block element
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2022 ◽  
Lukas M. Sigmund ◽  
Rouven Maier ◽  
Lutz Greb

The tetrahedron is the primary structural motif among the p-block elements and determines the architecture of our bio- and geosphere. However, a broad understanding of the configurational inversion of tetrahedral...

Catalysts ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 12 (1) ◽  
pp. 44
Joaquim Miguel Badalo Branco ◽  
Ana Cristina Ferreira ◽  
Joana Filipa Martinho

Nickel– and cobalt–cerium bimetallic oxides were used as catalysts for the methanation of CO2 under pressure. The catalysts’ activity increases with pressure and an increase of just 10 bar is enough to double the yield of methane and to significantly improve the selectivity. The best results were those obtained over nickel–cerium bimetallic oxides, but the effect of pressure was particularly relevant over cobalt–cerium bimetallic oxides, which yield to methane increases from almost zero at atmospheric pressure to 50–60% at 30 bar. Both catalyst types are remarkably competitive, especially those containing nickel, which were always more active than a commercial rhodium catalyst used as a reference (5wt.% Rh/Al2O3) and tested under the same conditions. For the cobalt–cerium bimetallic oxides, the existence of a synergetic interaction between Co and CoO and the formation of cobalt carbides seems to play an important role in their catalytic behavior. Correlation between experimental reaction rates and simulated data confirms that the catalysts’ behavior follows the Langmuir–Hinshelwood–Hougen–Watson kinetic model, but Le Chatelier’s principle is also important to understand the catalysts’ behavior under pressure. A catalyst recycle study was also performed. The results obtained after five cycles using a nickel–cerium catalyst show insignificant variations in activity and selectivity, which are important for any type of practical application.

2021 ◽  
Shubhankar Kumar Bose ◽  
Lujia Mao ◽  
Laura Kuehn ◽  
Udo Radius ◽  
Jan Nekvinda ◽  

Steven P. Kelley ◽  
Pokpong Rungthanaphatsophon ◽  
Justin R. Walensky

An unusually large and structurally complex charge-neutral polynuclear cluster, hexa-μ2-azido-di-μ3-chlorido-hexa-μ2-hydroxido-di-μ3-oxido-hexakis(pentamethylcyclopentadienyl)hexathorium–diethyl ether–tetrahydrofuran (1/0.56/1.44), [Th3(C10H15)6Cl3(N3)6(OH)6O2]·0.56C4H10O·1.44C4H8O or [Th3(Cp*)3(O)(OH)3]2Cl2(N3)6·0.56C4H10O·1.44C4H8O (Cp* = [pentamethylcyclopentadienyl])−, has been crystallized as a mixed tetrahydrofuran/diethyl ether solvate and structurally characterized. The molecule contains a number of unusual features, the most notable being a finite yet exceptionally long cyclic metal-azido chain. These rare features are the consequence of both sterically protecting Cp* ligands and highly bridging oxide and hydroxide ligands in the same system and illustrate the interesting new possibilities that can arise from combining organometallic and solvothermal f-block element chemistry.

Polyhedron ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 198 ◽  
pp. 115085
Anna G. Matveeva ◽  
Oleg I. Artyushin ◽  
Margarita P. Pasechnik ◽  
Adam I. Stash ◽  
Anna V. Vologzhanina ◽  

2021 ◽  
Vol 96 ◽  
pp. 236-242
Abu Saad Ansari ◽  
Jeong Woo Han ◽  
Bonggeun Shong

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