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Author(s):  
Debesh Mishra ◽  
Hullash Chauhan ◽  
Dinesh Kumar Mishra ◽  
Suchismita Satapathy

COVID-19 has been primarily regarded as a respiratory disease, and until a safer and effective treatment or vaccine becomes available, the prevention of COVID-19 may continue through interventions based on non-pharmaceutical measures such as maintaining of physical distances and use of personal protective equipment like facemasks, etc. Therefore, an attempt was made in this study to explore the drawbacks with the presently available facemasks for protection from COVID-19 viruses in the state of Odisha in India, and also to explore the possible opportunities for further development of these facemasks. The associated discomforts; strength, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats (SWOT) analysis of existing facemasks in Odisha; possible opportunities for “Make in India” of these facemasks; along with safer use have been analyzed with the help of interpretive structural modelling (ISM) approach followed by MICMAC analysis.


2022 ◽  
pp. 15-26
Author(s):  
Stanislav Tkachenko ◽  
Olha Vlasenko ◽  
Nataliia Rezydent ◽  
Dmytro Stepanov ◽  
Nataliia Stepanova

Experimental studies of the non-stationary heat exchange in the system «environment I – body II» have been carried out. It is established that in the body II, which consists of the fluid and thin-walled metal envelope, the characteristic features of the regular thermal mode occur, i.e., cooling (heating) rate of the body II- m = const; heat transfer coefficient between the water (environment I) and body II is practically stable α1 = const; uneven temperatures distribution coefficient in the body II ψ = const. This new notion of the heat transfer regularities in the body II is planned to apply for further development of the experimental-calculation method for the forecasting of the heat exchange intensity in the compound fluid media with limited information regarding thermophysical and rheological properties.


2022 ◽  
Vol 11 (2) ◽  
pp. 711-737
Author(s):  
Carina Spreitzer ◽  
Samuel Hafner ◽  
Konrad Krainer ◽  
Andreas Vohns

<p style="text-align: justify;">Research on instructional quality has been of great interest for several decades, leading to an immense and diverse body of literature. However, due to different definitions and operationalisations, the picture of what characteristics are important for instructional quality is not entirely clear. Therefore, in this paper, a scoping review was performed to provide an overview of existing evidence of both generic and subject-didactic characteristics with regard to student performance. More precisely, this paper aims to (a) identify both generic and subject-didactic characteristics affecting student performance in mathematics in secondary school, (b) cluster these characteristics into categories to show areas for quality teaching, and (c) analyse and assess the effects of these characteristics on student performance to rate the scientific evidence in the context of the articles considered. The results reveal that teaching characteristics, and not just the instruments for recording the quality of teaching as described in previous research, can be placed on a continuum ranging from generic to subject-didactic. Moreover, on account of the inconsistent definition of subject-didactic characteristics, the category of ‘subject-didactic specifics’ needs further development to establish it as a separate category in empirical research. Finally, this study represents a further step toward understanding the effects of teaching characteristics on student performance by providing an overview of teaching characteristics and their effects and evidence.</p>


Sensors ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 22 (2) ◽  
pp. 670
Author(s):  
Benjamin Steven Vien ◽  
Wing Kong Chiu ◽  
Matthias Russ ◽  
Mark Fitzgerald

Reliable and quantitative assessments of bone quality and fracture healing prompt well-optimised patient healthcare management and earlier surgical intervention prior to complications of nonunion and malunion. This study presents a clinical investigation on modal frequencies associations with musculoskeletal components of human legs by using a prototype device based on a vibration analysis method. The findings indicated that the first out-of-plane and coupled modes in the frequency range from 60 to 110 Hz are associated with the femur length, suggesting these modes are suitable quantitative measures for bone evaluation. Furthermore, higher-order modes are shown to be associated with the muscle and fat mass of the leg. In addition, mathematical models are formulated via a stepwise regression approach to determine the modal frequencies using the measured leg components as variables. The optimal models of the first modes consist of only femur length as the independent variable and explain approximately 43% of the variation of the modal frequencies. The subsequent findings provide insights for further development on utilising vibration-based methods for practical bone and fracture healing monitoring.


2022 ◽  
Vol 11 (1) ◽  
pp. 573-586
Author(s):  
Elizabeth J. ◽  
Marie Gitschthaler ◽  
Susanne Schwab

<p style="text-align: justify;">In Austria, segregated German language support classes (GLSC) were introduced in the school year 2018/19 to intensively support students who had previously little or no contact with German, the official language of instruction. These classes have been widely criticised; however, a formal evaluation of their effects has yet to be published. In absence of this evaluation, this article describes the language support model as it currently exists in Austria and reviews existing evidence about its efficacy. The literature review synthesises findings from educational research undertaken in other contexts that offer insight into features of ‘good practice’ in language support models. The article then explores the extent to which GLSC comply with these features. As such, this review allows insights into ways of ensuring students’ language and socio-emotional development – all central aspects of academic success – in language support models. It therefore allows research-informed understanding of the effects of the newly implemented model of German support classes in Austria and makes recommendations for further development.</p>


Mathematics ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 10 (2) ◽  
pp. 258
Author(s):  
Nikolai M. Adrianov ◽  
George B. Shabat

Belyi pairs constitute an important element of the program developed by Alexander Grothendieck in 1972–1984. This program related seemingly distant domains of mathematics; in the case of Belyi pairs, such domains are two-dimensional combinatorial topology and one-dimensional arithmetic geometry. The paper contains an account of some computer-assisted calculations of Belyi pairs with fixed discrete invariants. We present three complete lists of polynomial-like Belyi pairs: (1) of genus 2 and (minimal possible) degree 5; (2) clean ones of genus 1 and degree 8; and (3) clean ones of genus 2 and degree 8. The explanation of some phenomena we encounter in these calculations will hopefully stimulate further development of the dessins d’enfants theory.


