya's short film I want to kill myself (2017) and queer Cree/Métis filmmaker Adam Garnet Jones's feature film Fire Song (2015). Both films challenge the spectacularity of suicide, effectively situating suicide on a continuum of “slow death.” However, the films also stage distinct relationships between suicide, community, and the state that emerge from diasporic and Native positionalities within a white settler society. Whereas Shraya's diasporic struggle with suicide is alleviated by forging community within settler spaces, Fire Song counters pathologizing depictions of reserve communities by emphasizing resurgent Indigenous practices and their refusal of settler logics.


2021 ◽  
Vol ahead-of-print (ahead-of-print) ◽  
Author(s):  
Daniel W. Richards ◽  
Sarath Lal Ukwatte Jalathge ◽  
Prem W. Senarath Yapa

PurposeThis paper researches the professionalization of financial planning in Australia. The authors investigate how the institutional logic of major institutions inhibits this occupation from moving toward a professional status.Design/methodology/approachThe study uses documentary analysis of government inquiries into Australian financial services from 1997 to 2017 to ascertain the various institutional logics relating to the professionalization of financial planning. The method involves generating ideas from the data and applying an institutional logic framework to make sense of impediments to the professionalization of financial planning in Australia.FindingsThe regulator adopted a self-regulation logic that empowered financial institutions to govern financial advice. These financial institutions have a logic of profit maximization that creates conflicts of interest in financial planning. The financial planning professional bodies adopted a logic of attracting and retaining members due to a competitive professional environment. Thus, financial planners have not been defined as fiduciaries, professional standards have not increased and an ineffective disciplinary resolution system exists.Research limitations/implicationsThis research illustrates the various institutional logics that need to be addressed to professionalize financial planning in Australia. However, the data used is limited to that drawn from the parliamentary inquiries.Originality/valuePrior research on the emergence of professions such as accounting has shown that financial institutions are sites of professionalization. This research shows that financial institutions impede professionalization in financial planning. Also, where the state granted legitimacy to other professions, this research indicates that the state regulator's logic of self-regulation has not legitimized financial planning.


2021 ◽  
Author(s):  
PANKAJ GARG ◽  
Mithilesh Dronavalli ◽  
Katarina Ostojic ◽  
Bin Jalaluddin ◽  
Sinthu Vivekanandarajah ◽  
...  

Abstract BackgroundSouth Western Sydney (SWS) region, in the state of New South Wales (NSW) in Australia is a culturally and linguistically diverse area of marked social disadvantage. Using the best available data sources, we aimed to explore the prevalence of children with developmental disability and their access to disability and special education support services, to identify equity gaps. MethodsData on the potential number of children in SWS with neurodisability was identified from the district wide Child Developmental Assessment Service (CDAS) database of public-funded Community Paediatrics services, the NSW/Australian capital territory (ACT) Cerebral Palsy (CP) register, the State-wide Infant Screening-Hearing (SWISH) Program, the Royal Institute for Deaf and Blind Children and the Department of Education. The proportion of children with access to disability services for children up-to 18 years of age was explored from the datasets of the National Disability Insurance Scheme (NDIS). Relative risks were calculated to compare any differences in proportion of supports in SWS compared to NSW. ResultsIn 2018, 503 children (median age 4.3 years) were assessed by CDAS; 65% had autism spectrum disorder (ASD) either alone or in association with global developmental delays and 24% had global developmental delay. The prevalence of CP in SWS was 1.86/1000; with a higher proportion of severe functional and intellectual impairment in SWS compared to the state. The prevalence of sensori-neural hearing loss in SWS was 2.2/1000, and more children in SWS had severe visual impairment compared to the state (P=0.003). Students in support classes with special needs were overrepresented in SWS compared to the state (P<0.0001). There were slightly more children with intellectual disability in SWS supported by the NDIS, but proportions for other conditions were comparable to NSW. Conclusions While available data sources are incomplete, we identified greater proportions of children with neurodisability, experiencing more functional impairment in SWS, compared to NSW; with ASD being the most common neurodisability presenting to developmental clinics. We also identified potential equity gaps in disability service provision. A state-wide child disability register would aid planning and research, with concerted advocacy needed to improve equity in disability support provision in this region.


2021 ◽  
Vol 9 (205) ◽  
pp. 1-25
Author(s):  
Hérika Cristina Pereira da Paixão

This article discusses the basis for naval inspection in brazilian jurisdictional waters, water pollution, various legislations, laws, regulations and standards, such as LESTA, RLESTA, NORMAM 07, regarding to Naval Inspection Activities, NORMAM 09, referring to Maritime Authority Standards For Administrative Inquiries On Casualties and Facts of Navigation (IAFN), the role of the Maritime Tribunal, among others. In addition, it talks about the importance of maritime transport and port activities, especially in relation to the state of Espírito Santo. The Acuerdo de Viña del Mar, a relevant agreement regarding to naval inspections, aims to establish the basis for closer collaboration for the Maritime Authorities of the countries of the Latin American continent, in order to coordinate measures for the supervision of foreign ships that visit their ports, according to requirements of the Conventions, Codes and Resolutions that aim the safety of navigation and human life at sea and the prevention of water pollution in maritime and river waters.


2021 ◽  
pp. 1-29
Author(s):  
Beatrice Jauregui

What labor rights do police workers have? How are they legally delimited? This article addresses these questions through a case study of government responses to attempts by police constables in post/colonial South Asia to express job-related grievances and establish employee unions. Drawing on ethnographic observations, interviews, and archival documents collected in India over fifteen years, the analysis demonstrates that, for more than a century, class warfare within police organizations has manifested in counter-insurgency “lawfare” between senior officials and subordinate personnel regarding whether and how the latter may collectively organize to transform their living and working conditions. It further shows how in this context law as a social field has worked to subjectify rank-and-file police as an ironically exploitable and expendable class of laborers who are always already suspect of rebelling against the state that they have sworn to serve. Through revelations of a long history of structural servitude compelling subaltern police in South Asia to do questionably legal types of labor, this study raises challenging questions about how police work has been conceived and practiced globally as “security labor” and how, moving forward, we must work to reimagine what police work is, what it can be, and what it ought to be.


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