emergency care
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2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (1) ◽  
pp. 48-52
J. Austin Lee ◽  
Grace Wanjiku ◽  
Naomi Nduku ◽  
Adam R. Aluisio ◽  
Ramu Kharel ◽  

2022 ◽  
Vol 6 ◽  
pp. 100142
Gilmar Reis ◽  
Eduardo Augusto dos Santos Moreira Silva ◽  
Daniela Carla Medeiros Silva ◽  
Lehana Thabane ◽  
Aline Cruz Milagres ◽  

2022 ◽  
Vol 8 ◽  
Lili Wang ◽  
Rong Wu

Acute craniocerebral injury is a common traumatic disease in clinical practice, characterized by rapid changes in condition and a high rate of death and disability. Early and effective emergency care throughout the pre-hospital and in-hospital period is the key to reducing the rate of death and disability and promoting the recovery of patients. In this study, we conducted an observational study of 130 patients with acute craniocerebral injury admitted between May 2020 and May 2021. Patients were randomly divided into a regular group and an optimization group of 65 patients each, with patients in the regular group receiving the conventional emergency care model and patients in the optimization group receiving the pre-hospital and in-hospital optimal emergency care process for intervention. In this study, we observed and compared the time taken to arrive at the scene, assess the condition, attend to the patient and provide emergency care, the success rate of emergency care within 48 h, the interleukin-6 (IL-6), interleukin-8 (IL-8), and intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) after admission and 1 day before discharge, the National Institute of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) and the Short Form 36-item Health Survey (SF-36) after resuscitation and 1 day before discharge, and the complications of infection, brain herniation, central hyperthermia, and electrolyte disturbances in both groups. We collected and statistically analyzed the recorded data. The results showed that the time taken to arrive at the consultation site, assess the condition, receive the consultation, provide first aid was significantly lower in the optimized group than in the regular group (P < 0.05); the success rate of treatment was significantly higher in the optimized group than in the regular group (P < 0.05). In both groups, IL-6, IL-8, and ICAM-1 decreased on the day before discharge compared with the day of rescue, with the levels of each index lower in the optimization group than in the regular group (P < 0.05); the NIHSS scores decreased and the SF-36 scores increased on the day before discharge compared with the successful rescue in both groups, with the NIHSS scores in the optimization group lower than in the regular group and the SF-36 scores higher than in the control group (P < 0.05). The overall complication rate in the optimization group was significantly lower than that in the regular group (P < 0.05). This shows that optimizing pre-hospital and in-hospital emergency care procedures can significantly shorten the time to emergency care for patients with acute craniocerebral injury, increase the success rate, reduce inflammation, improve neurological function and quality of life, reduce the occurrence of complications, and improve patient prognosis.

2022 ◽  
Vol 8 (1) ◽  
pp. 114-121
B. Niyazov ◽  
S. Niyazovа

Insufficient availability of emergency medical services to the rural population is noted. The dynamics of the growth of calls to emergency medical services testifies to the fact that emergency medical institutions have taken over part of inpatient services for the provision of emergency care to patients with chronic diseases and acute colds.

Colleen K. Gutman ◽  
K. Casey Lion ◽  
Carla L. Fisher ◽  
Paul L. Aronson ◽  
Mary Patterson ◽  

2022 ◽  
Vol 9 ◽  
Olaf von dem Knesebeck ◽  
Sarah Koens ◽  
Ingmar Schäfer ◽  
Annette Strauß ◽  
Jens Klein

Background: Knowledge and beliefs about health and health care are part of the general concept of health literacy. Studies demonstrated that large parts of the population report inadequate health literacy. There are only few studies specifically addressing public knowledge and beliefs about emergency care. We examine magnitude and social variations of public knowledge about emergency care in Germany.Methods: Analyses make use of a telephone survey conducted in Hamburg, Germany. Random sample consisted of 1,207 adult respondents. We asked whether the respondents know various emergency care services. Moreover, capabilities of dealing with an emergency case were assessed. Sex, age, education, and migration background were introduced as predictors into regression models.Results: 98% of the respondents stated to know the rescue service, while 74% knew the medical on call service and 49% were aware of an emergency practice nearby. About 71% of the interviewees said it was easy for them to find out whom to turn to in a case of a medical emergency. Fewer respondents found it easy to evaluate when to use emergency medical services and to evaluate whether a health problem is a medical emergency. Knowledge and capabilities were positively associated with education and negatively related to migration background.Conclusions: This study indicates a lack of public knowledge about emergency care and social inequalities in public knowledge according to education and migration status. Findings suggest that interventions are needed to improve public knowledge and that considering social inequalities should be a basic principle for such interventions.

Thabata Coaglio Lucas ◽  
Cristiane Rocha Fagundes Moura ◽  
Raquel Aparecida Monteiro ◽  
Valéria da Silva Baracho ◽  
Cintia Maria Rodrigues ◽  

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