tengger desert
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CATENA ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 209 ◽  
pp. 105851
Author(s):  
Li Wang ◽  
Yanning Qiu ◽  
Zhiyong Han ◽  
Chi Xu ◽  
Shuang-Ye Wu ◽  
...  

2022 ◽  
Vol 11 (1) ◽  
Author(s):  
Ya-Fei Shi ◽  
Zeng-Ru Wang ◽  
Bing-Xin Xu ◽  
Jian-Qiang Huo ◽  
Rui Hu ◽  
...  

Abstract Background Soil seed banks may offer great potential for maintaining and restoring desert ecosystems that have been degraded by climate change and anthropogenic disturbance. However, few studies have explored the year-to-year dynamics in the species composition (richness and abundance) of these desert soil seed banks. Thus, we conducted a 4-year study to assess the effects of environmental factors (meteorology and microtopography) and aboveground vegetation on the soil seed bank of the Tengger Desert, China. Results We found the seed bank was dominated by annual herb species both in species richness and abundance. More rainfall in the growing season increased the number of seeds in the soil seed bank, and quadrat micro-elevation had a negative effect on soil seed bank size. The species composition in the seed bank had significantly larger between-year similarity than that in the aboveground vegetation due to the dominance of annual herb species. For different life forms, the species composition of annual herbs showed distinctly larger temporal similarity between the aboveground vegetation and the seed bank compared with perennial herbs and shrubs. Conclusions Our findings highlight that the combined effects of environmental factors and plant life forms determine the species composition (especially the abundance) of soil seed banks in deserts. However, if degraded desert ecosystems are left to regenerate naturally, the lack of shrub and perennial herb seeds could crucially limit their restoration. Human intervention and management may have to be applied to enhance the seed abundance of perennial lifeforms in degraded deserts.


2021 ◽  
Vol 131 ◽  
pp. 108216
Author(s):  
Zhi-Shan Zhang ◽  
Bing-Xin Xu ◽  
Yang Zhao ◽  
Ya-Fei Shi ◽  
Jian-Qiang Huo ◽  
...  

Atmosphere ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 12 (9) ◽  
pp. 1157
Author(s):  
Nan Meng ◽  
Nai’ang Wang ◽  
Liqiang Zhao ◽  
Zhenmin Niu ◽  
Xiaoyan Liang ◽  
...  

The northeastern part of the Tengger Desert accommodates several lakes. The effect of these lakes on local temperatures is unclear. In this study, the effects of the lakes were investigated using land surface temperature (LST) from MODIS (Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer) data from 2003 to 2018 and air temperatures from meteorological stations in 2017. LST and air temperatures are compared between the lake-group region and an area without lakes to the north using statistical methods. Our results show that the lake-group region is found to exhibit a warm island effect in winter on an annual scale and at night on a daily scale. The warm island effect is caused by the differing properties of the land and other surfaces. Groundwater may also be an important heat source. The results of this study will help in understanding the causative factors of warm island effects and other properties of lakes.


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