Sensors ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 22 (2) ◽  
pp. 622
Author(s):  
Yuting Zhu ◽  
Tim Giffney ◽  
Kean Aw

Dielectric elastomer (DE) sensors have been widely used in a wide variety of applications, such as in robotic hands, wearable sensors, rehabilitation devices, etc. A unique dielectric elastomer-based multimodal capacitive sensor has been developed to quantify the pressure and the location of any touch simultaneously. This multimodal sensor is a soft, flexible, and stretchable dielectric elastomer (DE) capacitive pressure mat that is composed of a multi-layer soft and stretchy DE sensor. The top layer measures the applied pressure, while the underlying sensor array enables location identification. The sensor is placed on a passive elastomeric substrate in order to increase deformation and optimize the sensor’s sensitivity. This DE multimodal capacitive sensor, with pressure and localization capability, paves the way for further development with potential applications in bio-mechatronics technology and other humanoid devices. The sensor design could be useful for robotic and other applications, such as fruit picking or as a bio-instrument for the diabetic insole.


Energies ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 15 (2) ◽  
pp. 563
Author(s):  
Elena Schislyaeva ◽  
Elena Balashova ◽  
Inna Krasovskaya ◽  
Olga Saychenko ◽  
Elena Palkina

Currently, in conditions of Industry 4.0, the use of cyber-physical systems in various fields is becoming widespread. This article is devoted to the problem of estimating CPS sustainability in the context of modern challenges faced by decision makers and IT developers in order to ensure effective proactive business process management using this innovative technology. The purpose of the research is to propose and substantiate a methodology for estimating CPS sustainability to ensure the reliability and strength of its elements, their interrelationships and interaction, as well as the effective functioning and development of this system in conditions of high dynamism and uncertainty of the external environment. In this study, we used methods of integral evaluation, synthesis, expert assessments, dynamic analysis, and systematic approach, and coined the term ‘CPS sustainability’. Our study showed that negative risks, external and internal threats may have a significant adverse impact on CPS sustainability. The reliability of this system should be evaluated on the basis of integrated indicators. The key indicators, reflecting the reliability of maintaining the properties of the CPS in a normal state of its function and further development, were identified. We propose a methodology for estimating CPS sustainability. In general, the presented results form the basis for improving CPS management to increase the effectiveness and efficiency of its functioning and development.


Sensors ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 22 (2) ◽  
pp. 557
Author(s):  
Shuiguang Tong ◽  
Junjie Li ◽  
Feiyun Cong ◽  
Zilong Fu ◽  
Zheming Tong

Due to planetary movement of planet gears, the vibration signal perceived by a stationary sensor is modulated and difficult to diagnose. This paper proposed a vibration separation methodology compensated by a time-varying transfer function (TVTF-VS), which is a further development of the vibration separation (VS) method in the diagnosis of non-hunting tooth planetary gearboxes. On the basis of VS, multi-teeth VS is proposed to extract and synthesize the meshing signal of a planet gear using a single transducer. Considering the movement regularity of a planetary gearbox, the time-varying transfer function (TVTF) is represented by a generalized expression. The TVTF is constructed using a segment of healthy signal and an evaluation indicator is established to optimize the parameters of the TVTF. The constructed TVTF is applied to overcome the amplitude modulation effect and highlight fault characteristics. After that, experiments with baseline, pitting, and compound localized faults planet gears were conducted on a non-hunting tooth planetary gearbox test rig, respectively. The results demonstrate that incipient failure on a planet gear can be detected effectively, and relative location of the local faults can be determined accurately.


2022 ◽  
Author(s):  
Chanadan Douykhumklaw ◽  
Thana Sutthibutpong

Abstract Molecularly imprinted polymers (MIP) are the polymers created by molecular imprinting techniques that leave cavities for the specific interactions with a template molecule, and have been applied in molecular selectivity tasks. In this study, the molecular dynamics (MD) simulation technique was used to demonstrate that aniline oligomer could be developed as a potential MIP for detection and separation of the spectinomycin drug molecule for gonorrhoea treatment. MD simulations were performed for the systems of a spectinomycin within aniline oligomers of different sizes. The mean square displacement (MSD) and the diffusivity calculated from MD simulations showed that the diffusion coefficient was significantly dropped when the length of aniline oligomer was greater than two. The diffusion coefficient of spectinomycin became the lowest within aniline trimers, corresponded to the highest atomic distribution of MIP around the template. Then, the specific cavity in MIP systems with and without spectinomycin were calculated to assess the stability of the cavity created by the template. The volume of a cavity created within the trimer system was closest to the spectinomycin volume, and therefore became the optimal oligomer size for further development of MIP.


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