Atmospheric Pressure
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2021 ◽  
Vol 60 (1) ◽  
pp. 103-106

Takuma Sato ◽  
Hiroaki Hanafusa ◽  
Seiichiro HIGASHI

Abstract Crystalline-germanium (c-Ge) is an attractive material for a thin-film transistor (TFT) channel because of its high carrier mobility and applicability to a low-temperature process. We present the electrical characteristics of c-Ge crystallized by atmospheric pressure micro-thermal-plasma-jet (µ-TPJ). The µ-TPJ crystalized c-Ge showed the maximum Hall mobility of 1070 cm2·V−1·s−1 with its hole concentration of ~ 1016 cm−3, enabling us to fabricate the TFT with field-effect mobility (μ FE) of 196 cm2·V−1·s−1 and ON/OFF ratio (R ON/OFF) of 1.4 × 104. On the other hand, RON/OFFs and μFEs were dependent on the scanning speed of the TPJ, inferring different types of defects were induced in the channel regions. These findings show not only a possibility of the TPJ irradiation as a promising method to make a c-Ge TFT on insulating substrates.

S.V. Pysarenko ◽  
V.Yu. Chernenko ◽  
O.E. Chygyrynets ◽  
O.M. Kaminskiy ◽  

X-ray spectral studies of the chemical composition of Irshansk ilmenite concentrates showed that it is leukoxenized mineral with a high (up to 79%) content of titanium oxide and inclusions of pseudorutile. The process of alkaline leaching of Ti4+ from ilmenite is investigated in the work. The study of the temperature effect on the reaction of ilmenite with potassium hydroxide at atmospheric pressure revealed that a temperature of 453 K is sufficient to obtain potassium titanate. A further increase in temperature does not provide a significant increase in the yield of water-soluble titanium. It is found that the optimal and sufficient ratio between ilmenite and potassium hydroxide is 1:2. An increase in the amount of potassium hydroxide in the reaction mixture is unsuitable, since it reduces the yield of soluble titanium and the final product will have a high alkalinity due to the presence of alkali which did not react. The main process of leaching with the formation of solid melt is completed in the first 30 minutes of the process. Infrared spectroscopy and X-ray diffraction showed that potassium titanate (K2TiO3) is formed under the studied conditions of alkaline leaching of ilmenite.

2021 ◽  
Le Thi Quynh Xuan ◽  
Linh Nhat Nguyen ◽  
Nguyen Thuan Dao

Abstract Recently, cold atmospheric-pressure plasma has been studied extensively as an efficient and green method to synthesize gold nanoparticles (AuNPs). Although the characteristics of the AuNPs, especially their homogeneousness, depend very much on the plasma synthesis parameters, there is a lack of a study involving these parameters systematically. Moreover, most of AuNPs-cold-plasma synthesis reports so far either required organic capping agents or resulted in highly non-uniform AuNPs. In this work, we systematically study the effect of most important synthesis parameters– including distance from the plasma jet to the solution, gas flow rate, plasma rate, volume and concentration of the precursor, plasma interaction time as well as the effect of the synthesis environment (humidity and temperature) – on the uniformity of the AuNPs. Through various characterization measurements, we show that homogeneous and highly stable intrinsic AuNPs with an average size of 45 nm can be obtained with optimized synthesis parameters and in the absence of a stabilizer. The synthesized AuNPs yield advanced optical sensing properties in comparison with commercial AuNPs and can be further applied in developing versatile and high-sensitivity biosensors.

Molecules ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 26 (22) ◽  
pp. 6953
Baoyou Liu ◽  
Xinyu Wang ◽  
Jie Tian ◽  
Peiwen Zhang ◽  
Huilong Yang ◽  

The viscosity (9.34–405.92 mPa·s) and absorption capacity (0.4394–1.0562 g·g−1) of (1-ethyl-3-methylidazolium trifluoroacetate + triethanolamine) binary blends atmospheric pressure in the temperature range of 303.15–343.15 K and at different mole fractions of [EMIM] [TFA] have been carried out. The molar fraction of [EMIM] [TFA] dependence of the viscosity and absorption capacity was demonstrated. The addition of a small amount of [EMIM] [TFA] into TEA led to rapidly decreased rates of binary blends’ viscosity and absorption capacity. However, the viscosity and absorption of binary blends did not decrease significantly when [EMIM] [TFA] was increased to a specific value. Compared with the molar fraction of the solution, the temperature had no obvious effect on viscosity and absorption capacity. By modeling and optimizing the ratio of viscosity and absorption capacity of ([EMIM] [TFA] + TEA), it is proven that when the mole fraction of [EMIM] [TFA] is 0.58, ([EMIM] [TFA] + TEA) has the best viscosity and absorption capacity at the same time. In addition, at 303.15 K, ([EMIM] [TFA] + TEA) was absorbed and desorbed six times, the absorption slightly decreased, and the desorption increased.

Sho Yamamoto ◽  
Kenta Nakazawa ◽  
Akihisa Ogino ◽  
Futoshi Iwata

Abstract We developed a localized plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition (PE-CVD) technique to deposit silicon oxide with a sub-micrometer width on a substrate using an atmospheric pressure plasma jet (APPJ) irradiated from a nanopipette nozzle. To realize fine material deposition, hexamethyldisiloxane (HMDSO) vapor was blown into the localized helium APPJ irradiated from the sub-micrometer aperture of the nanpopipette with the jet length limited to the aperture size of the nanopipette. The irradiation distance was controlled using a shear-force positioning technique using scanning probe microscopy (SPM). The proposed system successfully deposited silicon oxide dots with sub-micrometer width on a substrate. After the deposition, the topography of the deposited surface was observed by scanning the nanopipette, which can be used as an SPM probe. The localized PE-CVD properties were systematically investigated by varying the deposition parameters. The amount of deposited material could be controlled by the flow rate of the carrier gas of the HMDSO vapor, APPJ irradiation time, and nanopipette–substrate surface irradiation distance.

Processes ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 9 (11) ◽  
pp. 2069
Antonella Uricchio ◽  
Fiorenza Fanelli

Low-temperature atmospheric pressure (AP) plasma technologies have recently proven to offer a range of interesting opportunities for the preparation of a variety of nanocomposite (NC) coatings with different chemical compositions, structures, and morphologies. Since the late 2000s, numerous strategies have been implemented for the deposition of this intriguing class of coatings by using both direct and remote AP plasma sources. Interestingly, considerable progress has been made in the development of aerosol-assisted deposition processes in which the use of either precursor solutions or nanoparticle dispersions in aerosol form allows greatly widening the range of constituents that can be combined in the plasma-deposited NC films. This review summarizes the research published on this topic so far and, specifically, aims to present a concise survey of the developed plasma processes, with particular focus on their optimization as well as on the structural and functional properties of the NC coatings to which they provide access. Current challenges and opportunities are also briefly discussed to give an outlook on possible future research directions.

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