ethical considerations
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2022 ◽  
Vol 14 (1) ◽  
pp. 1-12
Author(s):  
Sandra Geisler ◽  
Maria-Esther Vidal ◽  
Cinzia Cappiello ◽  
Bernadette Farias Lóscio ◽  
Avigdor Gal ◽  
...  

A data ecosystem (DE) offers a keystone-player or alliance-driven infrastructure that enables the interaction of different stakeholders and the resolution of interoperability issues among shared data. However, despite years of research in data governance and management, trustability is still affected by the absence of transparent and traceable data-driven pipelines. In this work, we focus on requirements and challenges that DEs face when ensuring data transparency. Requirements are derived from the data and organizational management, as well as from broader legal and ethical considerations. We propose a novel knowledge-driven DE architecture, providing the pillars for satisfying the analyzed requirements. We illustrate the potential of our proposal in a real-world scenario. Last, we discuss and rate the potential of the proposed architecture in the fulfillmentof these requirements.


2022 ◽  
Vol 127 ◽  
pp. 108524
Author(s):  
Nathan A. Shlobin ◽  
Justin M. Campbell ◽  
Joshua M. Rosenow ◽  
John D. Rolston

2022 ◽  
pp. 103-116
Author(s):  
Noah K. Kaufman ◽  
Shane S. Bush ◽  
Nicole R. Schneider ◽  
Scotia J. Hicks

2022 ◽  
Vol ahead-of-print (ahead-of-print) ◽  
Author(s):  
Jordana Soares de Lira ◽  
Marconi Freitas da Costa

PurposeThis study seeks to investigate the influence of the theory of planned behavior (TPB), of the conscious consumption intention and of the consumer ethical considerations, on Slow Fashion Consumption in the region known as Agreste Pernambucano, in Brazil, which is known for being an apparel manufacturing area.Design/methodology/approachTo achieve this purpose, descriptive quantitative research using non-probabilistic sampling was conducted. Data were collected through an online survey and distributed through the snowball technique. The sample consists of 486 respondents and relies on structural equation modeling for data analysis.FindingsThe results highlight that the Slow Fashion Consumption, in the scope of Local Productive Arrangement (LPA) of clothing manufacturing in the Agreste region, is influenced by the intention of conscious consumption, the ethical considerations in consumer behavior and the perceived behavioral control. Moreover, the results highlight the role of the influence of subjective norms both in the attitudes of consumers and the intention of conscious consumption.Originality/valueThe primary contribution of this study is to demonstrate that perceived behavioral control is positively associated with Slow Fashion Consumption, which, in turn, shows that respondents believe they have control over their sustainable actions.


Author(s):  
Kirsty Squires ◽  
Charlotte A. Roberts ◽  
Nicholas Márquez‐Grant

2022 ◽  
pp. 205141582110664
Author(s):  
Rao Nouman Ali ◽  
Sohaib Irfan ◽  
Wajiha Irfan ◽  
Attiq-ur-rehman khan ◽  
Muhammad Irfan ◽  
...  

Introduction: Penile duplication or penile diphallia is a rare congenital anomaly that is mainly associated with renal, anorectal or vertebral anomalies, that is, spina bifida. This condition was first described by Johannes Jacob Wecker in 1609 in Italy. Problem: Its incidence is extremely rare, about one in millions. The aetiology of this condition is unknown up till now; however, it is considered that defect of genital tubercle leads to the formation of diphallia. Methods: The condition is diagnosed clinically, and management depends on the appearance of genitalia and the associated anomalies as well as after taking into account the social and ethical considerations. Most of the time, management involves surgical incision of the non-functioning penis. Results: In this case report, a child of age 10 years presented with double penis since childhood. The child was evaluated clinically and radiologically for any other associated abnormalities, and his non-functional urethra was surgically removed. Level of evidence: Level IV


2022 ◽  
Vol 3 (6) ◽  
pp. 11-15
Author(s):  
Jessica Andrea Aguilera-Hernández ◽  
Lydia Lopéz Pontigo ◽  
María del Refugio Acuña Gurrola ◽  
Arianna Omaña Covarruvias

At the professional practice of nutrition, as in the rest of the health disciplines, it is necessary to follow high standards in order to establish the best doctor-patient relationship and the greatest benefit in the user's health. In a special way, the factors that are indexed in the nutrition of the elderly must be specified; since, during the stage of old age, individuals present physiological and psychosocial changes that affect their nutritional status, which lead to both overweight and malnutrition, implying malnutrition problems. Thus, recommendations are established for both the ethical aspects and the components that must be considered for the adequate feeding of the elderly, including the ethical considerations involved in the interventions.


2022 ◽  
Vol 9 (2) ◽  
pp. 211-224
Author(s):  
Lars Samuelsson ◽  
Niclas Lindström

Education for sustainable development (ESD) is nowadays internationally considered an important aspect of the overall education of children and young people in the world. It is included among the goals of the UN 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. Besides its content – sustainable development – ESD is also characterized by its emphasis on a democratic and participatory educational procedure. In this paper, we show how both these aspects of ESD – its content and procedure – reveal the importance of bringing ethical considerations into ESD, as well as provide challenges for ethics teaching in ESD. Keywords: education for sustainable development (ESD), sustainable development, ethics education, teaching ethics, participatory education, controversial issues


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